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Phenol, 4-chloro-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-2917.9 ± 8.4kJ/molCcbSmith, Bjellerup, et al., 1953Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2912. ± 8. kJ/mol
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-2901.6 ± 8.4kJ/molCcbSmith, Bjellerup, et al., 1953Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2898.5 kJ/mol; "Supercooled"

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil492.9KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil492.90KN/ALecat, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus316.0KN/APoeti, Faneli, et al., 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap64.4 ± 0.3kJ/molGSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 318. - 351. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub77.1 ± 0.2kJ/molGSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 283. - 313. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
61.9335.GSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 318. - 351. K.; AC
60.6388.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 373. - 493. K.; AC
52.8338.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 323. - 493. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
322.9 - 493.4.929752278.849-30.80Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
60.8278.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 252. - 293. K.; AC
54. ± 1.297.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938ALS

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.067316.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH
14.07315.9Acree, 1991AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
44.51316.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Chlorine anion + Phenol, 4-chloro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol, 4-chloro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5ClO = (Cl- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M
Deltar126.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.5 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
81.6423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
87.9300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

C6H4ClO- + Hydrogen cation = Phenol, 4-chloro-

By formula: C6H4ClO- + H+ = C6H5ClO

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1435. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; Exptl «DELTA»Hf(AH) more stable than group additivity by ca. 8 kcal/mol; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1438. ± 9.6kJ/molG+TSKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1407. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; Exptl «DELTA»Hf(AH) more stable than group additivity by ca. 8 kcal/mol; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1409. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Phenol, 4-chloro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 4-chloro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5ClO = (Br- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102. ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.5 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
61.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Iodide + Phenol, 4-chloro- = (Iodide bullet Phenol, 4-chloro-)

By formula: I- + C6H5ClO = (I- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.8 ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.5 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
48.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C6H5ClO+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.07EICrable and Kearns, 1962RDSH
8.69PEBaker, May, et al., 1968Vertical value; RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C6H4ClO- + Hydrogen cation = Phenol, 4-chloro-

By formula: C6H4ClO- + H+ = C6H5ClO

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1435. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; Exptl «DELTA»Hf(AH) more stable than group additivity by ca. 8 kcal/mol; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1438. ± 9.6kJ/molG+TSKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1407. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; Exptl «DELTA»Hf(AH) more stable than group additivity by ca. 8 kcal/mol; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1409. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Bromine anion + Phenol, 4-chloro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 4-chloro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5ClO = (Br- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102. ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.5 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
61.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Chlorine anion + Phenol, 4-chloro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol, 4-chloro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5ClO = (Cl- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M
Deltar126.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.5 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
81.6423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
87.9300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Iodide + Phenol, 4-chloro- = (Iodide bullet Phenol, 4-chloro-)

By formula: I- + C6H5ClO = (I- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.8 ± 7.5kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.5 ± 4.2kJ/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
48.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1848
NIST MS number 228139

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Kammerer and Lewenz, 1968
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 7904
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 42.7
Boiling point 22.0

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Smith, Bjellerup, et al., 1953
Smith, L.; Bjellerup, L.; Krook, S.; Westermark, H., Heats of combustion of organic chloro compounds determined by the "quartz wool" method, Acta Chem. Scand., 1953, 7, 65. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Lecat, 1926
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 3rd list, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. B, 1926, 45, 284-94. [all data]

Poeti, Faneli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Faneli, E.; Braghetti, M.J., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, Therm. Anal., 1982, 24, 2, 273, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01913681 . [all data]

Verevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Emel'yanenko, Vladimir N.; Klamt, Andreas, Thermochemistry of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols: Ambient Temperature Vapor Pressures and Enthalpies of Phase Transitions, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2007, 52, 2, 499-510, https://doi.org/10.1021/je060429r . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H., Uber sublimationswarmen, Z. Phys. Chem., 1938, 39, 194-208. [all data]

Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Fanelli, E.; Braghetti, M., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, J. Therm. Anal., 1982, 24(2), 273-279. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Cummings, French, et al., 1977
Cummings, J.B.; French, M.A.; Kebarle, P., Effect of charge delocalization on hydrogen bonding to negative ions and solvation of negative ions. Substituted phenols and phenoxide ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 6999. [all data]

French, Ikuta, et al., 1982
French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1990
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities in the Gas Phase of the Hydrogen Bonded Complexes, YC6H4OH-X-, of Substituted Phenols, YC6H4OH, with the Halide Anions X-(Cl-, Br-), Can. J. Chem., 1990, 68, 11, 2070, https://doi.org/10.1139/v90-316 . [all data]

Fujio, McIver, et al., 1981
Fujio, M.; McIver, R.T., Jr.; Taft, R.W., Effects on the acidities of phenols from specific substituent-solvent interactions. Inherent substituent parameters from gas phase acidities, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 4017. [all data]

Kebarle and McMahon, 1977
Kebarle, P.; McMahon, T.B., Intrinsic Acidities of Substituted Phenols and Benzoic Acids Determined by Gas Phase Proton Transfer Equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7, 2222, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00449a032 . [all data]

Crable and Kearns, 1962
Crable, G.F.; Kearns, G.L., Effect of substituent groups on the ionization potentials of benzenes, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 436. [all data]

Baker, May, et al., 1968
Baker, A.D.; May, D.P.; Turner, D.W., Molecular photoelectron spectroscopy. Part VII. The vertical ionisation potentials of benzene and some of its monosubstituted and 1,4-disubstituted derivatives, J. Chem. Soc. B, 1968, 22. [all data]

Kammerer and Lewenz, 1968
Kammerer, H.; Lewenz, W., Zum additiven verhalten der C-Banden-Maxima mehrfach substituierter Phenole und anisole bei der absorption im UV -bereich, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A, 1968, 24, 2059-2069. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References