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Citronellal

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Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-20DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxStabilwax
Column length (m) 50.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeN2HeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.251.
Tstart (C) 60.40.70.40.40.
Tend (C) 220.240.230.250.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.7.2.3.4.
Initial hold (min)   2. 2.
Final hold (min) 20.5.20.20.10.
I 1488.1495.1488.1460.1508.
ReferenceDuquesnoy, Castola, et al., 2007Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 2007Choi, 2005Fanciullino, Gancel, et al., 2005Fang and Qian, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10MegawaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeN2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.20.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.70.60.40.32.
Tend (C) 250.230.200.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min)  2. 6. 
Final hold (min) 20.20.10.10. 
I 1464.1481.1442.1457.1474.
ReferenceGancel, Ollitrault, et al., 2005Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005Smadja, Rondeau, et al., 2005Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2005Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase RTX-WaxInnowaxSupelcowaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.15.25.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHe N2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 45.35.35.70.40.
Tend (C) 240.225.225.230.245.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.4.2.1.5
Initial hold (min) 6.5.5.2. 
Final hold (min) 10.20.10.20.20.
I 1466.1487.1499.1485.1464.
ReferenceDugo, Mondello, et al., 2004Chisholm, Jell, et al., 2003Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 2003Choi, 2003Gancel, Ollitrault, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxRTX-WaxMegawaxBP-20RTX-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.50.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.220.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.45.40.60.45.
Tend (C) 240.250.220.220.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 7.3.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min)  6.6. 6.
Final hold (min) 5. 10.20.10.
I 1488.1461.1457.1473.1459.
ReferenceHögnadóttir and Rouseff, 2003Shellie, Marriott, et al., 2003Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2003Lota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 2002Mondello, Zappia, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxBP-20DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.50.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.220.50.530.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.250.321.00.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.40.50.70.
Tend (C) 240.220.290.220.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 7.2.4.3.2.
Initial hold (min)   2. 2.
Final hold (min) 5. 5. 20.
I 1495.1473.1489.1485.1486.
ReferenceLin and Rouseff, 2001Lota, Serra, et al., 2001Bartley and Jacobs, 2000Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 2000Choi and Sawamura, 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-20BP-20MegawaxBP-20BP-20
Column length (m) 50.50.30.50.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.220.250.220.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 230.230.220.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min)   6.  
Final hold (min) 35.35.10.35.35.
I 1473.1473.1457.1473.1473.
ReferenceLota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 2000Lota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 2000Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2000Lota, Serra, et al., 1999Lota, Serra, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 25.60.60.50.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.4250.25  
Tstart (C) 50.45.50.50.50.
Tend (C) 240.300.150.200.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.2.1.51.5
Initial hold (min) 3.3.10.10. 
Final hold (min)  20.20.40.80.
I 1467.1472.1472.1475.1461.
ReferenceMöllenbeck, König, et al., 1997Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995Combariza, Tirado, et al., 1994Wu and Yang, 1994Chen and Ho, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Duquesnoy, Castola, et al., 2007
Duquesnoy, E.; Castola, V.; Casanova, J., Composition and chemical variability of the twig oil of Abies alba Miller from Corsica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 293-299, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1796 . [all data]

Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 2007
Mahattanatawee K.; Perez-Cacho P.R.; Davenport T.; Rouseff R., Comparison of three lychee cultivar odor profiles using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-sulfur detection, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 5, 1939-1944, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062925p . [all data]

Choi, 2005
Choi, H.-S., Characteristic odor components of kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle) peel oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 5, 1642-1647, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040324x . [all data]

Fanciullino, Gancel, et al., 2005
Fanciullino, A.-L.; Gancel, A.-L.; Froelicher, Y.; Luro, F.; Ollitrault, P.; Brillouet, J.-M., Effects of Nucleo-cytoplasmic Interactions on Leaf Volatile Compounds from Citrus Somatic Diploid Hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4517-4523, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0502855 . [all data]

Fang and Qian, 2005
Fang, Y.; Qian, M., Aroma compounds in Oregon Pinot Noir wine determined by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 22-29, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1551 . [all data]

Gancel, Ollitrault, et al., 2005
Gancel, A.-L.; Ollitrault, P.; Froelicher, Y.; Tomi, F.; Jacquemond, C.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf volatile compounds of six citrus somatic allotetraploid hybrids originating from various combinations of lime, lemon, citron, sweet orange, and grapefruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2224-2230, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048315b . [all data]

Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005
Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Karanja, P.N.; Sawamura, M., Volatile Constituents of Redblush Grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi) and Pummelo ( Citrus grandis) Peel Essential Oils from Kenya, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 25, 9790-9794, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051373s . [all data]

Smadja, Rondeau, et al., 2005
Smadja, J.; Rondeau, P.; Sing, A.S.C., Volatile constituents of five Citrus Petitgrain essential oils from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 4, 399-402, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1438 . [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2005
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Zappala, M.; Condurso, C.; Cotroneo, A., Essential Oil Composition of Citrus meyerii Y. Tan. and Citrus medica L. cv. Diamante and Their Lemon Hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 12, 4890-4894, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047879c . [all data]

Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 2004
Brophy, J.J.; Goldsack, R.J.; O'Sullivan, W., Chemistry of the Australian gymnosperms. Part VII. The leaf oils of the genus Actinostrobus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, 32, 10, 867-873, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.05.001 . [all data]

Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004
Dugo, P.; Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Cotroneo, A.; Russo, M.T., The composition of the volatile fraction and the enantiomeric distribution of five volatile components of faustrime oil (Monocitrus australatica x Fortunella sp. x Citrus aurantifolia), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 328-333, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698734 . [all data]

Chisholm, Jell, et al., 2003
Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 275-281, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1188 . [all data]

Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 2003
Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 106-115, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1172 . [all data]

Choi, 2003
Choi, H.-S., Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov × C. sinensis Osbeck) × C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 9, 2687-2692, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf021069o . [all data]

Gancel, Ollitrault, et al., 2003
Gancel, A.-L.; Ollitrault, P.; Froelicher, Y.; Tomi, F.; Jacquemond, C.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf volatile compounds of seven citrus somatic tetraploid hybrids sharing willow leaf mandarin (Citrus deliciosa Ten.) as their common parent, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 20, 6006-6013, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0345090 . [all data]

Högnadóttir and Rouseff, 2003
Högnadóttir, Á.; Rouseff, R.L., Identification of aroma active compounds in organce essence oil using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 998, 1-2, 201-211, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00524-7 . [all data]

Shellie, Marriott, et al., 2003
Shellie, R.; Marriott, P.; Zappia, G.; Mondello, L.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices on polar and apolar columns with an MS-Library for reliable characterization of Australian tea tree and other Melaleuca sp. oils, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2003, 15, 5, 305-312, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2003.9698597 . [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2003
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Gazea, F.; Cicciarelloi, G.; Cotroneo, A., Effects of rootstock on the composition of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) essential oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 1, 206-210, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0206872 . [all data]

Lota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 2002
Lota, M.-L.; de Rocca Serra, D.; Tomi, F.; Jacquemond, C.; Casanova, J., Volatile components of peel and leaf oils of lemon and lime species, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 4, 796-805, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010924l . [all data]

Mondello, Zappia, et al., 2002
Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Cotroneo, A.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Chowdhury, J.U.; Yusuf, M.; Dugo, G., Studies on the essential oil-bearing plants of Bangladesh. Part VIII. Composition of some Ocimum oils O. basilicum L. var. purpurascens; O. sanctum L. green; O. sanctum L. purple; O. americanum L., citral type; O. americanum L., camphor type, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 335-340, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1108 . [all data]

Lin and Rouseff, 2001
Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L., Characterization of aroma-impact compounds in cold-pressed grapefruit oil using time-intensity GC-olfactometry and GC-MS, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 6, 457-463, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1041 . [all data]

Lota, Serra, et al., 2001
Lota, M.-L.; Serra, D.R.; Jacquemond, C.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J., Chemical variability of peel and leaf essential oils of sour orange, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 89-96, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200103/04)16:2<89::AID-FFJ950>3.0.CO;2-D . [all data]

Bartley and Jacobs, 2000
Bartley, J.P.; Jacobs, A.L., Effects of drying on flavour compounds in Australian-grown ginger (Zingiber officinale), J. Sci. Food Agric., 2000, 80, 2, 209-215, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(20000115)80:2<209::AID-JSFA516>3.0.CO;2-8 . [all data]

Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 2000
Brophy, J.J.; Goldsack, R.J.; Punruckvong, A.; Bean, A.R.; Forster, P.I.; Lepschi, B.J.; Doran, J.C.; Rozefelds, A.C., Leaf essential oils of the genus Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) in eastern Australia. Part 7. Leptospermum petersonii, L. liversidgei and allies, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 5, 342-351, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200009/10)15:5<342::AID-FFJ924>3.0.CO;2-V . [all data]

Choi and Sawamura, 2000
Choi, H.-S.; Sawamura, M., Composition of the essential oil of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (Hyuganatsu), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 10, 4868-4873, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000651e . [all data]

Lota, de Rocca Serra, et al., 2000
Lota, M.-L.; de Rocca Serra, D.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J., Chemical variability of peel and leaf essential oils of mandarins from Citrus reticulata Blanco, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 1, 61-78, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00036-8 . [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2000
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Cotroneo, A.; Lorenzo, D.; Dellacassa, E., Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 7, 2903-2909, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990734z . [all data]

Lota, Serra, et al., 1999
Lota, M.-L.; Serra, D.R.; Tomi, F.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Casanova, J., Chemical composition of peel and leaf essential oils of Citrus medica L. and C. limonimedica Lush., Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 3, 161-166, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199905/06)14:3<161::AID-FFJ801>3.0.CO;2-8 . [all data]

Möllenbeck, König, et al., 1997
Möllenbeck, S.; König, T.; Schreier, P.; Schwab, W.; Rajaonarivony, J.; Ranarivelo, L., Chemical composition and analyses of enantiomers of essential oils from Madagascar, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 2, 63-69, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199703)12:2<63::AID-FFJ614>3.0.CO;2-Z . [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Combariza, Tirado, et al., 1994
Combariza, M.Y.; Tirado, C.B.; Stashenko, E.; Shibamoto, T., Limonene concentration in lemon (Citrus volkameriana) peel oil as a function of ripeness, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 9, 643-646, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170905 . [all data]

Wu and Yang, 1994
Wu, J.-J.; Yang, J.-S., Effects of «gamma» irradiation on the volatile compounds of ginger rhizome (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 11, 2574-2577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00047a038 . [all data]

Chen and Ho, 1988
Chen, C.-C.; Ho, C.-T., Gas chromatographic analysis of volatile components of ginger oil (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) extracted with liquid carbon dioxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 2, 322-328, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00080a020 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References