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Butanoic acid, ethyl ester

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Sil 5 CBCP-Sil 5 CBHP-5Siloxane, 5 % PhCP-Sil 8 CB
Column length (m) 50.50.30. 30.
Carrier gas NitrogenNitrogenHelium Hydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.25 0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.201.200.25 0.25
Program 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (30 min)36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C30 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 170 0Cnot specified30 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 220 0C
I 774.770.807.801.803.
ReferenceCollin, Nizet, et al., 2012Collin, Nizet, et al., 2012, 2Fang, Pu, et al., 2012VOC BinBase, 2012de Freitas, Garruti, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5Polydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenylCP Sil-5 CBHP-5 MSDB-5
Column length (m) 60. 50.30.30.
Carrier gas Helium NitrogenHeliumHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.00 1.200.250.50
Program 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)not specified36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
I 798.801.770.804.800.
ReferenceMiyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Bailly and Collin, 2010Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010San-Juan, Petka, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Sil 5 CBHP-5 MSBPX-5HP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 50.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas NitrogenHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.200.250.250.250.25
Program 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)
I 770.802.803.804.796.
ReferenceBailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2009Fan, Lu, et al., 2009Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 2009Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 2009Qiao, Xie, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5DB-5SPB-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas Helium   He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program not specified40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)not specified50C(1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
I 800.802.800.803.800.
ReferenceQiao, Xie, et al., 2008Zhao, Li, et al., 2008Zhao, Li, et al., 2008Beaulieu and Lancaster, 2007Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeVB-5SE-30CP-Sil 5 CBCP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m)  60. 50.50.
Carrier gas  He HeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.25 0.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)  1. 1.201.2
Program not specified35C(1min) => 4C/min => 175C => 10C/min => 260Cnot specified36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 1345 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
I 778.799.778.770.770.
ReferenceChen and Feng, 2007Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 2007Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2006Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2006, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Sil5 CB MSDB-5CP-Sil 5 CBCP-Sil 5 CBHP-5
Column length (m) 50.60.50.50. 
Carrier gas N2 NitrogenNitrogen 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum) 1.20.251.21.20 
Program 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)50C => 5C/min => 100C => 15C/min => 250C (19C)36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 iC/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified
I 774.803.774.774.804.
ReferenceCallemien, Dasnoy, et al., 2006Beaulieu, 2005Callamien, Dasnoy, et al., 2005Callemien, Dasnoy, et al., 2005Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5SE-54HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 60.30.30.12.25.
Carrier gas  HeliumHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.2
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.250.250.520.11
Program not specified40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)35C(3min) => 6C/min => 190C => 30C/min => 225C35C(3min) => 4C/min => 190C => 30C/min => 225C(3min)
I 792.804.802.787.787.
ReferenceThierry, Maillard, et al., 2005Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 2005Buettner, 2004Carpino, Mallia, et al., 2004Carpino, Mallia, et al., 2004, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5MFE-73DB-5MSSE-30DB-1
Column length (m) 30. 30. 30.
Carrier gas He He H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.25 0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.25 0.25
Program 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C => 4C/min => 95C => 5C/min => 115C => 10C/min => 200Cnot specified40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260Cnot specified40C(10min) => 2C/min => 110C => 5C/min => 200C(10min)
I 800.800.798.784.806.
