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Diethyl malonate

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1033.Tudor and Moldovan, 1999 
CapillarySE-30100.1033.3Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-301078.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.29 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301083.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.29 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101595.Wong and Teng, 1994He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11038.Hancock and Peters, 1991He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryDB-51068.8Hancock and Peters, 1991He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryDB-51069.2Hancock and Peters, 1991He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
CapillaryDB-51069.2Hancock and Peters, 1991He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm
PackedSE-301035.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1066.9Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1069.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C (5min) => 2C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 250C (15min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1580.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1572.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101120.1034.Lipp, Krasnykh, et al., 2008Helium; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101130.1034.Lipp, Krasnykh, et al., 2008Helium; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1032.Lipp, Krasnykh, et al., 2008Helium; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101150.1029.Lipp, Krasnykh, et al., 2008Helium; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101220.1033.Lipp, Krasnykh, et al., 2008Helium; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51069.Jung, Wichmann, et al., 199925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryUltra-11032.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1069.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1072.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-11043.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-301043.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51064.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1040.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1035.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-Wax MS1574.Duarte, Dias, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1574.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1571.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1572.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1572.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101582.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1542.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor and Moldovan, 1999
Tudor, E.; Moldovan, D., Temperature Dependence of the Retention Index for Perfumery Compounds on a Se-30 Glass Capillary Column. II. The Hyperbolic Equation, J. Chromatogr., 1999, 848, 1-2, 215-227, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00412-4 . [all data]

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980
Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1980, 31, 1, 69-75. [all data]

Wong and Teng, 1994
Wong, K.C.; Teng, Y.E., Volatile Components of Mimusops elengi L. Flowers, J. Essent. Oil Res., 1994, 6, 5, 453-458, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1994.9698425 . [all data]

Hancock and Peters, 1991
Hancock, J.R.; Peters, G.R., Retention index monitoring of compounds of chemical defence interest using thermal desorption gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 538, 2, 249-257, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88845-2 . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Boulanger and Crouzet, 2001
Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Identification of the aroma components of acerola (Malphigia glabra L.): free and bound flavor compounds, Food Chem., 2001, 74, 2, 209-216, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00128-5 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 2004
Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 18, 5670-5676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049512d . [all data]

Lipp, Krasnykh, et al., 2008
Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 2008, 63, 4, 349-352, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934808040072 . [all data]

Jung, Wichmann, et al., 1999
Jung, A.; Wichmann, K.-H.; Kolb, M., VOC emission of polymeric packaging materials, LaborPraxis, 1999, 23, 9, 20-22. [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 428-435, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.053 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Jordán, Goodner, et al., 2002
Jordán, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 6, 1523-1528, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011077p . [all data]

Zenkevich, 1999
Zenkevich, I.G., Mutual Correlation between Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Different Series, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1999, 54, 12, 1272-1279. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]


Notes

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