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p-Xylene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas17.9 ± 1.0kJ/molCcbProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
44.6750.Chao J., 1986Among the known statistically calculated values [ Pitzer K.S., 1943, Taylor W.J., 1946, Draeger J.A., 1981, Draeger, 1985], the recommended S(T) and Cp(T) values are in best agreement with the experimental data. With the exception of [ Draeger J.A., 1981], all calculations agree within 1.2 J/mol*K for S(T) and Cp(T). Discrepancy with Cp(1000 K) calculated by [ Draeger J.A., 1981] amounts to 4.7 J/mol*K.; GT
54.98100.
69.79150.
87.00200.
115.7273.15
126.0298.15
126.8300.
167.4400.
203.3500.
233.2600.
258.1700.
278.9800.
296.4900.
311.41000.
324.21100.
335.21200.
344.71300.
352.81400.
359.91500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
163.2 ± 1.7393.Hossenlopp I.A., 1981Please also see Pitzer K.S., 1943, Taylor W.J., 1946.; GT
166.52 ± 0.33398.15
175.82 ± 0.35423.15
178.2 ± 1.7428.
185.40 ± 0.37448.15
189.1 ± 1.7463.
194.17 ± 0.39473.15
202.92 ± 0.41498.15
211.09 ± 0.42523.15

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-24.4 ± 1.0kJ/molCcbProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4551.44 ± 0.50kJ/molCmCoops, Mulder, et al., 1946Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -4547.76 ± 0.50 kJ/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -25.8 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-4552.86 ± 0.92kJ/molCcbProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -24.4 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-4551.7kJ/molCcbRichards and Barry, 1915At 291 K; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -25.5 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-4565.9kJ/molCcbRichards and Jesse, 1910At 293 K; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -11.3 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid247.154J/mol*KN/AMesserly, Finke, et al., 1988DH
liquid243.51J/mol*KN/APitzer and Scott, 1943DH
liquid253.1J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 65.19 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
182.219298.15Messerly, Finke, et al., 1988T = 10 to 400 K.; DH
183.65298.15Tardajos, Aicart, et al., 1986DH
181.937298.15Fortier and Benson, 1979DH
181.9298.15Ott, Goates, et al., 1979T = 288.15 to 328.15 K.; DH
181.794298.15Fortier and Benson, 1977DH
181.55298.15Wilhelm, Grolier, et al., 1977DH
181.7298.15Hyder Khan and Subrahmanyam, 1971T = 298; 313 K.; DH
198.7336.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1958Mean value 21 to 106 C.; DH
181.6298.Corruccini and Ginnings, 1947T = 273 to 573 K.; DH
184.9298.Kurbatov, 1947T = 15 to 132 C, mean Cp, three temperatures.; DH
183.76298.15Pitzer and Scott, 1943T = 14 to 360 K.; DH
180.3299.0Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930T = 92 to 299 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
176.6303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 348 K. Equation only.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil411.4 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 59 out of 65 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus286.4 ± 0.2KAVGN/AAverage of 19 out of 22 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple286.400KN/AMesserly, Finke, et al., 1988, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Ttriple286.3KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc617. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 12 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc35. ± 2.barAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.378l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.65 ± 0.02mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
rhoc2.661mol/lN/AAkhundov and Imanov, 1970Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.644mol/lN/ASimon, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap42. ± 4.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 14 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
35.67411.5N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
40.3353.N/AHossenlopp and Archer, 1988AC
37.3426.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 411. - 463. K.; AC
36.1475.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 460. - 553. K.; AC
36.2566.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 551. - 616. K.; AC
42.4301.IP,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 286. - 453. K. See also Osborn and Douslin, 1974.; AC
36.0 ± 0.1411.CNatarajan and Viswanath, 1985AC
34.5 ± 0.1436.CNatarajan and Viswanath, 1985AC
30.5 ± 0.1484.CNatarajan and Viswanath, 1985AC
24.7 ± 0.1540.CNatarajan and Viswanath, 1985AC
37.3395.N/ACastellari, Francesconi, et al., 1982Based on data from 380. - 410. K.; AC
41.6318.N/AGaw and Swinton, 1968Based on data from 303. - 343. K.; AC
40.1347.MMWillingham, Taylor, et al., 1945Based on data from 332. - 413. K. See also Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 440.58.210.2768616.2Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
286.43 - 452.384.145531474.403-55.377Osborn and Douslin, 1974Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
420.00 - 600.004.509441788.91-13.902Ambrose, Broderick, et al., 1967Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
331.44 - 412.444.111381450.688-58.16Williamham, Taylor, et al., 1945 
298. - 333.4.448891644.214-40.229Pitzer and Scott, 1943Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
59.4271.N/AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 247. - 286. K. See also Osborn and Douslin, 1974.; AC
60.8286.BHessler and Lichtenstein, 1986AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
17.11746286.405Messerly, Finke, et al., 1988DH
17.100286.3Corruccini and Ginnings, 1947DH
17.113286.39Pitzer and Scott, 1943DH
17.11286.3Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
16.933286.3Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
59.77286.405Messerly, Finke, et al., 1988DH
59.73286.3Corruccini and Ginnings, 1947DH
59.75286.39Pitzer and Scott, 1943DH
59.14286.3Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H9Si+ + p-Xylene = (C3H9Si+ bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C8H10 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar147.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
49.4468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C8H9- + Hydrogen cation = p-Xylene

