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Propanoic acid, ethyl ester

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-466.5 ± 0.4kJ/molCmWiberg and Waldron, 1991Heat of hydrolysis
Deltafgas-463.6 ± 0.7kJ/molCcrMansson, 1972 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-505.59 ± 0.50kJ/molCmWiberg and Waldron, 1991Heat of hydrolysis; ALS
Deltafliquid-502.7 ± 0.7kJ/molCcrMansson, 1972ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-2894.00 ± 0.65kJ/molCcrMansson, 1972Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -502.70 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-2888.kJ/molCcbSchjanberg, 1935Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -508.4 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-2912.1 ± 2.0kJ/molCcbRoth and Muller, 1929Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -484.64 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
199.58298.33Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987T = 294 to 349 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
200.90298.15Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil372.2 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 22 out of 25 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus199.25KN/ATimmermans, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus200.24KN/ATimmermans, 1909Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; not clear that this was an independent measurement; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc548. ± 7.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc33.62barN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8106 bar; TRC
Pc33.597barN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.40 bar; TRC
Pc35.10barN/AHeilbron, 1891Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0265 bar; TRC
Pc35.10barN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0265 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.903mol/lN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.098 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.907mol/lN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.80mol/lN/AHeilbron, 1891Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.098 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.80mol/lN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.098 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap39.0 ± 0.9kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
33.88372.2N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
36.7330.N/AHernández and Ortega, 1997Based on data from 315. - 420. K.; AC
34.4387.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 372. - 538. K.; AC
38.2321.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 306. - 372. K. See also Polák and Mertl, 1965 and Dykyj, 1972.; AC
38.2 ± 0.1313.CSvoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980AC
36.6 ± 0.1336.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC
36.0 ± 0.1344.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC
35.5 ± 0.1351.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC
34.5 ± 0.1363.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 363.58.360.2978546.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
306.93 - 371.464.145261274.735-64.218Polák and Mertl, 1965Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Ethanol + Propanoic acid = Propanoic acid, ethyl ester + Water

By formula: C2H6O + C3H6O2 = C5H10O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-22.6 ± 0.42kJ/molEqkEssex and Sandholzer, 1938liquid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -23.54 kJ/mol

Hydrogen + 2-Propenoic acid, ethyl ester = Propanoic acid, ethyl ester

By formula: H2 + C5H8O2 = C5H10O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-136. ± 4.6kJ/molChydVilcu and Perisanu, 1980liquid phase

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
4.6 VN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference
10.00 ± 0.02PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H7O2+10.4 ± 0.1?EIMunson and Franklin, 1964 

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chuck Anderson, Aldrich Chemical Co.
NIST MS number 107280

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References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wiberg and Waldron, 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Waldron, R.F., Lactones. 2. Enthalpies of hydrolysis, reduction, and formation of the C4-C13 monocyclic lactones. strain energies and conformations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 7697-7705. [all data]

Mansson, 1972
Mansson, M., Enthalpies of combustion and formation of ethyl propionate and diethyl carbonate, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1972, 4, 865-871. [all data]

Schjanberg, 1935
Schjanberg, E., Die Verbrennungswarmen und die Refraktionsdaten einiger chlorsubstituierter Fettsauren und Ester., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. A, 1935, 172, 197-233. [all data]

Roth and Muller, 1929
Roth, W.A.; Muller, Fr., Die Zersetzungswarme der Stickstoffwasserstoffsaure, Ber., 1929, 62, 1188-1194. [all data]

Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987
Zabransky, M.; Hynek, V.; Finkeova-Hastabova, J.; Vesely, F., Heat capacities of six liquid esters as a function of temperature, Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm., 1987, 52, 251-256. [all data]

Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986
Jimenez, E.; Romani, L.; Paz Andrade, M.I.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Molar excess heat capacities and volumes for mixtures of alkanoates with cyclohexane at 25°C, J. Solution Chem., 1986, 15(11), 879-890. [all data]

Timmermans, 1934
Timmermans, J., Theory of Concentrated Solutions XII., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1934, 43, 626. [all data]

Timmermans, 1909
Timmermans, J., New Research on the Density of Liquids below Zero., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1909, 22, 427. [all data]

Young, 1910
Young, S., The Internal Heat of Vaporization constants of thirty pure substances, Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1910, 12, 374. [all data]

Young and Thomas, 1893
Young, S.; Thomas, G.L., The vapour pressures, molecular volumes, and critical constants of ten of the lower esters, J. Chem. Soc., 1893, 63, 1191. [all data]

Heilbron, 1891
Heilbron, E., Summary of the Critical Data Up To Now on Liquids., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1891, 1, 601-13. [all data]

Nadezhdin, 1887
Nadezhdin, A., Rep. Phys., 1887, 23, 708. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Hernández and Ortega, 1997
Hernández, Pablo; Ortega, Juan, Vapor-Liquid Equilibria and Densities for Ethyl Esters (Ethanoate to Butanoate) and Alkan-2-ol (C 3 -C 4 ) at 101.32 kPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1997, 42, 6, 1090-1100, https://doi.org/10.1021/je970077b . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Polák and Mertl, 1965
Polák, J.; Mertl, I., Saturated vapour pressure of methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, n-propyl acetate, methyl propionate, and ethyl propionate, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1965, 30, 10, 3526-3528, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19653526 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1972
Dykyj, J., Petrochemia, 1972, 12, 1, 13. [all data]

Svoboda, Uchytilová, et al., 1980
Svoboda, Václav; Uchytilová, Vera; Majer, Vladimír; Pick, Jirí, Heats of vaporization of alkyl esters of formic, acetic and propionic acids, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1980, 45, 12, 3233-3240, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19803233 . [all data]

Svoboda, Veselý, et al., 1977
Svoboda, V.; Veselý, F.; Holub, R.; Pick, J., Heats of vaporization of alkyl acetates and propionates, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1977, 42, 3, 943-951, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19770943 . [all data]

Essex and Sandholzer, 1938
Essex, H.; Sandholzer, M., The free energy of formation of ethyl propionate, J. Phys. Chem., 1938, 42, 317-333. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Vilcu and Perisanu, 1980
Vilcu, R.; Perisanu, S., The ideal gas state enthalpies of formation of some monomers, Rev. Roum. Chim., 1980, 25, 619-624. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Munson and Franklin, 1964
Munson, M.S.B.; Franklin, J.L., Energetics of some gaseous oxygenated organic ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1964, 68, 3191. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References