Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Propanoic acid, propyl ester

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-847.3kcal/molCcbSchjanberg, 1935Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -126.9 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
54.732298.38Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987T = 294 to 367 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
54.171298.15Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil396. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 13 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus197.3KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc571.0KN/AYoung, 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc568.6KN/AQuadri and Kudchadker, 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tc578.KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc563.7KN/ADe Heen, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Tc578.0KN/APawlewski, 1882Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 8. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc30.20atmN/AQuadri and Kudchadker, 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.30 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap10.39kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap8.50 ± 0.003kcal/molVMathews, 1926ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
8.494395.6N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
8.99392.N/AOrtega and Galvan, 1994Based on data from 378. - 406. K.; AC
9.54351.N/AFárková and Wichterle, 1993Based on data from 336. - 394. K.; AC
10.3274.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 259. - 396. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC
10.1 ± 0.02313.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
9.82 ± 0.02328.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
9.56 ± 0.02343.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
9.27 ± 0.02358.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
313. - 358.15.780.337578.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
258.9 - 395.64.556261607.568-42.738Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
2.6 VN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.96PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

IR spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chuck Anderson, Aldrich Chemical Co.
NIST MS number 107279

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.792.6Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillaryDB-180.778.99Mijin and Antonovic, 200630. m/0.256 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-580.800.Mijin and Antonovic, 200660. m/0.321 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30100.795.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.785.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.807.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.794.Horna, Táborský, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 19. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.792.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.792.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983, 2Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedApiezon L120.752.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.759.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L70.752.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
PackedSE-30150.789.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.797.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30100.792.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.787.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedApiezon L130.751.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L70.752.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1796.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1796.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30789.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-351100.1065.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351120.1064.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1039.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySP-1000100.1042.Horna, Táborský, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 46. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1040.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1050.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1792.4Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillarySE-52814.de Pooter, Montens, et al., 1983He, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 10. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5807.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryBPX-5809.Bauchot, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He; Program: 0 0C (8 min) -> (1 min) -> 50 0C (2 min) 2.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1047.Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1080.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101056.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101802.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5811.Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101785.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon L814.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-5809.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryVB-5807.Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 4C/min => 175C => 10C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30789.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5801.Thierry, Maillard, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30785.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS810.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone789.N/AProgram: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone793.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101025.Chin, Nazimah, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 50. K/min, 240. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1043.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1010.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1008.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1032.Rowan, Hunt, et al., 200920. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 2/9 0C/min -> 100 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1045.Mattheis, Fan, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1023.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1059.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Schjanberg, 1935
Schjanberg, E., Die Verbrennungswarmen und die Refraktionsdaten einiger chlorsubstituierter Fettsauren und Ester., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. A, 1935, 172, 197-233. [all data]

Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987
Zabransky, M.; Hynek, V.; Finkeova-Hastabova, J.; Vesely, F., Heat capacities of six liquid esters as a function of temperature, Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm., 1987, 52, 251-256. [all data]

Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986
Jimenez, E.; Romani, L.; Paz Andrade, M.I.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Molar excess heat capacities and volumes for mixtures of alkanoates with cyclohexane at 25°C, J. Solution Chem., 1986, 15(11), 879-890. [all data]

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Young, 1994
Young, C.L., Personal Commun. 1994 1994, 1994. [all data]

Quadri and Kudchadker, 1991
Quadri, S.K.; Kudchadker, A.P., Measurement of the critical temperatures and critical pressures of some thermally stable or mildly unstable esters, ketones, and ethers, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1991, 23, 129-34. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

De Heen, 1888
De Heen, P., Research on Physics and Theory of Liquids, Experimental Part Paris, 1888. [all data]

Pawlewski, 1882
Pawlewski, B., The critical temperatures of ester compounds, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1882, 15, 2460-4. [all data]

Mathews, 1926
Mathews, J.H., The accurate measurement of heats of vaporization of liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 562-576. [all data]

Ortega and Galvan, 1994
Ortega, Juan; Galvan, Salvador, Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Propyl Propanoate with 1-Alkanols at 101.32 kPa of Pressure, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1994, 39, 4, 907-910, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00016a061 . [all data]

Fárková and Wichterle, 1993
Fárková, J.; Wichterle, I., Vapour pressures of some ethyl and propyl esters of fatty acids, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1993, 90, 1, 143-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(93)85009-B . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Svoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980
Svoboda, Václav; Uchytilová, Vera; Majer, Vladimír; Pick, Jirí, Heats of vaporization of alkyl esters of formic, acetic and propionic acids, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1980, 45, 12, 3233-3240, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19803233 . [all data]

Benoit and Harrison, 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G., Predictive value of proton affinity. Ionization energy correlations involving oxygenated molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 3980. [all data]

