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2-Propenal, 3-phenyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax1996.Riu-Aumatell, Castellari, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax1996.Riu-Aumatell, Castellari, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1986.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5MS1280.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, 40. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySLB-5MS1298.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, 40. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-51266.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11232.bin Jantan and bin Ahmad, 2002N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-11249.Stashenko, Prada, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-541259.5Shapi and Hesso, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 15. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5MS1273.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-521274.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2037.Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102039.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102049.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2029.Guillard, le Quere, et al., 1997H2, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2031.Guillard, le Quere, et al., 1997H2, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2019.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2033.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2034.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2017.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax2017.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1278.Pripdeevech and Saansoomchai, 201330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryBPX-51303.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51295.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51296.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51297.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51301.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51300.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryEquity-5 MS1273.Mondello, Casilli, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 1.5 K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-11251.Dongmo, Tatsadjieu, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 10. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-11231.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryFSOT-RSL-2001259.Schmidt, Jirovetz, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51260.Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-11235.Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 60. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51250.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-11222.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11223.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11223.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11227.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1252.Wang and Guo-Y. -L., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryOV-1011250.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-11223.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1266.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51258.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301250.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11231.Hathcock and Bertsch, 1993100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011250.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax2043.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101978.Vichi, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2007.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2007.Wu, Krings, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryTC-Wax2046.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1996.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2013.2Chyau, Chen, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.22 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-20M2018.Chaieb, Hajlaoui, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2003.Krings, Zelena, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1996.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax2063.Piasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(4min) => 10C/min => 230C(10min) => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1996.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Riu-Aumatell, Castellari, et al., 2004
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Castellari, M.; López-Tamames, E.; Galassi, S.; Buxaderas, S., Characterisation of volatile compounds of fruit juices and nectars by HS/SPME and GC/MS, Food Chem., 2004, 87, 4, 627-637, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.12.033 . [all data]

Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 1989
Nishimura, O.; Yamaguchi, K.; Mihara, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile Constituents of Guava Fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and Canned Puree, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 1, 139-142, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00085a033 . [all data]

Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 2007
Mondello, L.; Sciarrone, D.; Casilli, A.; Tranchida, P.Q.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G., Fast gas chromatography-full scan quadrupole mass spectrometry for the determination of allergens in fragrances, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 30, 12, 1905-1911, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600541 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 32-35, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1269 . [all data]

bin Jantan and bin Ahmad, 2002
bin Jantan, I.; bin Ahmad, F., Chemical constituents of the essential oils of Goniothalamus malayanus Hook. f. and Thoms., Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 372-374, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1107 . [all data]

Stashenko, Prada, et al., 1996
Stashenko, E.E.; Prada, N.Q.; Martínez, J.R., HRGC/FID/NP and HRGC/MSD study of Colombian Ylang-Ylang (Cananga odorata) oils obtained by different extraction techniques, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 6, 353-358, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190609 . [all data]

Shapi and Hesso, 1990
Shapi, M.M.; Hesso, A., Thermal decomposition of polystyrene volatile compounds from large-scale pyrolysis, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1990, 18, 2, 143-161, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(90)80004-8 . [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005
Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Karanja, P.N.; Sawamura, M., Volatile Constituents of Redblush Grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi) and Pummelo ( Citrus grandis) Peel Essential Oils from Kenya, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 25, 9790-9794, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051373s . [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7837-7843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051397z . [all data]

Chung, 2000
Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 5, 1803-1809, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991272s . [all data]

Guillard, le Quere, et al., 1997
Guillard, A.-S.; le Quere, J.-L.; Vendeuvre, J.-L., Emerging research approaches benefit to the study of cooked cured ham flavour, Food Chem., 1997, 59, 4, 567-572, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(97)00001-0 . [all data]

Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 1989
Fröhlich, O.; Duque, C.; Schreier, P., Volatile constituents of curuba (Passiflora mollissima) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 2, 421-425, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00086a033 . [all data]

Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986
Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Liu, S.-E.; Wu, C.-M., Volatile components of salted and pickled prunes (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 1, 140-144, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00067a038 . [all data]

Klesk and Qian, 2003
Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis of Cv. Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Cv. Evergreen (R. Iaciniatus L.) blackberries, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3436-3441, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0262209 . [all data]

Pripdeevech and Saansoomchai, 2013
Pripdeevech, P.; Saansoomchai, J., Antibacterial activity and chemical composition of essential oil and various extracts of Fagraea fragrans Roxb. flowers, Chiang Mai J. Sci., 2013, 40, 2, 214-223. [all data]

