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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5Polydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsHP-5DB-1
Column length (m) 30.   30.
Carrier gas Helium   Helium
Column diameter (mm) 0.25   0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25   0.25
Program 30 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 170 0Cnot specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 987.989.989.987.988.
ReferenceFang, Pu, et al., 2012Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Citron, Riclea, et al., 2011Xu, Tang, et al., 2010
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5HP-5DB-5DB-5HP-1
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHe
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum)
Program 50 0C m6 0C/min -> 140 0C 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 11 0C/min -> 280 0Cnot specifiednot specified40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)
I 989.992.994.999.959.
ReferenceCourtois, Paine, et al., 2009Maggi, Bilek, et al., 2009Porto, Decorti, et al., 2009Porto, Decorti, et al., 2009Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeHP-1CP Sil 8 CBHP-5
Column length (m)   30.50. 
Carrier gas   HeHeHe
Column diameter (mm)   0.20.32 
Phase thickness (mum)   0.330.25 
Program not specifiednot specified60C(5min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C(10min)60 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
I 948.966.984.984.979.
ReferenceChen and Feng, 2007Feng and Mu, 2007Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 2007Mockute, Bernotiene, et al., 2007Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5SPB-5SE-52DB-1DB-1
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)
Program 60C => 1C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 250C (40min)60C => 1C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 250C(40min)45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C(10min)45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
I 977.977.984.963.961.
ReferenceChemat, Lucchesi, et al., 2006Iriti, Colnaghi, et al., 2006Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 2006Belhattab, Larous, et al., 2005Figueiredo, Sim-Sim, et al., 2005
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase MDN-5Polydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsHP-5DB-5HP-1
Column length (m) 30. 50.50. 
Carrier gas      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 1.051.05 
Program not specifiednot specified40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)not specified
I 977.986.988.988.965.
ReferenceJelen and Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, 2005Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSSE-30SPB-5Polydimethyl siloxaneAT-5
Column length (m) 30. 60. 60.
Carrier gas He   He
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.32 0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 1. 0.25
Program 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 150C(10min) => 10C/min => 250Cnot specifiednot specifiednot specified50 0C 5 0C/min -> 135 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 260 0C
I 984.970.986.965.986.
ReferenceSahin, Gulluce, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 2003Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Usai, Atzei, et al., 2003
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1DB-5DB-5Polydimethyl siloxaneCP-Sil5 CB MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30. 50.
Carrier gas He    
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.200.20 0.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.4
Program 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 240C(15min)not specifiednot specifiednot specified0C (3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C (30min)
I 994.980.980.987.972.
ReferenceNogueira and Romano, 2002Rapior, Breheret, et al., 2002Rapior, Breheret, et al., 2002Spanier, Shahidi, et al., 2001Tirillini, Verdelli, et al., 2000
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeDB-5SPB-1DB-5DB-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas  HeHe  
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.530.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.255. 1.
Program not specified60C => 3C/min => 240C => 30C/min => 300C40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200Cnot specified0C(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C (5min)
I 966.985.970.988.977.
ReferenceEstrada and Gutierrez, 1999Yusuf, Begum, et al., 1998Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997Jean, Garneau, et al., 1993Storer, Elmore, et al., 1993
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-1DB-1DB-1DB-1
Column length (m)
Carrier gas Helium H2H2
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 5.0 0.250.25
Program 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0Cnot specified30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
I 970.964.962.964.
ReferenceStrete, Ruprah, et al., 1992Binder and Flath, 1989Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Fang, Pu, et al., 2012
Fang, S.; Pu, B.; Chen, A.; Kangzhou, Ao; Xu, D., A box-behnken design for characterizing Chineser truffles (Tuber indicum) aroma by HS-SPME-GC-MS, J. Food Res., 2012, 1, 3, 219-229, https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v1n3p219 . [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Citron, Riclea, et al., 2011
Citron, C.A.; Riclea, R.; Brock, N.L.; Dickschat, J.S., Biosynthesis of acorane sesquiterpenes by Trichoderma. Electronic supplemental materials (ESI), Royal Soc. Chem., 2011, 1-10. [all data]

