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p-Chloroaniline

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-797.9 ± 3.2kcal/molCcbZalikin, Kochetkov, et al., 1965ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-7.97kcal/molCcbMasalitinova, Oleinikova, et al., 1981ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-766.93 ± 0.45kcal/molCcbMasalitinova, Oleinikova, et al., 1981ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
35.21305.Zalikin, Kochetkov, et al., 1965T = 292 to 323 K. Mean value.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil505.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil505.45KN/APerkin, 1896Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus343. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap14.9 ± 0.1kcal/molGSVerevkin and Schick, 2003Based on data from 346. - 374. K.; AC
Deltavap11.70kcal/molVZalikin, Kochetkov, et al., 1965ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub19.2 ± 0.07kcal/molGSVerevkin and Schick, 2003Based on data from 291. - 337. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
12.5378.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 363. - 505. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
332.4 - 503.74.873052254.26-41.619Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
21.7293.MEStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 283. - 303. K. See also Swan and Mack, 1925.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
4.892342.8Verevkin and Schick, 2003See also Straka, Ruzicka, et al., 2007.; AC
4.04344.Khanna, Khetarpal, et al., 1983AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C6H5ClN- + Hydrogen cation = p-Chloroaniline

By formula: C6H5ClN- + H+ = C6H6ClN

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar360.4 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar353.1 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Benzenamine, 4-chloro-N-methyl- = 0.5p-Chloroaniline + 0.5Benzenamine, 4-chloro-N,N-dimethyl-

By formula: C7H8ClN = 0.5C6H6ClN + 0.5C8H10ClN

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.05kcal/molEqkMatvienko, Kachurin, et al., 1982liquid phase; Methanesulfonic acid; ALS

Urea, N,N'-bis(4-chlorophenyl)- = Benzene, 1-chloro-4-isocyanato- + p-Chloroaniline

By formula: C13H10Cl2N2O = C7H4ClNO + C6H6ClN

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.80 ± 0.26kcal/molEqkChimishkyan, Svetlova, et al., 1984solid phase; Dissociation; ALS

p-Chloroaniline + Maleic anhydride = Maleanilic acid, 4' chloro-

By formula: C6H6ClN + C4H2O3 = C10H8ClNO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.1kcal/molCmSrivastava, 1979solid phase; ALS

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 291216

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Zalikin, Kochetkov, et al., 1965
Zalikin, A.A.; Kochetkov, V.L.; Strepikheev, Yu.A., Some physical and physicochemical constants of m- and p-chloroaniline and of m- and p-chlorophenyl isocyanate, Khim. Prom. (Moscow), 1965, 41, 338. [all data]

Masalitinova, Oleinikova, et al., 1981
Masalitinova, T.N.; Oleinikova, T.P.; Ryadnenko, V.L.; Kiseleva, N.N.; Lebedeva, N.D., Thermal effects of the hydrogenation of chloronitrobenzenes, J. Appl. Chem. USSR, 1981, 54, 1551-1554, In original 1799. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Perkin, 1896
Perkin, W.H., LXIX. On Magnetic Rotatory Power, especially of Aromatic Compounds, J. Chem. Soc., 1896, 69, 1025-1257. [all data]

Verevkin and Schick, 2003
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Schick, Christoph, Determination of vapor pressures, enthalpies of sublimation, enthalpies of vaporization, and enthalpies of fusion of a series of chloro-aminobenzenes and chloro-nitrobenzenes, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2003, 211, 2, 161-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(03)00181-X . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Swan and Mack, 1925
Swan, Thomas H.; Mack, Edward, VAPOR PRESSURES OF ORGANIC CRYSTALS BY AN EFFUSION METHOD, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 8, 2112-2116, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01685a005 . [all data]

Straka, Ruzicka, et al., 2007
Straka, Martin; Ruzicka, Kvetoslav; Ruzicka, Vlastimil, Heat Capacities of Chloroanilines and Chloronitrobenzenes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2007, 52, 4, 1375-1380, https://doi.org/10.1021/je700080k . [all data]

Khanna, Khetarpal, et al., 1983
Khanna, M.S.; Khetarpal, S.C.; Lal, K.; Bhatnagar, H.L., Thermodynamic studies on melting of some o-, m-, and p-halogen derivatives of aniline, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., 1983, 20, 6, 503. [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]

Matvienko, Kachurin, et al., 1982
Matvienko, N.M.; Kachurin, O.I.; Chekhuta, V.G., Kinetics and equilibrium of the transalkylation reaction of N-methylarylamines, Russ. Chem. Rev., 1982, 48, 42-45. [all data]

Chimishkyan, Svetlova, et al., 1984
Chimishkyan, A.L.; Svetlova, L.P.; Leonova, T.V.; Gluyaev, N.D., Thermal decomposition of substituted ureas, J. Gen. Chem. USSR, 1984, 54, 1317-1320. [all data]

Srivastava, 1979
Srivastava, A.K., Solid-state reactions between maleic anhydride and substituted aromactic amines, Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 1979, 260, 630-640. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References