By formula: C8H9- + H+ = C8H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1598. ± 10.kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1568. ± 9.6kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

C6H7N+ + p-Xylene = (C6H7N+ bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C8H10 = (C6H7N+ bullet C8H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
24.322.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

C8H10+ + p-Xylene = (C8H10+ bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: C8H10+ + C8H10 = (C8H10+ bullet C8H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M

C9H12+ + p-Xylene = (C9H12+ bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: C9H12+ + C8H10 = (C9H12+ bullet C8H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + p-Xylene = (Chlorine anion bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: Cl- + C8H10 = (Cl- bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
16.300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet p-Xylene) + p-Xylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2p-Xylene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C8H10) + C8H10 = (Cr+ bullet 2C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar212. ± 29.kJ/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + p-Xylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: Cr+ + C8H10 = (Cr+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar180. ± 19.kJ/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.133800.LN/A 
0.174500.MN/A 
0.123000.XN/A 
0.16 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.125300.XN/A 
0.133500.XN/A 
0.14 LN/A 
0.16 VN/A 
0.235400.MN/A 
0.16 VBohon and Claussen, 1951 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C8H10+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.44 ± 0.05eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)794.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity766.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Reference Comment
0.001519 ± 0.000087Hammer, Diri, et al., 2003B

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
793.7Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM
790.5 ± 1.1Fernandez, Jennings, et al., 1989T = 370 - 750K; Reference Sprot(CH3)2O = 16.5 J/mol K in Hunter and Lias, 1998 needs to be re-evaluated; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
766.9Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM
771.3 ± 1.4Fernandez, Jennings, et al., 1989T = 370 - 750K; Reference Sprot(CH3)2O = 16.5 J/mol K in Hunter and Lias, 1998 needs to be re-evaluated; MM

Protonation entropy at 298K

Protonation entropy (J/mol*K) Reference Comment
44.2Fernandez, Jennings, et al., 1989T = 370 - 750K; Reference Sprot(CH3)2O = 16.5 J/mol K in Hunter and Lias, 1998 needs to be re-evaluated; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.52 ± 0.01EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.44PEBock, Kaim, et al., 1978LLK
8.80 ± 0.05EILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
8.37 ± 0.02PEMaier and Turner, 1973LLK
8.52CTSKinoshita, 1962RDSH
8.445PIBralsford, Harris, et al., 1960RDSH
8.44 ± 0.02PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
8.445 ± 0.015PIWatanabe, 1954RDSH
8.48SHammond, Price, et al., 1950RDSH
8.44PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.43PEKoenig, Tuttle, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK
8.6 ± 0.03PEKlessinger, 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C5H5+16.3 ± 0.2C2H2+CH3EITajima and Tsuchiya, 1973LLK
C7H7+11.5 ± 0.3?EIMcLafferty and Winkler, 1974LLK
C7H7+11.9 ± 0.2CH3EILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
C7H7+11.05 ± 0.05CH3PIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1968RDSH
C7H7+11.3 ± 0.1CH3EINounou, 1966RDSH
C8H9+12.1 ± 0.2HEILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
C8H9+11.35 ± 0.05HPIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1968RDSH
C8H9+11.9 ± 0.1HEITait, Shannon, et al., 1962RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C8H9- + Hydrogen cation = p-Xylene

By formula: C8H9- + H+ = C8H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1598. ± 10.kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1568. ± 9.6kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C3H9Si+ + p-Xylene = (C3H9Si+ bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C8H10 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar147.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
49.4468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C6H7N+ + p-Xylene = (C6H7N+ bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C8H10 = (C6H7N+ bullet C8H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.4kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
24.322.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; M

