Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Butanoic acid, 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl ester, (E)-


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1565.Jalali-Heravi, Zekavat, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-11531.Rajeswara Rao, Kaul, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min, 245. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11531.Rao, Kaul, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min, 245. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11531.Raina, Srivastava, et al., 200225. m/0.55 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1534.Rajeswara Rao, Kaul, et al., 200250. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBP-11534.Rajeswara Rao, 200225. m/0.5 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11534.Rao B.R.R., 200225. m/0.5 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11532.Jain, Aggarwal, et al., 200125. m/0.55 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-11529.Rajeswara Rao, 200125. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51562.Adams, 200030. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-11534.Rao, Kaul, et al., 2000N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11534.Rao, Sastry, et al., 200025. m/0.50 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11534.Kulkarni, Mallavarapu, et al., 1998N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1532.Mallavarapu, Rao, et al., 1998N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-11535.Riu-Aumatell, Castellari, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51564.Sibanda, Chigwada, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C
CapillaryBP-11543.Raina, Srivastava, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C => 5C/min => 220C(5min) => 3C/min => 245C(5min)
CapillaryHP-51562.Shellie and Marriott, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51562.Adams, 199830. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1904.ter Heide, 1968N2, Embacel; Column length: 2.5 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Wax1906.Gauvin, Lecomte, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1907.Kulkarni, Mallavarapu, et al., 1998N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1889.Randriamiharisoa and Gaydou, 1987He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1833.Bernhard, Shibamoto, et al., 19833. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1836.Bernhard, Shibamoto, et al., 19833. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11559.Sonboli, Azizian, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11534.Ramezani, Behravan, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 265. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1555.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1570.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBP-11537.Raina, Kumar, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 13. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51565.Shellie and Marriott, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11536.9Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryHP-11540.Nath, Sarma, et al., 200224. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51554.Couladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 380. C
CapillaryHP-51562.Song, Sawamura, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-11539.4Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11542.6Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1563.6Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1564.Sacchetti, Maietti, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51564.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 280C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-11534.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51549.El-Massry, El-Ghorab, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-11565.Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 200750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11556.Sonboli, Kanani, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1562.Farah, Afifi, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryFSOT-RSL-2001564.Jirovetz, Eller, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryNB-301523.Orav, Raal, et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51566.Pintore G., Chessa M., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1544.Schirack, Drake, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51563.Kalvandi, Sefidkon, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51558.Miyazawa, Fuhita, et al., 2004Helium, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 999. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51558.Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2004Helium, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 999. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11549.Palá-Paúl, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryBP-11534.Gupta, Mallavarapu, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-11540.Vijayanand, Rao, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBP-11529.Rajeswara, Kaul, et al., 1996N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11531.Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11544.Albano, Lima, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryRTX-11530.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1562.Sharififar, Mozaffarian, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1562.Judpentienë and Mockutë, 200450. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 5C/min => 160C(1min) => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-301532.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11544.Baratta, Dorman, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 240C (10min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1877.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryNB-20M1877.Orav, Raal, et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1888.Schirack, Drake, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1872.Babu and Kaul, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 190. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1872.Chagonda, Makanda, et al., 200050. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1900.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1890.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1871.Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1872.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax1901.Baser, Demirci, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryInnowax1901.Baser, Nuriddinov, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Jalali-Heravi, Zekavat, et al., 2006
Jalali-Heravi, M.; Zekavat, B.; Sereshti, H., Characterization of essential oil components of Iranian geranium oil using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometric resolution techniques, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1114, 1, 154-163, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.02.034 . [all data]

Rajeswara Rao, Kaul, et al., 2005
Rajeswara Rao, B.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Chemical profiles of primary and secondary essential oils of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats var. motia Burk.), Ind. Crops Prod., 2005, 21, 1, 121-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2004.02.002 . [all data]