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Mijin and Antonovic, 2006
Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2006, 71, 6, 629-637, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0606629M . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 319, 131-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90548-5 . [all data]

Horna, Táborský, et al., 1985
Horna, A.; Táborský, J.; Churácek, J.; Dufka, O., Chromatography of monomers. IV. Gas-liquid chromatographic studies of C1-C6 n-alkyl and C3-C6 isoalkyl acrylates and their hydrogen halide and halogen addition derivatives, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 348, 141-149, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92447-1 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. IV. Separation of homologous series of certain halogenopropyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 281, 299-303, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87889-4 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983, 2
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 262, 316-320, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88112-7 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269018 . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 2, 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00092a031 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Sun and Stremple, 2003
Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com/cag/cabu/pdf/b-0279.pdf. [all data]

de Pooter, Montens, et al., 1983
de Pooter, H.L.; Montens, J.P.; Willaert, G.A.; Dirinck, P.J.; Schamp, N.M., Treatment of golden delicious apples with aldehydes and carboxylic acids: effect on the headspace composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 4, 813-818, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00118a034 . [all data]

Beaulieu and Grimm, 2001
Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1345-1352, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0005768 . [all data]

Bauchot, Mottram, et al., 1998
Bauchot, A.D.; Mottram, D.S.; Dodson, A.T.; John, P., Effect of aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase antisense gene on the formation of volatile esters in cantaloupe charentais melon (Cv. Védrandais), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 11, 4787-4792, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980692z . [all data]

Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 2006
Kourkoutas, D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the volatile compositions and flavour properties of cantaloupe, Galia and honeydew muskmelons, Food Chem., 2006, 97, 1, 95-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.03.026 . [all data]

Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 2005
Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 2005, 15, 6-9, 741-758, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idairyj.2004.11.007 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Ukolov, A.I., Identification of the products of nonregioselective organic reactions by chromatography - mass spectrometry: chloro derivatives of dialkyl ethers, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 2011, 66, 14, 1445-1454, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934811140218 . [all data]

Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 2006
Isidorov, V.; Purzynska, A.; Modzelewska, A.; Serowiecka, M., Distribution coefficients of aliphatic alcohols, carbonyl compounds and esters between air and Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber coating, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 560, 1-2, 103-109, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2005.12.043 . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979
Dahlmann, G.; Köser, H.J.K.; Oelert, H.H., Multiple korrelation von retentionsindizes, Chromatographia, 1979, 12, 10, 665-671, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02302943 . [all data]

Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 2009
Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored Fuji Kiki-8 apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4931-4938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9003576 . [all data]

Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 2007
Karlshøj, K.; Nielsen, P.V.; Larsen, T.O., Prediction of Penicillium expansum Spoilage and Patulin Concentration in Apples Used for Apple Juice Production by Electronic Nose Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 11, 4289-4298, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070134x . [all data]

Liu, Liang, et al., 2007
Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1307-1315, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.038 . [all data]

Thierry, Maillard, et al., 2005
Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Bonnarme, P.; Roussel, E., The addition of Propionibacterium freudenreichii to raclette cheese induces biochemical changes and enhances flavor development, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 10, 4157-4165, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0481195 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 2001
Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasarán, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 2001, 34, 1, 67-75, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(00)00133-2 . [all data]

Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999
Estrada, E.; Gutierrez, Y., Modeling chromatographic parameters by a novel graph theoretical sub-structural approach, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 858, 2, 187-199, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00808-0 . [all data]

Chin, Nazimah, et al., 2007
Chin, S.T.; Nazimah, S.A.H.; Quek, S.Y.; Che Man, Y.B.; Rahman, R.A.; Hashim, D.M., Analysis of volatile compounds from Malaysian durians (Durio zibethinus) using headspace SPME coupled to fast GC-MS, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2007, 20, 1, 31-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.04.011 . [all data]

Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002
Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Osajima, Y., Analysis of aromatic volatile compounds in 'Miyabi' melon (Cucumis melo L.) using the Porapak Q column, J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 2002, 71, 4, 517-525, https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.71.517 . [all data]

Rowan, Hunt, et al., 2009
Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Dimouro A.; Alspach P.A.; Weskett R.; Volz, R.K.; Gardiner, S.E.; Chagne, D., Profiling fruit volatiles in the progeny of a Royal Gala x Granny Smith apple (Malus x domestica) cross, J. Agr. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 17, 7953-7961, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901678v . [all data]

Mattheis, Fan, et al., 2005
Mattheis, J.P.; Fan, X.; Argenta, L.C., Interactive Responses of Gala Apple Fruit Volatile Production to Controlled Atmosphere Storage and Chemical Inhibition of Ethylene Action, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4510-4516, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050121o . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References