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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1045.Berezkin, Popova, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-1150.1052.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1052.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1052.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1034.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-101180.1033.1Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryHP-160.1037.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.1037.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.1050.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.1050.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryPS-255150.1049.Engewald, Billing, et al., 198850. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedSE-30150.1060.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30220.1073.Sellier, Tersac, et al., 1981Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-11063.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301059.Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980Chromosorb W HMDS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2.9 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M220.2089.Sellier, Tersac, et al., 1981Column length: 2. m
PackedPEG-2000200.2085.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-202093.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102126.Wong and Teng, 1994He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2050.Gaydou, Randriamiharisoa, et al., 198650. m/0.3 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 210. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-51077.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1098.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1075.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1085.Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 25. min
CapillarySE-541082.Schlutt B., Moran N., et al., 2007He, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1074.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryRTX-51062.4Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-51064.1Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51084.Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51084.Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1086.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51074.Mahajan, Goddik, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-51072.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1084.Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-11051.8Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-51070.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51079.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-541085.74Yin, Xiu, et al., 200135. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm
CapillarySE-541089.67Yin, Xiu, et al., 200135. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm
CapillarySE-541076.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-541078.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51080.Moio L., Rillo L., et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51081.Moio L., Rillo L., et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51082.Moio L., Rillo L., et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11059.Stashenko, Prada, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11056.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 150. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11054.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 150. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11064.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 0. min, 10. K/min
CapillaryDB-11066.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min
CapillaryDB-11048.Kaiser and Siegl, 199460. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, -50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-51074.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-541075.Weber, 198625. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySE-541078.Weber, 198625. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1093.Varlet, Serot, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C => 5C/min => 85C(1min) => 3C/min => 165C => 10C/min => 280C(3min)
CapillarySE-541080.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 4C/min => 140C => 20C/min => 240C(5min)
CapillaryVF-5MS1077.3Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 1C/min =>
CapillaryVF-5MS1076.Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 2C/min =>
CapillaryVF-5MS1075.3Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 4C/min =>
CapillaryDB-5MS1093.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1086.Bonaiti, Irlinger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(8min) => 3C/min => 20C => 10C/min => 150C(10min)
CapillaryLM-51081.7Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryDB-51077.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-51077.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillarySE-541076.Zimmermann and Schieberle, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 180C 20C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillarySE-541075.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541086.Kubícková and Grosch, 1997Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 4C/min => 250C (10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1075.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP2089.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2087.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryFFAP2053.Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 25. min
CapillaryFFAP2085.Schlutt B., Moran N., et al., 2007He, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax2076.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2090.Lopez-Galilea I., Fournier N., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2074.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-3512037.Bonvehí, 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102038.Chung, Fung, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 195. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2078.Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2078.Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2047.Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 200415. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2103.Mahajan, Goddik, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2059.Varming, Andersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2068.Varming, Petersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2077.Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102089.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2057.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2069.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2073.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102089.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102091.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102091.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryHP-Wax2117.Christensen, Jakobsen, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2081.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2083.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2100.00Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 10. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2094.21Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2100.99Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 10. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2092.27Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2091.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102087.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2079.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 58CB2052.Pabst, Barron, et al., 199130. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102090.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102090.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP2082.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2083.Munk, Johansen, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C(5min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2048.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2049.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryFFAP2100.Zimmermann and Schieberle, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 180C 20C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-102067.Schieberle and Grosch, 1988He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 60C/min => 50C (5min) => 4C/min => 220C
CapillaryFFAP2105.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-180.1060.Shimadzu, 2003, 260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-11055.Gruzdev, Kuzivanov, et al., 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryTR-11055.Gruzdev, Kuzivanov, et al., 2012, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51100.Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1074.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1070.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryZB-51081.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryDB-51075.Jardin, Jham, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 60. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 9. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1070.Bozi, Czagany, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-51069.Rout, Naik, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11051.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11055.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11052.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11041.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11051.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11053.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11056.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11044.Ueno, Masuda, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 80. C