Rao, Kaul, et al., 2005
Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Chemical profiles of primary and secondary essential oils of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats var. motia Burk.), Ind. Crops Prod., 2005, 21, 1, 121-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2004.02.002 . [all data]

Raina, Srivastava, et al., 2002
Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Ahmad, A.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Aggarwal, K.K., Essential oil composition of Curcuma longa L. cv. Roma from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 2, 99-102, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1053 . [all data]

Rajeswara Rao, Kaul, et al., 2002
Rajeswara Rao, B.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Water soluble fractions of rose scented geranium (Pelargonium species) essential oil, Bioresour. Technol., 2002, 84, 3, 243-246, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00057-3 . [all data]

Rajeswara Rao, 2002
Rajeswara Rao, B.R., Biomass yield, essential oil yield and essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium species) as influenced by row spacings and intercropping with cornmint (Mentha arvensis L.f. piperascens Malinv. ex Holmes), Ind. Crops Prod., 2002, 16, 2, 133-144, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(02)00038-9 . [all data]

Rao B.R.R., 2002
Rao B.R.R., Biomass yield, essential oil yield and essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium species) as influenced by row spacings and intercropping with cornmint (Mentha arvensis L.f. piperascens Malinv. ex Holmes), Industrial Crops and Products, 2002, 16, 2, 133-144, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(02)00038-9 . [all data]

Jain, Aggarwal, et al., 2001
Jain, N.; Aggarwal, K.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Srivastava, S.K.; Kumar, S., Essential oil composition of geranium (Pelargonium sp.) from the plains of Northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 1, 44-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<44::AID-FFJ943>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Rajeswara Rao, 2001
Rajeswara Rao, B.R., Biomass and essential oil yields of rainfed palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. var. motia Burk.) supplied with different levels of organic manure and fertilizer nitrogen in semi-arid tropical climate, Ind. Crops Prod., 2001, 14, 3, 171-178, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(01)00081-4 . [all data]

Adams, 2000
Adams, R.P., Systematics of Juniperus section Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 6, 515-528, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00089-7 . [all data]

Rao, Kaul, et al., 2000
Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Ramesh, S., First observation of little leaf disease and its impact on the yield and composition of the essential oil of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 137-140, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<137::AID-FFJ880>3.0.CO;2-A . [all data]

Rao, Sastry, et al., 2000
Rao, B.R.R.; Sastry, K.P.; Saleem, S.M.; Rao, E.V.S.P.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Volatile flower oils of three genotypes of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 2, 105-107, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200003/04)15:2<105::AID-FFJ875>3.0.CO;2-G . [all data]

Kulkarni, Mallavarapu, et al., 1998
Kulkarni, R.N.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Baskaran, K.; Ramesch, S.; Kumar, S., Composition of the essential oils of two isomenthone-rich variants of geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 6, 389-392, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199811/12)13:6<389::AID-FFJ757>3.0.CO;2-2 . [all data]

Mallavarapu, Rao, et al., 1998
Mallavarapu, G.R.; Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Ramesh, S.; Bhattacharya, A.K., Volatile constituents of the essential oils of the seeds and the herb of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. var. motia Burk.), Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 167-169, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<167::AID-FFJ719>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Castellari, et al., 2004
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Castellari, M.; López-Tamames, E.; Galassi, S.; Buxaderas, S., Characterisation of volatile compounds of fruit juices and nectars by HS/SPME and GC/MS, Food Chem., 2004, 87, 4, 627-637, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.12.033 . [all data]

Sibanda, Chigwada, et al., 2004
Sibanda, S.; Chigwada, G.; Poole, M.; Gwebu, E.T.; Noletto, J.A.; Schmidt, J.M.; Rea, A.I.; Setzer, W.N., Composition and bioactivity of the leaf essential oil of Heteropyxis dehniae from Zimbabwe, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2004, 92, 1, 107-111, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.02.010 . [all data]

Raina, Srivastava, et al., 2003
Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Aggarwal, K.K.; Syamasunder, K.V.; Khanuja, S.P.S., Essential oil composition of Cymbopogon martinii from different places in India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 312-315, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1222 . [all data]