Xu, Tang, et al., 2010
Xu, X.; Tang, Z.; Liang, Y., Comparative analysis of plant essential oils by GC-MS coupled with integrated chemometric resolution methods, Anal. Methods, 2010, 2, 4, 359-367, https://doi.org/10.1039/b9ay00213h . [all data]

Courtois, Paine, et al., 2009
Courtois, E.A.; Paine, C.E.; Blandinieres, P.-A.; Stien, D.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Houel, E.; Baraloto, C.; Chave, J., Diversity of the volatile organic compounds emitted by 55 species of tropical trees: a survey in French Guiana, J. Chem. Ecol., 2009, 35, 11, 1349-1362, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-009-9718-1 . [all data]

Maggi, Bilek, et al., 2009
Maggi, F.; Bilek, T.; Lucarini, D.; Papa, F.; Sagratini, G.; Vittori, S., Melittis melissophyllum L. subsp. melissophylum (Lamiaceae) from central Italy: A new source of a mushrrom-like flavour, Food Chem., 2009, 113, 1, 216-221, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.07.066 . [all data]

Porto, Decorti, et al., 2009
Porto, C.Da.; Decorti, D.; Kikic, I., Flavour compounds of Lavandula angustifolia L. to use in food manufacturing: comparison of three different extraction methods, Food Chem., 2009, 112, 4, 1072-1078, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.07.015 . [all data]

Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007
Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1279-1284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.027 . [all data]

Chen and Feng, 2007
Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 2007, 24, 10, 1404-1408. [all data]

Feng and Mu, 2007
Feng, H.; Mu, L.-L., Quantitative structure-retention relationships for alkane and its derivatives based on electrotopological state index and molecular shape index, Chem. Ind. Engineering (Chinese), 2007, 24, 2, 161-168. [all data]

Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 2007
Merle, H.; Verdeguer, M.; Blázquez, M.A.; Boira, H., Chemical composition of the essential oils from Eriocephalus africanus L. var. africanus populations growing in Spain, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 461-464, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1821 . [all data]

Mockute, Bernotiene, et al., 2007
Mockute, D.; Bernotiene, G.; Judzentiene, A., The essential oil of Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederaceae L.) growing wild in Eastern Lithuania, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2007, 19, 5, 449-451, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2007.9699948 . [all data]

Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007
Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 2007, 68, 20, 2584-2598, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.030 . [all data]

Chemat, Lucchesi, et al., 2006
Chemat, F.; Lucchesi, M.E.; Smadja, J.; Favretto, L.; Colnaghi, G.; Visinoni, F., Microwave accelerated steam distillation of essential oil from lavender: A rapid, clean and environmentally friendly approach, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 555, 1, 157-160, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2005.08.071 . [all data]

Iriti, Colnaghi, et al., 2006
Iriti, M.; Colnaghi, G.; Chemat, F.; Smadja, J.; Faoro, F.; Visinoni, F.A., Histo-cytochemistry and scanning electron microscopy of lavender glandular trichomes following conventional and microwave-assisted hydrodistillation of essential oils: a comparative study, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 704-712, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1692 . [all data]

Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 2006
Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 2006, 78, 13, 1419-1432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2005.07.020 . [all data]

Belhattab, Larous, et al., 2005
Belhattab, R.; Larous, L.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Santos, P.A.G.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G., Origanum glandulosum Desf. grown wild in Algeria: essential oil composition and glycosidic bound volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 209-212, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1387 . [all data]

Figueiredo, Sim-Sim, et al., 2005
Figueiredo, A.C.; Sim-Sim, M.; Costa, M.M.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Esquível, M.G.; Gutierres, F.; Lobo, C.; Fontinha, S., Comparison of the essential oil composition of four Plagiochila species: P. bifaria, P. maderensis, P. retrorsa and P. stricta, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 703-709, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1627 . [all data]