CapillarySPB-51071.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1052.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51078.Czerny and Schieberle, 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51086.Diaz and Kite, 20025. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11052.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011060.Zenkevich and Rodin, 2002Nitrogen, 60. C @ 0. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryAT-11090.Kelling, 2001He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1074.Suriyaphan, Drake, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryBP-11047.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-541073.Ding, Deng, et al., 199835. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11070.Stashenko, Torres, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011051.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51080.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51081.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51082.Moio, Langlois, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-541086.Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryUltra-11044.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51104.Georgilopoulos and Gallois, 198830. m/0.35 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11048.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11046.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011048.Pinkston, Spiteller, et al., 1981H2, 80. C @ 7. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryOV-1011047.Spiteller and Spiteller, 1979He, 75. C @ 7. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS1071.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1077.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1077.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1093.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541074.Christlbauer and Schieberle, 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-51075.Prat, Trias, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 40 0C 2 0C/min -> 12 0C/min -> 105 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryZB-51079.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryNonpolar1068.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar1068.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar1070.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar1073.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar1080.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1080.Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -10 0C (3 min) 50 0C/min -> 40 0C 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-11046.Sung, Stone, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 120 0C (2 min( 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-11056.Senger-Emonnot, Rochard, et al., 200650. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C (25min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1076.Singh, Marimuthu, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 1.5C/min => 185C(1min) => 9C/min => 275C(2min)
CapillaryRTX-51060.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-51060.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-51075.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-51075.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1080.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1072.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51077.Steinhaus and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 K/min -> 190 0C 12 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillarySE-541074.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51075.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-51075.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-301051.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-51073.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1031.Counet, Callemien, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C=3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)1071.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS1087.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryHP-51056.Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-541069.Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541074.Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51083.Mateo, Aguirrezábal, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C(10min)
CapillaryDB-51082.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-51081.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-11050.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillaryRSL-1501053.Buchbauer, Nikiforov, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C => 6C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryDB-11057.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301059.Peterson, 1992Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541086.Um, Bailey, et al., 1992He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-11052.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11056.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541075.Blank, Fischer, et al., 198930. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryOV-1011051.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax160.2123.Shimadzu, 2003, 250. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP2071.Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryFFAP2077.Christlbauer and Schieberle, 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryInnowax2079.Kaypak and Avsar, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102073.Vichi, Romero, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 10. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2105.Wei A. and Shibamoto T., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 80. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2080.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2093.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2090.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2076.Lee, Umano, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2121.López, Ortín, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2071.Czerny and Schieberle, 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2096.Fu, Yoon, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2083.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2085.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryEC-10002100.Bendall, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-FFAP2068.Preininger and Ullrich, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2082.Suriyaphan, Drake, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2050.Parada, Duque, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2080.Parada, Duque, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2044.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2084.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M2050.Ding, Deng, et al., 19982. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySupelcowax2070.Näf and Velluz, 1998He, 5. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryTC-Wax2098.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2031.Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 199560. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2079.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2060.Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 199245. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2031.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2090.Seifert and King, 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryEC-10002100.Delabre and Bendall, 9999Program: not specified
CapillaryStabilwax2110.Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)2080.Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)2083.Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)2092.Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2100.Prat, Trias, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 40 0C 2 0C/min -> 12 0C/min -> 105 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-102056.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryFFAP2063.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySOLGel-Wax2060.Shu and Shen, 200830. m/0.53 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax2060.Shu and Shen, 200830. m/0.53 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2066.Tao, Wenlai, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2094.Kürkçüoglu, Hüsnü Can Baser, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2094.Tosun, Kürkcüoglu, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax2072.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(4min) => 2C/min => 170C(25min) => 10C/min => 210C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2078.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(4min) => 2C/min => 170C(25min) => 10C/min => 210C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2074.Steinhaus and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 K/min -> 190 0C 12 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2094.Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2077.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryNukol2087.López and Dufour, 2001N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(5min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 3C/min => 190C(40min)
CapillaryInnowax2094.Özcan, Akgül, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 200C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryPEG-20M2048.Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2054.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2055.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5177.37Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-5175.3Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min
CapillaryDB-5175.8Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min
CapillaryDB-5176.95Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5175.8Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Berezkin, Popova, et al., 1997
Berezkin, V.G.; Popova, T.P.; Shiryayeva, V.Ye.; Nomura, N., Gas-chromatographic separation of monoalkylphenols on polar and non-polar phases by means of capillary chromatography, Pet. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 37, 2, 161-167. [all data]

Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997
Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 1997, 76, 5, 415-423, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(97)85518-4 . [all data]

Cha and Lee, 1994
Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 1994, 38, 2, 108-120, retrieved from http://journal.kcsnet.or.kr/publi/dh/dh94n2/108.pdf. [all data]

Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 3/4, 138-146, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275894 . [all data]

Engewald, Billing, et al., 1988
Engewald, W.; Billing, U.; Topalova, I.; Petsev, N., Structure-retention correlations of alkylphenols in gas-liquid and gas-solid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 446, 71-77, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94419-4 . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Sellier, Tersac, et al., 1981
Sellier, F.; Tersac, G.; Guiochon, G., Étude de la polarité d'un poly(oxy aryl sulfonyl arylène) utilisé comme phase stationnaire en chromatographie gaz-liquide, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 219, 2, 213-224, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)87931-5 . [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 2), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980
Grzybowski, J.; Lamparczyk, H.; Nasal, A.; Radecki, A., Relationship between the retention indices of phenols on polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 196, 2, 217-223, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80441-0 . [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
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Notes

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