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1-Butanol, 3-methyl-, propanoate

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.947.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.937.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30140.958.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3060.961.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.950.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.955.Horna, Táborský, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 19. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.953.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedApiezon L160.926.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedSE-30150.948.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.954.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.955.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30948.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-351100.1206.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351120.1238.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35160.1198.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1196.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySP-1000100.1186.Horna, Táborský, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 46. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1200.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1184.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB948.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200225. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 6. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5969.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1950.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1950.DeMilo, Lee, et al., 199630. m/0.248 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5969.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-1949.Eri, Khoo, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1183.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101192.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS972.Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryZB-1952.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-1952.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryRTX-5Sil974.Holland, Larkov, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5973.9Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillarySPB-5972.Ledauphin, Guichard, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-1952.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryOV-101954.Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 199850. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-101954.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups969.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups971.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS975.Nance and Setzer, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryVB-5960.Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 4C/min => 175C => 10C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30948.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5966.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryHP-5958.Thierry, Maillard, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30954.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1176.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB1181.Chen, Chyau, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101176.Chin, Nazimah, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 50. K/min, 240. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1188.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1180.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatography of homologous esters. XXIX. Propanoyl and monochlorpropanoyl esters of lower saturated branched-chain and unsaturated alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 324, 343-353, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81333-9 . [all data]

Horna, Táborský, et al., 1985
Horna, A.; Táborský, J.; Churácek, J.; Dufka, O., Chromatography of monomers. IV. Gas-liquid chromatographic studies of C1-C6 n-alkyl and C3-C6 isoalkyl acrylates and their hydrogen halide and halogen addition derivatives, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 348, 141-149, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92447-1 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 262, 316-320, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88112-7 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269018 . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Gas chromatographic--mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1422-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a037 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Quert, R.; García, H., Study of essential oils of Eucalyptus resinifera Smith, E. tereticornis Smith and Corymbia maculata (Hook.) K.D. Hill L.A.S. Johnson, grown in Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 1-4, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1026 . [all data]

Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jaroszynska, J.; Bal, K., Gas chromatographic analysis of essential oils with preliminary partition of components, Phytochem. Anal., 2001, 12, 2, 87-90, https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.564 . [all data]

DeMilo, Lee, et al., 1996
DeMilo, A.B.; Lee, C.-J.; Moreno, D.S.; Martinez, A.J., Identification of volatiles derived from Citrobacter freundii fermentation of a trypticase soy broth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 2, 607-612, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950525o . [all data]

Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 2001
Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 923, 1-2, 127-136, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00929-3 . [all data]

Eri, Khoo, et al., 2000
Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1140-1149, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9911850 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 2010
Lazarevic, J.; Radulovic, N.; Palic, R.; Zlatkovic, B., Chemical Analusis of volatile constituents of Berula erecta (Hudson) Coville subsp. erecta (Apiaceae) from Serbia, J. Essential Oil. Res., 2010, 22, 3, 153-156, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700290 . [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2008
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctuatus / Eriocephalus tenuifolius), 2008, retrieved from http://www.chemische-analysen-hamburg.de/Publikationen?CapeChamomileOil/. [all data]

Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007
Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontán, A.; Gatti, P.; Martínez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley's glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 2007, 32, 1, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.3376/1081-1710(2007)32[75:VCSBBO]2.0.CO;2 . [all data]

Holland, Larkov, et al., 2005
Holland, D.; Larkov, O.; Bar-Ya'akov, I.; Bar, E.; Zax, A.; Brandeis, E.; Ravid, U.; Lewinsohn, E., Developmental and varietal differences in volatile ester formation and acetyl-CoA: alcohol acetyl transferase activities in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 18, 7198-7203, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050519k . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Ledauphin, Guichard, et al., 2003
Ledauphin, J.; Guichard, H.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Picoche, B.; Barillier, D., Chemical and sensorial aroma characterization of freshly distilled calvados. 2. Identification of volatile compounds and key odorants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 2, 433-442, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020373e . [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2003
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctulatus), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 510-514, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1259 . [all data]

Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 1998
Camciuc, M.; Bessière, J.M.; Vilarem, G.; Gaset, A., Volatile components in okra seed coat, Phytochemistry, 1998, 48, 2, 311-315, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)01127-8 . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Nance and Setzer, 2011
Nance, M.R.; Setzer, W.N., Volatile components of aroma hops (Humulus lupulus L.) commonly used in beer brewing, J. of Brewing and Distilling, 2011, 2, 2, 16-22. [all data]

Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 2007
Karlshøj, K.; Nielsen, P.V.; Larsen, T.O., Prediction of Penicillium expansum Spoilage and Patulin Concentration in Apples Used for Apple Juice Production by Electronic Nose Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 11, 4289-4298, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070134x . [all data]

Liu, Liang, et al., 2007
Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1307-1315, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.038 . [all data]

Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007
Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 2007, 68, 20, 2584-2598, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.030 . [all data]

Thierry, Maillard, et al., 2005
Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Bonnarme, P.; Roussel, E., The addition of Propionibacterium freudenreichii to raclette cheese induces biochemical changes and enhances flavor development, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 10, 4157-4165, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0481195 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Chen, Chyau, et al., 2007
Chen, C.-C.; Chyau, C.-C.; Hseu, TY.-H., Production of a COX-2 inhibitor, 2,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde, with submerged cultured Antrodia camphorata, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 44, 4, 387-392, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-765X.2006.02087.x . [all data]

Chin, Nazimah, et al., 2007
Chin, S.T.; Nazimah, S.A.H.; Quek, S.Y.; Che Man, Y.B.; Rahman, R.A.; Hashim, D.M., Analysis of volatile compounds from Malaysian durians (Durio zibethinus) using headspace SPME coupled to fast GC-MS, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2007, 20, 1, 31-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.04.011 . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3463-3469, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0001738 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References