ReferenceCrook, Boylston, et al., 2004Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Maia, Andrade, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Alves and Franco, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5HP-5MSDB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas He  He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.251.
Program 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 220C(2min)40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C (30min)35C(4min) => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
I 806.771.789.802.771.
ReferenceDemyttenaere, Dagher, et al., 2003Jordán, Margaría, et al., 2003Jordán, Margaría, et al., 2003Martí, Mestres, et al., 2003Qian and Reineccius, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSMFE-73CP-Sil 5 CBHP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30. 50.30.30.
Carrier gas HeH2Helium  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 1.200.250.25
Program 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 220C => 10C/min => 240C(2min)not specified36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (30 min)not specifiednot specified
I 806.800.774.771.781.
ReferenceDemyttenaere, Dagher, et al., 2002Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002Gijs, Chevanese, et al., 2002Jordán, Goodner, et al., 2002Jordán, Goodner, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5MSMFE-73MFE-73
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas   HeH2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.10.1
Program 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)40 C (5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10 C/min => 210 C (30min)
I 800.788.804.800.800.
ReferenceJordán, Margaría, et al., 2002Jordán, Margaría, et al., 2002Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 2001Aznar, López, et al., 2001Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5CP Sil 5 CBBPX-5DB-5Methyl Silicone
Column length (m) 30.50.60.30. 
Carrier gas   HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.25 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.21.0.25 
Program 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C36C => 20C/min => 120C(20min) => 2C/min => 250C(30min)-30C(1min) => 100C/min => 40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260Cnot specified
I 785.774.793.796.784.
ReferenceJordán, Shaw, et al., 2001Lermusieau, Bulens, et al., 2001van Ruth, Grossmann, et al., 2001Andrade, Maia, et al., 2000Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1Methyl SiliconeSE-54DB-5SE-54
Column length (m) 60. 30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2    
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.32 0.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.250.250.25
Program 40 0C (10 min) 40 - 80 0C at 2 0C/min 80 - 200 0C at 5 0C/min 200 0C (10 min)not specified35 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 50 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 230 0C35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
I 784.780.804.804.804.
ReferenceYen and Lin, 1999Zenkevich, 1999Reiners and Grosch, 1998Guth, 1997Guth, 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5SE-54Methyl SiliconeDB-1
Column length (m) 50.50.30. 60.
Carrier gas HeHe   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.32 0.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.20  
Program 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)2 min at 35 0C; 35-50 0C at 40 deg/min; 5 min at 50 0C; 50 - 220 0C at 4 deg/min;not specifiednot specified
I 801.802.805.780.789.
ReferenceMateo and Zumalacárregui, 1996Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 1996Schieberle, Ofner, et al., 1990Zenkevich and Kuznetsova, 1990Binder and Flath, 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30DB-1DB-1OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 60.30.30.25.50.
Carrier gas N2H2H2He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.310.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.25  
Program 50C(8min) => 3C/min => 150C => 35C/min => 275C (10min)30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250Cnot specifiednot specified
I 788.780.783.784.784.
ReferenceIbrahim and Suffet, 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Morales and Duque, 1987Shibamoto, 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase OV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.
Column length (m) 50.
Carrier gas Hydrogen
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.32
Phase thickness (mum)  
Program not specified
I 787.
ReferenceWaggott and Davies, 1984
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Collin, Nizet, et al., 2012
Collin, S.; Nizet, S.; Gros, J., Le houblonnage a cru des bieres speciales belges est bien plus qu'une simple dissolution des composes aromatiques du houblon (in Flamish), Cerevisia, 2012, 36, 4, 119-124, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cervis.2011.12.001 . [all data]

