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Benzene, n-butyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-12.8kJ/molN/AGood, 1975Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -62.9±1.2 kj/mol from Good, 1975 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 50.1 kj/mol from Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946.; DRB
Deltafgas-13.8 ± 1.3kJ/molCcbProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946Heat of combustion for gas phase =-1415.44 kcal/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas437.86J/mol*KN/AMesserly J.F., 1965S(298.15 K) estimated by the method of increments [ Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997, Taylor W.J., 1946] is 1-2 J/mol*K larger than experimental one.; GT

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-62.9 ± 1.2kJ/molCcbGood, 1975see Good, 1973; ALS
Deltafliquid-63.9 ± 1.3kJ/molCcbProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946Heat of combustion for gas phase =-1415.44 kcal/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-5873.0 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbGood, 1975see Good, 1973; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -62.93 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-5872.1 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946Heat of combustion for gas phase =-1415.44 kcal/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -63.85 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid321.21J/mol*KN/AMesserly, Todd, et al., 1965DH
liquid321.3J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931Extrapolation below 90 K, 78.95 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
241.298.15Good, 1973DH
243.34298.15Messerly, Todd, et al., 1965T = 10 to 380 K.; DH
203.293.Tschamler, 1948DH
240.2298.2Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931T = 94 to 298 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil456. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 41 out of 44 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus185.1 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 11 out of 12 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple185.30KN/AMesserly, Todd, et al., 1965, 2Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Ttriple185.14KN/AMesserly, Todd, et al., 1965, 2Metastable crystal phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Ttriple184.6KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc660.5 ± 0.5KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Tc660.5KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc660.05KN/AAmbrose, Broderick, et al., 1967Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tc660.45KN/AAmbrose, Cox, et al., 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; Visual, PRT, IPTS-48, with decomp.; TRC
Tc661.0KN/ASimon, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc28.9 ± 0.4barN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Pc28.87barN/AAmbrose, Broderick, et al., 1967Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.497l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.01 ± 0.04mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
rhoc2.009mol/lN/ASimon, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.075 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap51.37kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap50.8kJ/molN/ARu«7825»icka, Zábranský, et al., 1994AC
Deltavap50.1kJ/molN/AReid, 1972AC
Deltavap51.0 ± 2.9kJ/molVMesserly, Todd, et al., 1965, 3ALS
Deltavap50.1kJ/molN/AProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
38.87456.4N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
47.4 ± 0.2350.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 2002Based on data from 343. - 501. K. See also Verevkin, 2006.; AC
43.5 ± 0.2410.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 2002Based on data from 343. - 501. K.; AC
40.6 ± 0.4450.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 2002Based on data from 343. - 501. K.; AC
37.5 ± 0.7490.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 2002Based on data from 343. - 501. K.; AC
53.5258.N/AKasehgari, Mokbel, et al., 1993Based on data from 243. - 403. K.; AC
45.7384.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 369. - 463. K. See also Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949.; AC
48.0 ± 0.1343.CSvoboda, Charvátová, et al., 1982AC
46.8 ± 0.1358.CSvoboda, Charvátová, et al., 1982AC
46.0 ± 0.1368.CSvoboda, Charvátová, et al., 1982AC
45.2389.N/ALinek, Fried, et al., 1965Based on data from 374. - 454. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
343. - 368.73.640.3425660.5Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference
369.38 - 457.484.108081577.965-71.772Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
11.22185.3Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
10.979184.6Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
59.5184.6Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
11.259185.14crystaline, IIliquidMesserly, Todd, et al., 1965Metastable crystals.; DH
11.221185.30crystaline, IliquidMesserly, Todd, et al., 1965DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
60.81185.14crystaline, IIliquidMesserly, Todd, et al., 1965Metastable; DH
60.56185.30crystaline, IliquidMesserly, Todd, et al., 1965DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C6H7N+ + Benzene, n-butyl- = (C6H7N+ bullet Benzene, n-butyl-)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C10H14 = (C6H7N+ bullet C10H14)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
22.330.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

