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Propanoic acid, propyl ester

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-847.3kcal/molCcbSchjanberg, 1935Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -126.9 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
54.732298.38Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987T = 294 to 367 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
54.171298.15Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil396. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 13 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus197.3KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc571.0KN/AYoung, 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc568.6KN/AQuadri and Kudchadker, 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tc578.KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc563.7KN/ADe Heen, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Tc578.0KN/APawlewski, 1882Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 8. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc30.20atmN/AQuadri and Kudchadker, 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.30 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap10.39kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap8.50 ± 0.003kcal/molVMathews, 1926ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
8.494395.6N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
8.99392.N/AOrtega and Galvan, 1994Based on data from 378. - 406. K.; AC
9.54351.N/AFárková and Wichterle, 1993Based on data from 336. - 394. K.; AC
10.3274.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 259. - 396. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC
10.1 ± 0.02313.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
9.82 ± 0.02328.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
9.56 ± 0.02343.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
9.27 ± 0.02358.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
313. - 358.15.780.337578.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
258.9 - 395.64.556261607.568-42.738Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chuck Anderson, Aldrich Chemical Co.
NIST MS number 107279

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Schjanberg, 1935
Schjanberg, E., Die Verbrennungswarmen und die Refraktionsdaten einiger chlorsubstituierter Fettsauren und Ester., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. A, 1935, 172, 197-233. [all data]

Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987
Zabransky, M.; Hynek, V.; Finkeova-Hastabova, J.; Vesely, F., Heat capacities of six liquid esters as a function of temperature, Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm., 1987, 52, 251-256. [all data]

Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986
Jimenez, E.; Romani, L.; Paz Andrade, M.I.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Molar excess heat capacities and volumes for mixtures of alkanoates with cyclohexane at 25°C, J. Solution Chem., 1986, 15(11), 879-890. [all data]

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Young, 1994
Young, C.L., Personal Commun. 1994 1994, 1994. [all data]

Quadri and Kudchadker, 1991
Quadri, S.K.; Kudchadker, A.P., Measurement of the critical temperatures and critical pressures of some thermally stable or mildly unstable esters, ketones, and ethers, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1991, 23, 129-34. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

De Heen, 1888
De Heen, P., Research on Physics and Theory of Liquids, Experimental Part Paris, 1888. [all data]

Pawlewski, 1882
Pawlewski, B., The critical temperatures of ester compounds, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1882, 15, 2460-4. [all data]

Mathews, 1926
Mathews, J.H., The accurate measurement of heats of vaporization of liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 562-576. [all data]

Ortega and Galvan, 1994
Ortega, Juan; Galvan, Salvador, Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Propyl Propanoate with 1-Alkanols at 101.32 kPa of Pressure, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1994, 39, 4, 907-910, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00016a061 . [all data]

Fárková and Wichterle, 1993
Fárková, J.; Wichterle, I., Vapour pressures of some ethyl and propyl esters of fatty acids, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1993, 90, 1, 143-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(93)85009-B . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Svoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980
Svoboda, Václav; Uchytilová, Vera; Majer, Vladimír; Pick, Jirí, Heats of vaporization of alkyl esters of formic, acetic and propionic acids, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1980, 45, 12, 3233-3240, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19803233 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References