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Butanoic acid, 3-methylbutyl ester

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1039.4Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10180.1039.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedApiezon L120.1006.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.1016.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedSE-30150.1029.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedOV-1150.1039.Ashes and Haken, 1971 
PackedSE-30100.1046.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.1039.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedApiezon L130.1002.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L190.1007.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11039.Abella, Cortella, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryOV-1011002.Menut, Molangui, et al., 1995N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-11041.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11044.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1045.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
PackedApiezon L1020.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh); Column length: 1.2 m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301029.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1236.Kevei and Kozma, 1976Chromosorb
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1289.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51054.Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1064.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-51060.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51068.Sartoratto, Machado, et al., 200425. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1086.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200225. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 6. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1041.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1041.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-51056.David, Scanlan, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-51061.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-51061.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51056.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryHP-51060.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1259.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1254.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1255.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1255.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101270.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101267.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101266.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 200C (1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1256.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP1257.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51068.Maridass, 200925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51058.Scrivanti, Anton, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1058.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11042.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-51056.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51056.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51060.Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51068.Duarte, Figueira, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51056.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51039.Azodanlou, Darbellay, et al., 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySPB-51062.Ledauphin, Guichard, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51060.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-51008.da Silva, Luz, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51060.Zrira, Elamrani, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-51013.Gallori, Flamini, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1011042.Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 199850. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11038.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11039.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-11042.Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 199045. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySE-301040.Alves and Jennings, 1979Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1054.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1060.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51056.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51056.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301029.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1058.Butkienë, Nivinskienë, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(5min) => 2C/min => 90C => 15C/min => 240C(4min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1060.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS1059.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-301042.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51055.5David, Scanlan, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51060.Andrade, Maia, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax CB1266.Alves, da Penha, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 150. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1283.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax1255.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1255.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1266.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryFFAP1262.Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1263.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1287.Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1258.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1259.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1259.Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1250.Vernin, Lageot, et al., 1998Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 262, 316-320, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88112-7 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1971
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part V. Retention of aliphatic esters on non-polar, donar and acceptor stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 60, 33-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95527-4 . [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269018 . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Abella, Cortella, et al., 2000
Abella, L.; Cortella, A.R.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J., Ethnobotany, volatile oils and secretion tissues of Werneria poposa from Argentina, Pharm. Biol., 2000, 38, 3, 197-203, https://doi.org/10.1076/1388-0209(200007)3831-SFT197 . [all data]

Menut, Molangui, et al., 1995
Menut, C.; Molangui, T.; Lamaty, G.E.; Bessière, J.-M.; Habimana, J.-B. Menut.; Molangui, T.; Lamaty, G.E.; Bessière, J.-M.; Habimana, J.-B., Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. 23. Chemical composition of leaf essential oils of Eucalyptus goniocalyx F. Muell. and Eucalyptus patens Benth. grown in Rwanda, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 5, 1267-1271, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00053a026 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 2, 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00092a031 . [all data]

Maia, Andrade, et al., 2000
Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 2000, 13, 3, 227-232, https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.2000.0894 . [all data]

Rasmussen, 1983
Rasmussen, P., Identification of Volatile Components of Jacjfruit by Gas Chromatography / MAss Spectrometry with Two Different Columns, Anal. Chem., 1983, 55, 8, 1331-1335, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00259a033 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Kevei and Kozma, 1976
Kevei, E.; Kozma, E., Gaschromatographische Untersuchungsmethoden zur Aromaprüfung in gekochtem Schweinefleisch (M. semimembranosus), Nahrung, 1976, 20, 3, 243-252, https://doi.org/10.1002/food.19760200303 . [all data]

Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 2007
Quijano, C.E.; Salamanca, G.; Pino, J.A., Aroma volatile constituents of Colombian varieties of mango (Mangifera indica L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 401-406, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1812 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 32-35, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1269 . [all data]

Sartoratto, Machado, et al., 2004
Sartoratto, A.; Machado, A.L.M.; Delarmelina, C.; Figueira, G.M.; Duarte, M.C.T.; Rehder, V.L.G., Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from aromatic plants used in Brazil, Braz. J. Microbiol., 2004, 35, 4, 275-280, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822004000300001 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Quert, R.; García, H., Study of essential oils of Eucalyptus resinifera Smith, E. tereticornis Smith and Corymbia maculata (Hook.) K.D. Hill L.A.S. Johnson, grown in Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 1-4, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1026 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 2
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 21, 6023-6026, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011456i . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5883-5887, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010414r . [all data]

David, Scanlan, et al., 2000
David, F.; Scanlan, F.; Sandra, P., Retention time locking in flavor analysis, Proceedings 23rd ISCC; CD-ROM, 2000, retrieved from http://www.richrom.com/assets/CD23PDF. [all data]

Moio, Piombino, et al., 2000
Moio, L.; Piombino, P.; Addeo, F., Odour-impact compounds of Gorgonzola cheese, J. Dairy Res., 2000, 67, 2, 273-285, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900004106 . [all data]

Moio and Addeo, 1998
Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 1998, 65, 2, 317-333, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029997002768 . [all data]

Beaulieu and Grimm, 2001
Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1345-1352, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0005768 . [all data]

Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 923, 1-2, 127-136, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00929-3 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Pino, Almora, et al., 2003
Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 492-496, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1248 . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 7, 2690-2696, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981166a . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 2004
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Notes

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