2Hydrogen + Benzene, 1-butynyl- = Benzene, n-butyl-

By formula: 2H2 + C10H10 = C10H14

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-262.3 ± 0.67kJ/molChydDavis, Allinger, et al., 1985liquid phase; solvent: Hexane; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.075 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.078 LN/A 
0.080 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.69 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)791.9kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity764.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.68EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
8.71 ± 0.01EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.69PIPrice, Bralsford, et al., 1959RDSH
8.69 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
8.69 ± 0.05PENagy-Felsobuki and Peel, 1979Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C7H7+10.67 ± 0.35C3H7CADKatritzky, Watson, et al., 1990LL
C7H7+9.93C3H7EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK
C7H8+9.78 ± 0.35C3H6CADKatritzky, Watson, et al., 1990LL
C7H8+10.3 ± 0.1C3H6EIBurgers, Terlouw, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C7H8+9.73 ± 0.04C3H6PIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1978LLK
C7H8+10.1 ± 0.1C3H6EILightner, Majeti, et al., 1972LLK
C8H9+9.98C2H5EIMcLoughlin, Morrison, et al., 1979LLK

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C6H7N+ + Benzene, n-butyl- = (C6H7N+ bullet Benzene, n-butyl-)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C10H14 = (C6H7N+ bullet C10H14)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
22.330.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 144
NIST MS number 228741

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Kuskov, et al., 1963
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 20006
Instrument unknown
Boiling point 183.3