C8H10+ + p-Xylene = (C8H10+ bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: C8H10+ + C8H10 = (C8H10+ bullet C8H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M

C9H12+ + p-Xylene = (C9H12+ bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: C9H12+ + C8H10 = (C9H12+ bullet C8H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.3kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + p-Xylene = (Chlorine anion bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: Cl- + C8H10 = (Cl- bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
16.300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

Chromium ion (1+) + p-Xylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: Cr+ + C8H10 = (Cr+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar180. ± 19.kJ/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet p-Xylene) + p-Xylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2p-Xylene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C8H10) + C8H10 = (Cr+ bullet 2C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar212. ± 29.kJ/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. Lafferty


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 48
NIST MS number 228010

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-10.859.Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-110.848.4Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-120.855.2Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.852.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.850.5Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.852.3Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.856.7Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-5100.883.2Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-5120.888.1Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone150.874.28Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm
CapillarySqualane50.847.6Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane60.850.2Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.852.7Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane80.855.3Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane90.857.8Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane100.860.9Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane110.863.5Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryHP-10160.857.70Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-1100.867.5Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-1150.876.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.876.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.876.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryCP Sil 260.863.3Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCP Sil 280.871.2Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-160.857.1Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.857.0Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.857.4Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-160.857.6Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 1. «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.856.9Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 «mu»m
PackedSqualane100.863.Hongwei and Zhide, 1992H2, Silanized white support (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryHP-160.857.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.857.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.867.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.867.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySPB-160.856.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.866.8Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1120.871.3Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-190.866.7Maurer, Engewald, et al., 1990Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-160.866.Engewald, Maurer, et al., 1989 
CapillaryOV-145.854.2Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.859.Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane50.849.1Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.854.Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
PackedSqualane70.856.Safina, Poznyak, et al., 1989He, Risorb (0.2-0.3 mm); Column length: 2. m
CapillaryHP-160.879.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.881.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySqualane50.848.Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySqualane70.853.1Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.871.Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApolane120.890.Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.862.Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987 
CapillarySE-54115.886.Bermejo, Blanco, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySqualane115.865.Bermejo, Blanco, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane50.848.0Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.863.Wang and Sun, 1985Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm
PackedSE-30150.880.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.868.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.868.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10190.863.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane106.862.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillarySqualane96.859.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillaryDB-160.857.1Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.857.6Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillarySE-3070.860.8Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30100.868.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySE-30130.876.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.864.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.868.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.872.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.878.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillarySqualane86.859.Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.861.2Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.867.7Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.872.5Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.878.3Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-160.860.Nijs and Jacobs, 1981He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySE-3080.860.3Albaigés and Guardino, 1980He; Column length: 64. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.854.2Albaigés and Guardino, 1980He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane100.858.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane50.848.3Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.853.4Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane86.858.4Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.858.6Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.859.0Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.859.3Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.854.1Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.854.6Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.859.0Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.861.0Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.859.0Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.861.2Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.865.Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane100.861.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.861.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.855.73Soják and Rijks, 1976H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30110.882.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30120.886.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
CapillarySqualane100.868.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane50.849.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.854.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-3065.857.8Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane100.861.8Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 10.5 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)35.863.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)45.867.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)50.868.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)58.872.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)68.875.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillarySqualane70.850.Dimov and Schopov, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.908.Wagaman and Smith, 1971CH4; Column length: 3. m
CapillarySqualane80.858.1Wallaert, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane92.861.Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970N2; Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane115.865.5Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane115.864.9Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane86.858.1Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedApiezon L100.894.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedSqualane27.884.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.850.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.855.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.860.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.894.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L120.901.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L140.907.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L80.888.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedSqualane120.862.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane140.870.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-1863.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5860.Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993He, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.13 mm
CapillarySE-54861.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101853.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30859.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30861.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30863.Greenberg, 1981, 2He, 70. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 170. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-30864.Greenberg, 1981, 2He, 70. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 170. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101864.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101864.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L885.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100866.Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1859.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min