Jelen and Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, 2005
Jelen, H.H.; Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, J., Volatile compounds of Aspergillus strains with different abilities to produce ochratoxin A, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 5, 1678-1683, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0487396 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 98-100. [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2004, 84, 11, 1364-1370, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1826 . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasarán, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 2004, 64, 2, 458-466, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2004.03.007 . [all data]

Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004
Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2004, 15, 2, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532004000200005 . [all data]

Sahin, Gulluce, et al., 2004
Sahin, F.; Gulluce, M.; Daferera, D.; Sokmen, A.; Sokmen, M.; Polissiou, M.; Agar, G.; Ozer, H., Biological activities of the essential oils and methanol extract of Origanum vulgare ssp. vulgare in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey, Food Control, 2004, 15, 7, 549-557, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2003.08.009 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 2003
Begnaud, F.; Pérès, C.; Berdagué, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 2003, 83, 10, 837-849, https://doi.org/10.1080/03067310310001603349 . [all data]

Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003
Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2003, 2, 1, 33-49. [all data]

Usai, Atzei, et al., 2003
Usai, M.; Atzei, A.; Pintore, G.; Casanova, I., Composition and variability of the essential oil of Sardinian Thymus herba-barona Loisel, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 1, 21-25, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1137 . [all data]

Nogueira and Romano, 2002
Nogueira, J.M.F.; Romano, A., Essential oils from micropropagated plants of Lavandula viridis, Phytochem. Anal., 2002, 13, 1, 4-7, https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.609 . [all data]

Rapior, Breheret, et al., 2002
Rapior, S.; Breheret, S.; Talou T.; Pelissier, Y.; Bessiere, J.-M., The anise-like odor of Clitocybe odora, Lentinellus cochleatus and Agaricus essettei, Mycologia, 2002, 94, 3, 373-376, https://doi.org/10.2307/3761770 . [all data]

Spanier, Shahidi, et al., 2001
Spanier, A.M.; Shahidi, F.; Par; iment, T.H.; Mussinan, C., Food Flavors and Chemistry. Advances of the New Millenium, Royal Soc. Chem., 2001, 666. [all data]

Tirillini, Verdelli, et al., 2000
Tirillini, B.; Verdelli, G.; Paolocci, F.; Ciccioli, P.; Frattoni, M., The volatile organic compounds from the mycelium of Tuber borchii Vitt., Phytochemistry, 2000, 55, 8, 983-985, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00308-3 . [all data]

Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999
Estrada, E.; Gutierrez, Y., Modeling chromatographic parameters by a novel graph theoretical sub-structural approach, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 858, 2, 187-199, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00808-0 . [all data]

Yusuf, Begum, et al., 1998
Yusuf, M.; Begum, J.; Mondello, L.; Stagno d'Alcontres, I.S., Studies on the essential oil bearing plants of Bangladesh. Part VI. Composition of the oil of Ocimum gratissimum L., Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 163-166, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<163::AID-FFJ714>3.0.CO;2-1 . [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Jean, Garneau, et al., 1993
Jean, F.-I.; Garneau, F.-X.; Collin, G.J.; Bouhajib, M.; Zamir, L.O., The essential oil and glycosidically bound volatile compounds of Taxus canadensis marsh, J. Essent. Oil Res., 1993, 5, 1, 7-11, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1993.9698163 . [all data]

Storer, Elmore, et al., 1993
Storer, J.R.; Elmore, J.S.; van Emden, H.F., Airborne volatiles from the foliage of three cultivars of autumn flowering chrysanthemums, Phytochemistry, 1993, 34, 6, 1489-1492, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)90833-1 . [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Binder and Flath, 1989
Binder, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of pineapple guava, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 734-736, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a034 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 553-560, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a037 . [all data]


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, References