Shellie and Marriott, 2003
Shellie, R.A.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of Pelargonium graveolens essential oil using rapid scanning quadrupole mass spectrometry, Analyst, 2003, 128, 7, 879-883, https://doi.org/10.1039/b304371a . [all data]

Adams, 1998
Adams, R.P., The essential oils and chemotaxonomy of Juniperus sect. Juniperus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1998, 26, 6, 637-645, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00020-9 . [all data]

ter Heide, 1968
ter Heide, R., Studies on terpenes. II. Characterization of monoterpene esters by gas and thin-layer chromatography, Z. Anal. Chem., 1968, 236, 215-227. [all data]

Gauvin, Lecomte, et al., 2004
Gauvin, A.; Lecomte, H.; Smadja, J., Comparative investigations of the essential oils of two scented geranium (Pelargonium spp.) cultivars grown on Reunion Island, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 455-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1354 . [all data]

Randriamiharisoa and Gaydou, 1987
Randriamiharisoa, R.P.; Gaydou, E.M., Composition of Palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii) essential oil from Madagascar, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 1, 62-66, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00073a015 . [all data]

Bernhard, Shibamoto, et al., 1983
Bernhard, R.A.; Shibamoto, T.; Yamaguchi, K.; White, E., The volatile constituents of Schinus molle L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 2, 463-466, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00116a075 . [all data]

Sonboli, Azizian, et al., 2007
Sonboli, A.; Azizian, D.; Yousefzadi, M.; Kanani, M.R.; Mehrabian, A.R., Volatile constituents and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Tetrataenium lasiopetalum (Apiaceae) from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 119-122, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1767 . [all data]

Ramezani, Behravan, et al., 2006
Ramezani, M.; Behravan, J.; Yazdinezhad, A., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the volatile oil of Artemisia kopetdaghensis Krasch., M.Pop. Linecz ex Poljak from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 6, 869-871, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1644 . [all data]

Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006
Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1104, 1-2, 313-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.087 . [all data]

Raina, Kumar, et al., 2004
Raina, V.K.; Kumar, A.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Kahol, A.P., Essential oil composition of 'kewda' (Pandanus odoratissimus) from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 434-436, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1331 . [all data]

Sun and Stremple, 2003
Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com/cag/cabu/pdf/b-0279.pdf. [all data]

Nath, Sarma, et al., 2002
Nath, S.C.; Sarma, K.K.; Vajezikova, I.; Leclercq, P.A., Comparison of volatile inflorescence oils and taxonomy of certain Cymbopogon taxa described as Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) Wats., Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2002, 30, 2, 151-162, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(01)00066-7 . [all data]

Couladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 2001
Couladis, M.; Tsortanidou, V.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Harvala, C., Composition of the essential oils of Argyranthemum species growing in the Canary Islands, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 103-106, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.954 . [all data]

Song, Sawamura, et al., 2000
Song, H.S.; Sawamura, M.; Ito, T.; Kawashimo, K.; Ukeda, H., Quantitative determination of characteric flavour of Citrus junos (yuzu) peel oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 4, 245-250, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200007/08)15:4<245::AID-FFJ904>3.0.CO;2-V . [all data]

Chang, Sheng, et al., 1989
Chang, L.P.; Sheng, L.S.; Yang, M.Z.; An, D.K., Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatography, Acta Pharm. Sin., 1989, 24, 11, 847-852. [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Sacchetti, Maietti, et al., 2005
Sacchetti, G.; Maietti, S.; Muzzoli, M.; Scaglianti, M.; Manfredini, S.; Radice, M.; Bruni, R., Comparative evaluation of 11 essential oils of different origin as functional antioxidants, antiradicals and antimicrobials in foods, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 4, 621-632, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.06.031 . [all data]

Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 923, 1-2, 127-136, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00929-3 . [all data]

Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.ElA.; Djabou, N.; Desjobert, L.-M.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Muselli, A.; Costa, J., Characterization of volatile compounds of Daucus crinitus Desf. headspace solid phase microextraction as alternative technique to hydrodistillation, Chem, Centr. J., 2010, 4, 16, 1-15. [all data]

El-Massry, El-Ghorab, et al., 2009
El-Massry, K.F.; El-Ghorab, A.H.; Shaaban, H.A.; Shibamoto, T., Chemical compositions and antioxidant/antimicrobial activities of various samples prepared from Schinus terebinthifolius leaves cultivated in Egipt, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 12, 5265-5270, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf900638c . [all data]

Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 2007
Pala-Paul, J.; Brophy, J.J.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Usano, J.; Soria, S.C., Essential oil composition of the different parts of Eryngium corniculatum Lam. (Apiaceae) from Spain, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1175, 2, 289-293, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.10.061 . [all data]

Sonboli, Kanani, et al., 2007
Sonboli, A.; Kanani, M.R.; Yousefzadi, M.; Mojarrad, M., Biological activity and composition of the essential oil of Tetrataenium nephrophyllum (Apiaceae) from Iran, Natural Product Communications, 2007, 2, 12, 1249-1252. [all data]

Farah, Afifi, et al., 2006
Farah, A.; Afifi, A.; Fechtal, M.; Chhen, A.; Satrani, B.; Talbi, M.; Chaouch, A., Fractional distillation effect on the chemical composition of Moroccan myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 351-354, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1651 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Eller, et al., 2006
Jirovetz, L.; Eller, G.; Buchbauer, G.; Schmidt, E.; Denkova, Z.; Stoyanova, A.S.; Nikolova R.; Geissler, M., Chemical composition, antimicrobial activities and odor descriptions of some essential oils with characteristic floral-rosy scent and of their principal aroma compounds, Recent. Res. Devel. Agronomy Horticulture, 2006, 2, 1-12. [all data]

Orav, Raal, et al., 2006
Orav, A.; Raal, A.; Arak, E.; Müürisepp, M.; Kailas, T., Composition of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium L. of different geographical origin, Proc. Est. Acad. Sci. Chem., 2006, 55, 3, 155-165. [all data]

Pintore G., Chessa M., et al., 2006
Pintore G.; Chessa M.; Manconi P.; Zanetti S.; Deriu A.; Tirillini B., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of essential oil of stachys glutinosa L. from Sardinia, Natural Product Communications, 2006, 1, 12, 1133-1136. [all data]

Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006
Schirack, A.V.; Drake, M.A.; Sander, T.H.; Sandeep, K.P., Characterization of aroma-active compounds in microwave blanched peanuts, J. Food Sci., 2006, 71, 9, c513-c520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2006.00173.x . [all data]

Kalvandi, Sefidkon, et al., 2004
Kalvandi, R.; Sefidkon, F.; Atri, M.; Mirza, M., Analysis of the essential oil of Thymus eriocalyx from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 341-343, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1312 . [all data]

Miyazawa, Fuhita, et al., 2004
Miyazawa, M.; Fuhita, T.; Yamafuji, C.; Matsui, M.; Kasahara, N.; Takagi, Y.; Ishikawa, Y., Chemical composition of volatile oil from the roots of Periploca sepium, J. Oleo Sci., 2004, 53, 10, 511-513, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.53.511 . [all data]

Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2004
Miyazawa, M.; Fujita, T.; Yamafuji, C.; Matsui, M.; Kasahara, N.; Takagi, Y.; Ishikawa, Y., Chemical composition of volatile oil from the roots of Periploca sepium, J. Oleo Sci., 2004, 53, 11, 511-513, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.53.511 . [all data]

Palá-Paúl, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 2002
Palá-Paúl, J.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Sanz, J., Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the volatile components of Ageratina adenophora Spreng., growing in the Canary Islands, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 947, 2, 327-331, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00016-X . [all data]