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1140.1058.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-160.1039.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryCP Sil 280.1043.0Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101150.1062.9Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.1072.4Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryHP-160.1037.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.1037.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1046.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1047.Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1047.Engewald, Topalova, et al., 1987Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillarySqualane100.1036.Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987 
CapillaryOV-101145.1069.Grinberg, Tokarev, et al., 1984He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101145.1067.Grinberg, Tokarev, et al., 1984He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1046.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1048.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1046.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.1049.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10190.1043.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySE-3070.1039.6Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-30130.1058.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.1041.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1048.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.1054.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1060.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillarySqualane86.1032.3Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.1034.9Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1048.1Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.1053.6Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1060.0Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySE-3065.1037.4Kuchhal, Kumar, et al., 1980 
CapillarySqualane80.1029.4Kuchhal, Kumar, et al., 1980Column length: 45.7 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane100.1027.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane86.1032.3Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.1034.9Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.1037.Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane80.1029.42Soják and Rijks, 1976H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30110.1051.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30120.1056.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30130.1059.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
CapillarySE-30130.1057.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1060.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30150.1062.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30160.1063.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySE-30170.1066.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 6.1 m; Column diameter: 3.18 mm
CapillarySqualane100.1032.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-3065.1037.4Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane100.1035.8Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 10.5 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane115.1040.0Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane86.1033.0Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedApiezon L100.1065.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedSqualane120.1033.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane140.1040.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane100.1035.2Evans and Smith, 1967H2/N2=3/1, Celite; Column length: 2. m
PackedMethyl Silicone130.1047.Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51068.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-11040.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11042.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1011057.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011040.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L1063.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-1001047.4Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillarySqualane1039.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane1044.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-20M70.1309.1Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M140.1356.4Vernon and Suratman, 1983He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1362.1Vernon and Suratman, 1983He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M160.1367.7Vernon and Suratman, 1983He, A silanized white support; Column length: 2. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1284.0Kuchhal, Kumar, et al., 1980 
PackedCarbowax 20M115.1337.6Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb G
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1301.9Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1284.0Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.1328.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.1335.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000140.1343.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 400080.1321.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1306.Umano and Shibamoto, 1987He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1058.Kallio, Jussila, et al., 200620. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1061.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51053.7Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51053.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51050.1Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51053.7Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51055.9Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-11036.4Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryHP-51054.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-1011042.0Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillaryDB-11030.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryOV-11043.2Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51050.1Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51053.7Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51055.9Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51053.7Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51053.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-11054.Yu, Lin, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-11047.Peng, Hua, et al., 199230. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH1041.77White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH1042.19White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH1042.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-21066.4Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 15. K/min; Tstart: 60.01 C
CapillaryUltra-21056.4Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60.01 C
CapillaryUltra-21062.2Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 7. K/min; Tstart: 60.01 C
CapillaryUltra-21078.Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 15. K/min; Tstart: 120.01 C
CapillaryUltra-21071.8Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 120.01 C
CapillaryUltra-21074.5Akporhonor, le Vent, et al., 199025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 7. K/min; Tstart: 120.01 C
CapillaryDB-51051.Morinaga, Hara, et al., 199015. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 90. C
CapillaryUltra-11037.42Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11040.68Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11043.02Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21054.18Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21057.89Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21060.55Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011040.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1061.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-11024.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1066.87Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
CapillaryDB-11044.Mattinen, Tuominen, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
PackedSE-301058.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101322.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1324.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1325.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1304.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1308.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994He, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1306.Peng, Hua, et al., 199230. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1280.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1284.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane105.1049.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane75.1040.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane90.1044.Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.1048.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.1054.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.1060.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.1042.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.1054.Chen and Feng, 2006 
CapillaryOV-101100.1046.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.1047.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.1047.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.1047.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryOV-101100.1048.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 199550. m/0.30 mm/0.26 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillarySqualane95.41026.Sojak and Vigdergauz, 1978H2
CapillarySqualane110.1038.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane130.1045.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.1052.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB1051.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1053.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH1047.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-11046.Zenkevich, Ukolov, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 200. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1058.Hussam, Alauddin, et al., 200215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryBP-11052.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1046.3Shoenmakers, Oomen, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-11045.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryHP-51062.9Wang and Fingas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryUltra-21069.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-11045.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1039.Hartgers, Damste, et al., 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51068.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-51067.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991, 2He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-1011045.Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991Helium, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryOV-1011041.Stern, Flath, et al., 198550. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1054.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1058.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1064.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1055.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)1040.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1022.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011048.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1048.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1046.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1047.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11058.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillarySE-301040.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301048.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1047.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11041.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011046.Dimov, Osman, et al., 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011048.Matisová, Juranyiová, et al., 199152. m/0.25 mm/0.38 «mu»m, H2; Program: 70 - 160 C at 1.5 deg/min; 160 - 280 C at 15 deg/min 15 min at 280 C
CapillarySqualane1036.2Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1040.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1041.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1047.Bonchev, Mekenjan, et al., 1979Program: not specified
PackedSqualane1033.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min => 35 => 4C/min => 95C(hold)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1320.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1321.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M120.1332.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M140.1348.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M160.1359.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M80.1310.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1284.Sutter, Peterson, et al., 1997 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1269.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1301.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1323.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 199360. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1271.Herain, MRAVEC, et al., 199170. C @ 21. min, 5. K/min, 150. C @ 999. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1310.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1312.Gyawali and Kim, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101319.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1310.Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 200660. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C(20min) => 5C/min => 230C
CapillarySupelcowax-101297.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1310.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1309.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1284.Ivanciuc, Ivanciuc, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP1338.Lopez, Lavilla, et al., 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C(2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryFFAP1338.López, Lavilla, et al., 199850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C (1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1312.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryPEG-20M1309.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1312.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1316.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1291.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS170.Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Good, 1975
Good, W.D., The standard enthalpies of combustion and formation of n-butylbenzene, the dimethylethylbenzenes, and the tetramethylbenzenes in the condensed state, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1975, 7, 49-59. [all data]

Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946
Prosen, E.J.; Johnson, W.H.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and formation at 25°C of the alkylbenzenes through C10H14, and of the higher normal monoalkylbenzenes, J. Res. NBS, 1946, 36, 455-461. [all data]

Messerly J.F., 1965
Messerly J.F., Low-temperature thermodynamic properties of n-propyl- and n-butyl-benzene, J. Phys. Chem., 1965, 69, 4304-4310. [all data]

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Taylor W.J., 1946
Taylor W.J., Heats, equilibrium constants, and free energies of formation of the alkylbenzenes, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1946, 37, 95-122. [all data]

Good, 1973
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Notes

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