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Benzene, 1-bromo-4-methyl-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid12.kJ/molCmHolm, 1973Grignard Rx

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil457.5KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil457.7KN/ALecat, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tboil456.95KN/APerkin, 1896Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tboil456.15KN/AKahlbaum, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; isomer not specifically identified; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus300. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
47.1335.N/ADykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999Based on data from 320. - 458. K.; AC
55.3288.N/ADykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999Based on data from 273. - 472. K.; AC
45.8373.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 358. - 523. K. See also Dykyj and Vanko, 1970 and Kkykj and Repas, 1973.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
283.4 - 457.76.404753516.11192.523Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
15.13301.2van Miltenburg, Alvarez-Larena, et al., 1996AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C7H6Br- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1-bromo-4-methyl-

By formula: C7H6Br- + H+ = C7H7Br

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1564. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSWenthold, Wierschke, et al., 1994gas phase; Between MeOCH2CH2OH and tBuCH2OH, near CH2Cl2
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1533. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBWenthold, Wierschke, et al., 1994gas phase; Between MeOCH2CH2OH and tBuCH2OH, near CH2Cl2

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
0.43 VN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.68 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)775.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity745.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.42PEBaidin, Misharev, et al., 1985LBLHLM
8.68 ± 0.01EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.67PEJohnstone and Mellon, 1973LLK
8.7 ± 0.1EITajima and Tsuchiya, 1972LLK
8.71PEBaker, May, et al., 1968RDSH
8.67 ± 0.02PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
8.76PEBaidin, Misharev, et al., 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C5H5+15.2 ± 0.2C2H2+BrEITajima and Tsuchiya, 1973LLK
C5H5+15.23 ± 0.15C2H2+BrEITajima and Tsuchiya, 1972LLK
C7H6Br+12.48HEIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH
C7H7+11.1 ± 0.3?EIMcLafferty and Winkler, 1974LLK
C7H7+11.2 ± 0.1?EITajima and Tsuchiya, 1972LLK
C7H7+11.30BrEIHowe and Williams, 1969RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C7H6Br- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1-bromo-4-methyl-

By formula: C7H6Br- + H+ = C7H7Br

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1564. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSWenthold, Wierschke, et al., 1994gas phase; Between MeOCH2CH2OH and tBuCH2OH, near CH2Cl2; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1533. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBWenthold, Wierschke, et al., 1994gas phase; Between MeOCH2CH2OH and tBuCH2OH, near CH2Cl2; B

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chuck Anderson, Aldrich Chemical Co.
NIST MS number 107649

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Holm, 1973
Holm, T., Thermochemistry of Grignard reagents. Enthalpies of formation of alkylmagnesium bromides and of alkyl bromides, J. Organomet. Chem., 1973, 56, 87-93. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Lecat, 1927
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 7th list, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. B, 1927, 47, 108-14. [all data]

Perkin, 1896
Perkin, W.H., LXIX. On Magnetic Rotatory Power, especially of Aromatic Compounds, J. Chem. Soc., 1896, 69, 1025-1257. [all data]

Kahlbaum, 1884
Kahlbaum, G.W.A., The dependence of Boiling Temperature on Air Pressure, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1884, 17, 1245. [all data]

Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999
Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.L.; Hall, K.R., Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Part A. Vapor Pressure and Antoine Constants for Hydrocarbons and Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium and Hydrogen Containing Organic Compounds, Springer, Berlin, 1999, 373. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj and Vanko, 1970
Dykyj, J.; Vanko, A., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 1, 3. [all data]

Kkykj and Repas, 1973
Kkykj, J.; Repas, M., Petrochemia, 1973, 13, 179. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

van Miltenburg, Alvarez-Larena, et al., 1996
van Miltenburg, J.C.; Alvarez-Larena, A.; Labrador, M.; Palacios, L.; Rodriguez-Romero, J.; Tauler, E.; Estop, E., The thermal properties of three (Cl-, Br-, I-) para-halotoluenes. Formation of glassy crystals, Thermochimica Acta, 1996, 273, 31-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)02596-0 . [all data]

Wenthold, Wierschke, et al., 1994
Wenthold, P.G.; Wierschke, S.G.; Nash, J.J.; Squires, R.R., Biradical thermochemistry from collision-induced dissociation threshold energy measurements .2. Experimental and theoretical studies of the Mechanism and Thermochemistry of Formation of alph, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 16, 7378, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00095a048 . [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Baidin, Misharev, et al., 1985
Baidin, V.N.; Misharev, A.D.; Takhistov, V.V., Effect of alkyl substituents on the ionization potentials of halogenobenzenes, Zh. Org. Khim., 1985, 21, 817. [all data]

Lias and Ausloos, 1978
Lias, S.G.; Ausloos, P.J., eIonization energies of organic compounds by equilibrium measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 6027. [all data]

Johnstone and Mellon, 1973
Johnstone, R.A.W.; Mellon, F.A., Effects of induction and resonance in the calculation of ionization potentials of substituted benzenes by perturbation molecular orbital theory, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1973, 69, 36. [all data]

Tajima and Tsuchiya, 1972
Tajima, S.; Tsuchiya, T., The effects of the repeller voltage and the shield voltage on appearance potential measurements by electron impact, Shitsuryo Bunseki, 1972, 20, 117. [all data]

Baker, May, et al., 1968
Baker, A.D.; May, D.P.; Turner, D.W., Molecular photoelectron spectroscopy. Part VII. The vertical ionisation potentials of benzene and some of its monosubstituted and 1,4-disubstituted derivatives, J. Chem. Soc. B, 1968, 22. [all data]

Watanabe, 1957
Watanabe, K., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 26, 542. [all data]

Tajima and Tsuchiya, 1973
Tajima, S.; Tsuchiya, T., Energetics consideration of C5H5+ ions produced from various precursors by electron impact, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1973, 46, 3291. [all data]

Howe and Williams, 1969
Howe, I.; Williams, D.H., Calculation and qualitative predictions of mass spectra. Mono- and paradisubstituted benzenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1969, 91, 7137. [all data]

McLafferty and Winkler, 1974
McLafferty, F.W.; Winkler, J., Gaseous tropylium, benzyl, tolyl, and norbornadienyl cations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1974, 96, 5182. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References