Collin, Nizet, et al., 2012, 2
Collin, S.; Nizet, S.; Bouuaert, T.C.; Despartures, P.-M., MAin odorants in Jura Flor-Sherry wines. Relative contributions of sotolon, abhexon, and theaspirane-derived compounds, J. Agr. Food Chem., 2012, 60, 1, 380-381, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf203832c . [all data]

Fang, Pu, et al., 2012
Fang, S.; Pu, B.; Chen, A.; Kangzhou, Ao; Xu, D., A box-behnken design for characterizing Chineser truffles (Tuber indicum) aroma by HS-SPME-GC-MS, J. Food Res., 2012, 1, 3, 219-229, https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v1n3p219 . [all data]

VOC BinBase, 2012
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de Freitas, Garruti, et al., 2011
de Freitas, V.M.; Garruti, D. dosS.; Souza Neto, M.A.; Facundo, H.V. daV.; Correia, J.M., Stability of volatile profile and sensory properties of passion fruit during storage in glass bottles, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Alimentos, Campinas, 2011, 31, 2, 349-354, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612011000200011 . [all data]

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Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011
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Bailly and Collin, 2010
Bailly, S.; Collin, S., Fate of polyunsaturated thiols in sauternes wines through ageing in Expression of Multidisciplinary Flavour Sci., Blank, I.; Wust, M.; Yertzian, C., ed(s)., Zhaw Ed., 2010, 227-230, retrieved from https://home.zhaw.ch/tildayere/pdf/Teil58-Expression of Multidisciplinary.pdf. [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Quijano, C.E.; Castro, D., Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) at two ripening stages, Ciencia e Technologia de Alimentos, 2010, 30, 1, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000100028 . [all data]

San-Juan, Petka, et al., 2010
San-Juan, F.; Petka, J.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V.; Escudero, A., Producing headspace extracts for the gas chromatography - olphactometric evaluation of wine aroma, Food Chemistry, 2010, 123, 1, 188-195, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.03.129 . [all data]

Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2009
Bailly, S.; Jerkovic, V.; Meuree, A.; Timmermans, A.; Collin, S., Fate of key odorants in Sauternes wines through aging, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 18, 8557-8563, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901429d . [all data]

Fan, Lu, et al., 2009
Fan, G.; Lu, W.; Yao, X.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, K.; Pan, S., effect of fermentation on free and bound volatile compounds of orange juice, Flavour Fragr. J., 2009, 24, 5, 219-229, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1931 . [all data]

Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 2009
Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored Fuji Kiki-8 apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4931-4938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9003576 . [all data]

Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 2009
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Qiao, Xie, et al., 2008
Qiao, Y.; Xie, B.J.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; FAn, G.; Yao, X.L.; Pan, S.Y., Characterization of aroma active compounds in fruit juice and peel oil of Junchen sweet orange fruit (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) by GC-MS and GC-O, Molecules, 2008, 13, 6, 1333-1344, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules13061333 . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
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Beaulieu and Lancaster, 2007
Beaulieu, J.C.; Lancaster, V.A., Correlating Volatile Compounds, Sensory Attributes, and Quality Parameters in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 23, 9503-9513, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070282n . [all data]

Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 428-435, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.053 . [all data]

Chen and Feng, 2007
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Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 2007
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Liu, Liang, et al., 2007
Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1307-1315, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.038 . [all data]

Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2006
Bailly, S.; Jerkovic, V.; Collin, S., Identification of key-odorants in Sauternes wines, Identification of key-odorants in Sauternes wines, 5th International Terroir Congress, 2006, 4. [all data]

Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2006, 2
Bailly, S.; Jerkovic, V.; Marchand-Brynaert, J.; Collin, S., Aroma Extraction Dilution Analysis of Sauternes Wines. Key Role of Polyfunctional Thiols, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 19, 7227-7234, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060814k . [all data]

Callemien, Dasnoy, et al., 2006
Callemien, D.; Dasnoy, S.; Collin, S., Identification of a stale-beer-like odorant in extracts of naturally aged beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 4, 1409-1413, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051772n . [all data]

Beaulieu, 2005
Beaulieu, J.C., Within-Season Volatile and Quality Differences in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe Cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 22, 8679-8687, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050241w . [all data]

Callamien, Dasnoy, et al., 2005
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Callemien, Dasnoy, et al., 2005
Callemien, D.; Dasnoy, S.; Heynen, O.; Badot, C.; Collin, S., Flavour stability of lager beer: identification of a new key staling compound in European Brewery Convention, Fachverlag Hans Carl, Nurnberg, Germany, 2005, 815-822. [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7837-7843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051397z . [all data]

Thierry, Maillard, et al., 2005
Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Bonnarme, P.; Roussel, E., The addition of Propionibacterium freudenreichii to raclette cheese induces biochemical changes and enhances flavor development, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 10, 4157-4165, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0481195 . [all data]

Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 2005
Tokitomo, Y.; Steihaus, M.; Buttner, A.; Schieberle, P., Odor-Active Constituents in Fresh Pineapple (ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) by Quamtitative and Sensory Evaluations, Biosci. Biotechnol, Biochem,, 2005, 69, 7, 1323-1330, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.69.1323 . [all data]

Buettner, 2004
Buettner, A., Investigation of potent odorants and afterodor development in two chardonnay wines using the Buccal Odor Screening System (BOSS), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 8, 2339-2346, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf035322b . [all data]

Carpino, Mallia, et al., 2004
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Notes

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