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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1525.Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1513.Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11489.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11490.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51518.Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993He, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.13 mm
CapillaryDB-51518.Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993, 2He, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.13 mm
CapillaryOV-1011492.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011494.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1531.Zaikin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 15. K/min, 270. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-11490.Paolini, Muselli, et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51511.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1510.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1510.Vujisic L., Vuckovic I., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryHP-51512.Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-51503.Choi, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51510.bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 75. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1511.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-11486.Chisholm, Jell, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-11488.Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-51503.Choi, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51511.Dural, Bagci, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51512.Fokialakis, Melliou, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51512.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51503.Choi, Kim. M.-S.L., et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1516.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51506.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51504.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-11490.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-11492.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-1011488.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011490.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedSE-301501.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51513.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillarySE-521510.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1803.Paolini, Muselli, et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1822.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1824.Choi, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1824.Choi, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1792.Brunton, Cronin, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1809.Choi, Kim. M.-S.L., et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1822.Choi and Sawamura, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1811.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1821.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1816.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101833.Chisholm, Wilson, et al., 2001Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOptima-51508.Al-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1510.Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1513.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryVF-51516.Li and Zhao, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-11495.Wetwiayaklung, Thavanapong, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 1. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51509.Pavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 200725. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51506.Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51518.Najafpour Navaei, Mirza, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1503.Rohloff and Bones, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11497.Choi, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11491.Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 2.5 K/min, 265. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11497.Choi, 2003, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51505.Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-11496.Tu, Onishi, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-11484.Valette, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51512.Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51503.Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51506.Ruberto, Biondi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryRTX-51507.Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 200220. m/0.18 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 3.5 min, 40. K/min, 290. C @ 0.5 min
CapillarySPB-51514.Poligné, Collignan, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011488.Yang, 2001N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51503.Mitiku, Sawamura, et al., 200030. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-301483.Ali N.A.M. and Jantan, 1999He, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySE-301483.Mohd and Jantan, 1999He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryUltra-21513.King, Matthews, et al., 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryOV-1011493.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011495.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1490.Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryUltra-21519.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryOV-1011488.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011490.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011490.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011495.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011490.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011491.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011491.Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011491.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011495.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1490.Lorenz, Stern, et al., 19834. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 80. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS1514.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1516.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1524.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1524.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51522.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 210 0C 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-51523.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11496.Wetwiayaklung, Thavanapong, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51518.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1517.Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -10 0C (3 min) 50 0C/min -> 40 0C 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1518.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryDB-51510.Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 200750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryHP-51510.Pavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 200725. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51518.Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-51524.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51518.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51523.Sides, Robards, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 10C/min => 110C => 5.7C/min => 200C => 40C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1486.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Phase thickness: 0.39 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryRSL-1501491.Buchbauer, Nikiforov, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C => 6C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1492.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101844.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1824.Choi, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1824.Choi, 2004, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1784.Tu, Onishi, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1805.Tu, Onishi, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1830.Kaya, Baser, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 220. C @ 10. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1800.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1824.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1782.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryInnowax FSC1830.Baser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1830.Duman, Kartal, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1830.Kosar, Özek, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1830.Altintas, Kose, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1830.Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10 min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1794.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998N2; Column length: 60. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryNB-3511800.Kerrola and Kallio, 199325. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m; Program: 40C(5min) => 4C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 240C(12min)

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5277.0Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006
Tayoub, G.; Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Rabier, J.; Ruzzier, M.; Viano, J., Composition of volatile oils of Styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) leaves at different phenological stages, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 34, 9, 705-709, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.05.008 . [all data]

Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 2
Tayoub, G.; Schwob, I.; Bessière, J.-M.; Rabier, J.; Masotti, V.; J.; M.; Girard, G.; Viano, J., Essential oil composition of leaf, flower and stem of Styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) from south-eastern France, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 809-812, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1731 . [all data]

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993
Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 3. A novel method for trapping volatile components from uncured and cured pork, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 6, 933-938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00030a019 . [all data]

Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993, 2
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Notes

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