PackedApiezon M889.2Jalali-Heravi and Garkani-Nejad, 1993Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane864.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax100.1169.5Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryZB-Wax120.1180.4Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1123.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1123.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.1145.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1159.94Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M110.1165.00Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1169.77Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M70.1145.24Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.1149.89Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1152.22Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryPEG-20M70.1138.9Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1143.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1169.2Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1134.8Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1118.6Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedPEG-2000150.1189.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000152.1182.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.1163.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.1170.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000140.1178.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 400080.1156.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-201136.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101142.Wong and Tie, 1993He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5877.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5874.Deport, Ratel, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB864.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryHP-5878.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryPONA862.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySPB-5884.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1855.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH860.4Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5872.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB847.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillarySPB-5884.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5861.7Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5864.4Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5866.5Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-1849.3Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-5877.8Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB869.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5884.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5866.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB852.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryOV-101856.3Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB865.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySPB-5873.Verdier-Metz., Coulon, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryPONA845.7Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryPONA851.3Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryOV-1855.5Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-1855.4Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5869.3Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199660. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5861.7Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5864.4Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5866.5Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH853.96Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH854.41Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5865.Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-1855.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH854.75White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH854.85White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH855.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5863.Morinaga, Hara, et al., 199015. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 90. C
CapillaryUltra-1855.12Steward and Pitzer, 198850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-1859.7Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1856.Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1854.3Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 30. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillaryOV-101861.8Wang and Sun, 198726. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101853.7Wang and Sun, 198726. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101859.8Wang and Sun, 198726. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 8. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101864.7Wang and Sun, 198721.5 m/0.27 mm/2. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101855.9Wang and Sun, 198721.5 m/0.27 mm/0.14 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101860.8Wang and Sun, 1987, 226.5 m/0.25 mm/0.14 «mu»m, 70. C @ 4.08 min, 9. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101866.94Wang, Zhong, et al., 198724. m/0.26 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1842.Wu and Liou, 1986H2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 55. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryUltra-1851.35Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1854.04Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1855.80Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2865.82Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2868.78Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2870.79Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101867.Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 110. C
CapillaryOV-101871.Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 125. C
CapillaryOV-101862.Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-101863.Wang and Sun, 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-101865.Wang and Sun, 19854. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-101864.Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 95. C
CapillaryOV-101853.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS870.Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS875.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryDB-1863.Place, Imhof, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 45C (5min) => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5888.Engel, Baty, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min => 100C 15C/min => 150C (5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB872.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone879.49Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
CapillaryDB-1854.Mattinen, Tuominen, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
PackedSE-30875.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1129.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1134.Alasalvar, Taylor, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 203. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101142.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCarbowax1154.2Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1117.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101137.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101137.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1117.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1164.Beauchene, Grua-Priol, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 160. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1139.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1123.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1123.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 260. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101137.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1125.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1136.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1130.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1130.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1156.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1134.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101136.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1132.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1135.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1140.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1119.Frohlich and Schreier, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101136.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1119.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1119.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101137.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101140.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101126.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101129.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPEG-20M1156.5Wang and Sun, 198725. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1141.3Wang and Sun, 198725. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1150.6Wang and Sun, 198725. m/0.26 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 8. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1117.Wu and Liou, 1986H2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 55. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1153.2Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1143.4Wang and Sun, 19853. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1146.0Wang and Sun, 19854. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1143.9Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1148.7Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 90. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101130.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101127.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101129.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101130.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101130.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101125.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1120.Hallier, Prost, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 160C => 15C/min => 230C
CapillaryFFAP1152.Ranau, Kleeberg, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 220C(13.5min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1137.Alasalvar, Shahidi, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C => 2.5C/min => 155C
CapillaryDB-Wax1140.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1140.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.872.Chen and Feng, 2006 
CapillaryDB-160.856.Shimadzu, 2003, 260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane100.861.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillarySqualane100.868.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillaryOV-101100.866.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.868.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.870.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.872.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryMethyl Silicone50.852.N/AN2; Column length: 74.6 m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane100.860.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane40.845.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.853.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-10150.854.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryOV-10170.857.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryE-301100.870.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.864.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane95.4850.Sojak and Vigdergauz, 1978H2
CapillarySqualane110.865.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.890.Kavan, 1973Column length: 3.2 m
PackedDC-400150.874.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.870.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB862.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS865.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH858.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5868.Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS867.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS872.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryPONA861.Zhang, Ding, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5899.Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 200810. m/0.10 mm/0.40 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryVF-5MS856.Ghiasvand, Setkova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-5874.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5876.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1853.Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-1854.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-1853.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006, 250. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 120. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-1853.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006, 250. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillarySPB-5884.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1856.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-5870.Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-5884.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-5868.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySPB-1849.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1848.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5864.Isidorov and Jdanova, 20023. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5875.Kim and Lee, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5884.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5872.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5883.Tellez, Schrader, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-1864.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone857.41Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5868.Jung, Wichmann, et al., 199925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5872.Meynier, Novelli, et al., 199930. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1860.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101857.Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 250. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillaryDB-5865.Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-5875.8Wang and Fingas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS865.Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1854.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1859.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1860.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1849.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryOV-1852.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB851.Hartgers, Damste, et al., 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-101848.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101859.Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991Helium, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryDB-1853.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1853.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-1853.8Yin and Sun, 199012. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.395 min, 16. K/min
