Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it


Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)10.0 ± 0.1eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)799.1kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity769.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.850 ± 0.010LPESFu, Yang, et al., 2011Triplet state of neutral 2.32 eV up; B
1.8600 ± 0.0050LPESSchiedt and Weinkauf, 1999Neutral T1 state is 2.3 eV up: Siegert, Vogeler, et al., 20112; B
1.91 ± 0.10TDEqHeinis, Chowdhury, et al., 1988«DELTA»Gea(423 K) = -42.4 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea = -4.0 eu.; B
1.930 ± 0.048IMREFukuda and McIver, 1985«DELTA»Gea(355 K) = -43.1 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea =-4.0, est. from data in Heinis, Chowdhury, et al., 1988; B
1.990 ± 0.048LPDMarks, Comita, et al., 1985B
1.89 ± 0.30NBIECooper, Naff, et al., 1975B
1.370 ± 0.078SIFarragher and Page, 1966The Magnetron method, lacking mass analysis, is not considered reliable.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.11PELauer, Schafer, et al., 1975LLK
10.01PEKobayashi, 1975LLK
9.96 ± 0.01PIKotov and Potapov, 1972LLK
9.96 ± 0.01PIPotapov and Sorokin, 1971LLK
9.95PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
9.7PITerenin, 1961RDSH
9.67 ± 0.02PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
10.1PEBock, Mohmand, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.99 ± 0.05PEDougherty and McGlynn, 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.03PECowan, Gleiter, et al., 1971Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C4H2O2+11.2 ± 0.05C2H2PIPotapov and Sorokin, 1971LLK
C5H4O+11.10 ± 0.05COPIPotapov and Sorokin, 1971LLK


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Fu, Yang, et al., 2011
Fu, Q.A.; Yang, J.L.; Wang, X.B., On the Electronic Structures and Electron Affinities of the m-Benzoquinone (BQ) Diradical and the o-, p-BQ Molecules: A Synergetic Photoelectron Spectroscopic and Theoretical Study, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2011, 115, 15, 3201-3207, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1120542 . [all data]

Schiedt and Weinkauf, 1999
Schiedt, J.; Weinkauf, R., Resonant Photodetachment via Shape and Feshbach Resonances: p-Benzoquinone Anions as a Model System, J. Chem. Phys., 1999, 110, 1, 304, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.478066 . [all data]

Siegert, Vogeler, et al., 2011
Siegert, S.; Vogeler, F.; Marian, C.M.; Weinkauf, R., Throwing light on dark states of alpha-oligothiophenes of chain lengths 2 to 6: radical anion photoelectron spectroscopy and excited-state theory, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 21, 10350-10363, https://doi.org/10.1039/c0cp02712j . [all data]

Heinis, Chowdhury, et al., 1988
Heinis, T.; Chowdhury, S.; Scott, S.L.; Kebarle, P., Electron Affinities of Benzo-, Naphtho-, and Anthraquinones Determined from Gas-Phase Equilibria Measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 2, 400, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00210a015 . [all data]

Fukuda and McIver, 1985
Fukuda, E.K.; McIver, R.T., Jr., Relative electron affinities of substituted benzophenones, nitrobenzenes, and quinones. [Anchored to EA(SO2) from 74CEL/BEN], J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 2291. [all data]

Marks, Comita, et al., 1985
Marks, J.; Comita, P.B.; Brauman, J.I., Threshold resonances in electron photodetachment spectra. Structural evidence for dipole-supported states, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 3718. [all data]

Cooper, Naff, et al., 1975
Cooper, C.D.; Naff, W.T.; Compton, R.N., Negative ion properties of p-benzoquinone: Electron affinity and compound states, J. Chem. Phys., 1975, 63, 2752. [all data]

Farragher and Page, 1966
Farragher, A.L.; Page, F.M., Experimental Determination of Electron Affinities. Part 9. - Benzoquinone, Chloranil and Related Compounds, Trans. Farad. Soc., 1966, 62, 3072, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9666203072 . [all data]

Lauer, Schafer, et al., 1975
Lauer, G.; Schafer, W.; Schweig, A., Assignment of the four lowest ionized states of p-benzoquinone and the question of "lone pair" splitting in this system, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1975, 33, 312. [all data]

Kobayashi, 1975
Kobayashi, T., Photoelectron spectra of p-benzoquinones, J. Electron. Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1975, 7, 349. [all data]

Kotov and Potapov, 1972
Kotov, B.V.; Potapov, V.K., Ionization potentials of strong organic electron acceptors, Khim. Vys. Energ., 1972, 6, 375. [all data]

Potapov and Sorokin, 1971
Potapov, V.K.; Sorokin, V.V., Photoionization and ion-molecule reactions in quinones and alcohols, High Energy Chem., 1971, 5, 435, In original 487. [all data]

Dewar and Worley, 1969
Dewar, M.J.S.; Worley, S.D., Photoelectron spectra of molecules. I. Ionization potentials of some organic molecules and their interpretation, J. Chem. Phys., 1969, 50, 654. [all data]

Terenin, 1961
Terenin, A., Charge transfer in organic solids, induced by light, Proc. Chem. Soc., London, 1961, 321. [all data]

Vilesov and Terenin, 1957
Vilesov, F.I.; Terenin, A.N., The photoionization of the vapors of certain organic compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1957, 115, 744, In original 539. [all data]

Bock, Mohmand, et al., 1983
Bock, H.; Mohmand, S.; Hirabayashi, T.; Maier, G.; Reisenauer, H.P., Photoelektronen-spektroskopischer nachweis und matrix-isolierung von thio-para-benzochinonen, Chem. Ber., 1983, 116, 273. [all data]

Dougherty and McGlynn, 1977
Dougherty, D.; McGlynn, S.P., Photoelectron spectroscopy of carbonyls. 1,4-Benzoquinones, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 3234. [all data]

Cowan, Gleiter, et al., 1971
Cowan, D.O.; Gleiter, R.; Hashmall, J.A.; Heilbronner, E.; Hornung, V., Interaction between the orbitals of lone pair electrons in dicarbonyl compounds, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1971, 10, 401. [all data]


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, References