Bieri and Marriott, 2008
Bieri, S.; Marriott, P.J., Dual-injection system with multiply injections for determining sidimentional retention indexes in comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, Anal. Chem., 2008, 80, 3, 760-768, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac071367q . [all data]

Mondello, Casilli, et al., 2008
Mondello, L.; Casilli, A.; Tranchida, Q.; Sciarrone, D.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G., Analysis of allergens in fragrances using multiple heart-cut multidimentional gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, LC-GC Europe, 2008, 21, 130. [all data]

Dongmo, Tatsadjieu, et al., 2007
Dongmo, P.M.J.; Tatsadjieu, L.N.; Tchoumbougnang, F.; Sameza, M.L.; Dongmo, B.N.; Zollo, P.H.A.; Menut, C., Chemical composition, antiradical and antifungal activities os eeesntioal oil af the leaves of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume from Cameroon, Natural Product Communications, 2007, 2, 12, 1287-1290. [all data]

Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006
Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Perichet, C.; Lavoine, S., Characterization of the Chemical Composition of a Byproduct from Siam Benzoin Gum, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 23, 8848-8854, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061193y . [all data]

Schmidt, Jirovetz, et al., 2006
Schmidt, E.; Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Eller, G.A.; Stoilova, I.; Krastanov, A.; Stoyanova, A.; Geisseler, M., Composition and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume) leaves from Sri Lanka, Jeobp, 2006, 9, 2, 170-182. [all data]

Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 2006
Shen X.; Gao Y.; Su Q.D., Constituents of the essential oil of Rhizoma polygonati, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 556-558, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1666 . [all data]

Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 2005
Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Perichet, C.; Delbecque, C.; Arnaudo, J.-F., Chemical composition of the essential oils from Turkish and Honduras Styrax, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 70-73, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1370 . [all data]

Park, Lee, et al., 2004
Park, B.-S.; Lee, K.-G.; Takeoka, G.R., Comparison of three sample preparation methods on the recovery of volatiles from taheebo (Tabebuia impetiginosa Martius ex DC), Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 287-292, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1345 . [all data]

Wang and Guo-Y. -L., 2004
Wang, H.-Y.; Guo-Y. -L., Rapid analysis of the volatile compounds in the rhizomes of Rhodiola sachalinensis and Rhodiola sacra by static headspace-gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, Anal. Letters, 2004, 37, 10, 2151-2161, https://doi.org/10.1081/AL-200026690 . [all data]

Egolf and Jurs, 1993
Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 21, 3119-3126, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00069a027 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 98-100. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Hathcock and Bertsch, 1993
Hathcock, S.; Bertsch, W., Analysis of volatiles associated with industrial scale processing of expanded polystyrene. Part II: Identification and quantitation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 11, 651-659, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240161106 . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 1-12. [all data]

Vichi, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Vichi, S.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Mora-Pons, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods. HS-SPME coupled to GC/MS for quality control of Juniperus communis L. berries used for gin aromatization, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 4, 1748-1754, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.026 . [all data]

Wu, Krings, et al., 2005
Wu, S.; Krings, U.; Zorn, H.; Berger, R.G., Volatile compounds from the fruiting bodies of beefsteak fungus Fistulina hepatica (Schaeffer: Fr.) Fr., Food Chem., 2005, 92, 2, 221-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.07.013 . [all data]

Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 1996, 70, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Chyau, Chen, et al., 1992
Chyau, C.-C.; Chen, S.-Y.; Wu, C.-M., Differences of volatile and nonvolatile constituents between mature and ripe guave (Psidium guajava Linn) fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 5, 846-849, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00017a028 . [all data]

Chaieb, Hajlaoui, et al., 2007
Chaieb, K.; Hajlaoui, H.; Zmantar, T.; Ben Kahla-Nakbi, A.; Rouabhia, M.; Mahdouani, K.; Bakhrouf, A., The chemical composition and biological activity of clove essential oil, Eugenia caryophyllata (Syzigium aromaticum L. Myrtaceae): a short review, Phytoterapy Res., 2007, 21, 6, 501-506, https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2124 . [all data]

Krings, Zelena, et al., 2006
Krings, U.; Zelena, K.; Wu, S.; Berger, R.G., Thin-layer high-vacuum distillation to isolate volatile flavour compounds of cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 223, 5, 675-681, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-006-0252-x . [all data]

Piasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 2003
Piasenzotto, L.; Gracco, L.; Conte, L., Solid phase microextraction (SPME) applied to honey quality control, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2003, 83, 10, 1037-1044, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1502 . [all data]


Notes

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