CapillaryHP-1847.7Yin and Sun, 199012. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.4 min, 4. K/min
CapillaryHP-1854.Yin and Sun, 199012. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.801 min, 8. K/min
CapillaryHP-1855.1Yin and Sun, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.8 min, 8. K/min
CapillaryHP-1854.9Yin and Sun, 199050. m/0.2 mm/0.11 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3.194 min, 6. K/min
CapillaryOV-101866.Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989He, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryOV-101860.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101861.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySqualane849.3Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.1 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane851.5Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.2 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane854.7Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.4 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane857.1Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.6 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane859.1Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.8 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane848.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.1 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane851.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.2 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane854.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.4 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane856.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.6 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane858.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.8 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1851.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101852.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySE-30854.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
PackedApiezon L832.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS862.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5881.Courtois, Paine, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C m6 0C/min -> 140 0C 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryHP-5875.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryNonpolar875.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar875.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar889.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5870.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5868.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5872.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone864.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryMDN-5866.Jelen and Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS864.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-5875.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5875.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-30860.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5864.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)861.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS888.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBP-1848.46Cooke, Hassoun, et al., 200150. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C => 49.9C/min => 5C(3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C(20 min)
CapillaryOV-101867.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1857.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5878.Madruga, Arruda, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone864.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1844.Yen and Lin, 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 40 - 80 0C at 2 0C/min 80 - 200 0C at 5 0C/min 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone863.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1870.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone863.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5904.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5873.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-1875.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillarySE-30861.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30867.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1855.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101866.Dimov, Osman, et al., 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1863.Schuberth, 199430. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1855.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySPB-1870.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1870.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1865.6Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 100C
CapillaryOV-1871.8Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
CapillaryOV-1871.3Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 6C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
CapillaryOV-1870.7Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1)1st 30m column temp ramp 3C/min 60-120 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 120C
CapillarySqualane861.9Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB868.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
Capillarymethyl silicone oil with 5% Igepal853.Schultz, Flath, et al., 1988Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
Capillarymethyl silicone oil with 5% Igepal855.Schultz, Flath, et al., 1988Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1846.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1853.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryOV-101860.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52876.van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.858.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1860.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
PackedSE-30874.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C910min) => 20C/min => 90(6min) => 10C/min => 150C(hold)
PackedSqualane864.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min => 35 => 4C/min => 95C(hold)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1165.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1176.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M60.1142.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.1153.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1155.Shimadzu, 2003, 250. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1150.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1154.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M120.1168.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M140.1178.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M60.1132.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M80.1141.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1119.Sutter, Peterson, et al., 1997 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax CB1136.Alves, da Penha, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 150. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1101.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1154.Shimadzu, 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1114.Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1137.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryBP-201149.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryStabilwax DA1111.Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1140.Narain, Almeida, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1113.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1149.Yanagimoto, Ochi, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1129.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1129.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101133.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101129.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1164.Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 180. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1146.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101142.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1131.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1138.Pollak and Berger, 199630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1133.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1132.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1115.Herain, MRAVEC, et al., 199170. C @ 21. min, 5. K/min, 150. C @ 999. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1132.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1132.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryBP-201140.MacLeod and Snyder, 198570. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1153.Cajka, Riddellova, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (1 min) 5 oC/min -> 170 0C 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (1 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1164.Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 190 0C (11 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1138.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1142.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-201173.Rodrigues, Caldera, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (2 min) 1.7 0C/min -> 180 0C (1 min) 25 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101137.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101127.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101129.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1120.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1120.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101142.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101123.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1140.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1139.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101137.Kim and Lee, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (7min) => 4C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1119.Ivanciuc, Ivanciuc, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1145.Piveteau, le Guen, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(6min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 240C (15min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1155.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryPEG-20M1139.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1132.Luning, de Rijk, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1138.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1155.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1110.Vernin, 1991Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1126.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1140.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1140.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol1150.MacLeod and Pieris, 1981Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5120.4Wang, Hou, et al., 200730. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5120.4Shao, Wang, et al., 200630. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS121.2Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS136.39Cheng, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 230 0C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Notes

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