Gupta, Mallavarapu, et al., 2001
Gupta, R.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Banerjee, S.; Kumar, S., Characteristics of an isomenthone-rich somaclonal mutant isolated in a geraniol-rich rose-scented geranium accession of Pelargonium graveolens, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 5, 319-324, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1002 . [all data]

Vijayanand, Rao, et al., 2001
Vijayanand, P.; Rao, L.J.M.; Narasimham, P., Volatile flavour components of jamun fruit (Syzygium cumini L), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 1, 47-49, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<47::AID-FFJ944>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Rajeswara, Kaul, et al., 1996
Rajeswara, B.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Bhattacharya, A.K.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Ramesh, S., Yield and chemical composition of the essential oils of three Cymbopogon species suffering from iron chlorosis, Flavour Fragr. J., 1996, 11, 5, 289-293, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199609)11:5<289::AID-FFJ590>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Stashenko, Puertas, et al., 1996
Stashenko, E.E.; Puertas, M.A.; Combariza, M.Y., Volatile secondary metabolites from Spilanthes americana obtained by simultaneous steam distillation--solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 1996, 752, 1-2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00480-3 . [all data]

Albano, Lima, et al., 2012
Albano, S.M.; Lima, A.S.; Miguel, M.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Barroso, J.G.; Figueiredo, A.C., Antioxidant, anti-5-lipoxygenase and antiacetylcholinesterase activities of essential oils and decoction water of some aromatic plants, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2012, 6, 1, 35-48. [all data]

Sharififar, Mozaffarian, et al., 2007
Sharififar, F.; Mozaffarian, V.; Moradkhani, S., Comparison of antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of the essential oils from flowers and fruits of Otostegia persica Boiss., Pakistan J. Biol. Sci., 2007, 10, 21, 3895-3899, https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2007.3895.3899 . [all data]

Judpentienë and Mockutë, 2004
Judpentienë, A.; Mockutë, D., Chemical composition of essential oils of Artemisia absinthium L. (wormwood) growing wild in Vilnius, Chemija, 2004, 15, 4, 64-68. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Baratta, Dorman, et al., 1998
Baratta, M.T.; Dorman, H.J.; Deans, S.G.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Ruberto, G., Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of some commercial essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 4, 235-244, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(1998070)13:4<235::AID-FFJ733>3.0.CO;2-T . [all data]

Babu and Kaul, 2005
Babu, K.G.D.; Kaul, V.K., Variation in essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.) distilled by different distillation techniques, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 222-231, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1414 . [all data]

Chagonda, Makanda, et al., 2000
Chagonda, L.S.; Makanda, C.; Chalchat, J.-C., The essential oils of wild and cultivated Cymbopogon validus (Stapf) Stapf ex Burtt Davy and Elionurus muticus (Spreng.) Kunth from Zimbabwe, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 2, 100-104, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200003/04)15:2<100::AID-FFJ874>3.0.CO;2-Y . [all data]

Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000
Tamura, H.; Boonbumrung, S.; Yoshizawa, T.; Varanyanond, W., Volatile components of the essential oil in the pulp of four yellow mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) in Thailand, Food Sci. Technol. Res., 2000, 6, 1, 68-73, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.6.68 . [all data]

Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 1998
Werkhoff, P.; Güntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1076-1093, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970655s . [all data]

Baser, Demirci, et al., 2002
Baser, K.H.C.; Demirci, B.; Kirimer, N.; Satil, F.; Tumen, G., The essential oils of Thymus migricus and T. fedtschenkoi var. handelii from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 41-45, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1036 . [all data]

Baser, Nuriddinov, et al., 2002
Baser, K.H.C.; Nuriddinov, H.R.; Ozek, T.; Demirci, A.B.; Azcan, N.; Nigmatullaev, A.M., Essential oil of Arischrada korolkowii from the Chatkal mountains of Uzbekistan, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2002, 38, 1, 51-53, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015729731464 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References