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Butanoic acid, ethyl ester

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil394. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 37 out of 40 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus175.3KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tfus170.65KN/ATimmermans and Mattaar, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc568.8KN/AYoung, 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tc558.7KN/ADe Heen, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 10. K; TRC
Tc566.0KN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc577.5KN/APawlewski, 1882Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc30.24atmN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5000 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.38mol/lN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.086 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap10. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
9.42345.N/AHernández and Ortega, 1997Based on data from 330. - 435. K.; AC
9.61347.N/AFárková and Wichterle, 1993Based on data from 332. - 393. K.; AC
10.1 ± 0.02323.EBWiberg and Waldron, 1991Based on data from 310. - 336. K.; AC
11.5278.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 263. - 404. K.; AC
8.478394.6N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
9.99270.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 254. - 394. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
254.8 - 394.4.326161509.443-45.284Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Timmermans and Mattaar, 1921
Timmermans, J.; Mattaar, J.F., Freezing points of orgainic substances VI. New experimental determinations., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 213. [all data]

Young, 1994
Young, C.L., Personal Commun. 1994 1994, 1994. [all data]

De Heen, 1888
De Heen, P., Research on Physics and Theory of Liquids, Experimental Part Paris, 1888. [all data]

Nadezhdin, 1887
Nadezhdin, A., Rep. Phys., 1887, 23, 708. [all data]

Pawlewski, 1882
Pawlewski, B., The critical temperatures of ester compounds, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1882, 15, 2460-4. [all data]

Hernández and Ortega, 1997
Hernández, Pablo; Ortega, Juan, Vapor-Liquid Equilibria and Densities for Ethyl Esters (Ethanoate to Butanoate) and Alkan-2-ol (C 3 -C 4 ) at 101.32 kPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1997, 42, 6, 1090-1100, https://doi.org/10.1021/je970077b . [all data]

Fárková and Wichterle, 1993
Fárková, J.; Wichterle, I., Vapour pressures of some ethyl and propyl esters of fatty acids, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1993, 90, 1, 143-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(93)85009-B . [all data]

Wiberg and Waldron, 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Waldron, R.F., Lactones. 2. Enthalpies of hydrolysis, reduction, and formation of the C4-C13 monocyclic lactones. strain energies and conformations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 7697-7705. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]


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