Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Diphenyl ether

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-6113.7 ± 3.8kJ/molCcbCass, Fletcher, et al., 1958Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -6113. ± 4. kJ/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -37.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-32.11 ± 0.93kJ/molCcbFurukawa, Ginnings, et al., 1951ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-6119.24 ± 0.88kJ/molCcbFurukawa, Ginnings, et al., 1951Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -32.03 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar233.91J/mol*KN/AFurukawa, Ginnings, et al., 1951DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
216.56298.15Ginnings and Furukawa, 1953T = 14 to 570 K.; DH
216.56298.15Furukawa, Ginnings, et al., 1951T = 18 to 570 K.; DH
215.9298.5Smith and Andrews, 1931T = 102 to 298 K.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil532.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil531.1KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil523.65KN/ABeringer, Brierley, et al., 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Tboil531.46KN/ADreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
Tboil532.5KN/ALecat, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus300.1 ± 0.4KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple300.01KN/AMarsh, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.003 K; values recommended as calibration standards; TRC
Ttriple300.03KN/AGinnings and Furukawa, 1953, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc766.8KN/AAmbrose, Broderick, et al., 1974Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc788.15KN/AGlaser and Ruland, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc767.2KN/AZhuravlev, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc31.4107barN/AGlaser and Ruland, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0265 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap67.1kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 353. - 393. K.; AC
Deltavap65.0kJ/molN/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1976Based on data from 477. - 544. K.; AC
Deltavap66.9 ± 0.3kJ/molVMorawetz, 1972ALS
Deltavap66.1 ± 0.4kJ/molCMorawetz, 1972, 2See also Collerson, Counsell, et al., 1965.; AC
Deltavap64.9 ± 2.1kJ/molVBent and Francel, 1948Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 64.0 ± 2.1 kJ/mol; ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
53.0492.GS,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 477. - 544. K. See also Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1976.; AC
64.2323.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 313. - 333. K. See also Bent and Francel, 1948.; AC
48.2531.N/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1976Based on data from 477. - 544. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference
477.36 - 544.094.136781800.415-95.324Collerson, Counsell, et al., 1965, 2

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
17.215300.03N/AGinnings and Furukawa, 1953DH
17.216300.02N/AFurukawa, Ginnings, et al., 1951DH
17.21300.N/ADomalski and Hearing, 1996AC
16.51300.4DSCBabich, Hwang, et al., 1992AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
57.38300.03Ginnings and Furukawa, 1953DH
57.38300.02Furukawa, Ginnings, et al., 1951DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 6610

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cass, Fletcher, et al., 1958
Cass, R.C.; Fletcher, S.E.; Mortimer, C.T.; Springall, H.D.; White, T.R., Heats of combustion and molecular structure. Part V. The mean bond energy term for the C-O bond in ethers, and the structures of some cyclic ethers, J. Chem. Soc., 1958, 1406-1410. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Furukawa, Ginnings, et al., 1951
Furukawa, G.T.; Ginnings, D.C.; McCoskey, R.E.; Nelson, R.A., Calorimetric properties of diphenyl ether from 0° to 570°K, J. Res. NBS, 1951, 46, 195-206. [all data]

Ginnings and Furukawa, 1953
Ginnings, D.C.; Furukawa, G.T., Heat capacity standards for the range 14 to 1200°K, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1953, 75, 522-527. [all data]

Smith and Andrews, 1931
Smith, R.H.; Andrews, D.H., Thermal energy studies. II. Phenyl derivatives of metals, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3661-3667. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Beringer, Brierley, et al., 1953
Beringer, F.M.; Brierley, A.; Drexler, M.; Gindler, E.M.; Lumpkin, C.C., Diaryliodonium Salts II. The Phenylation of Organic and Inorganic Bases, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1953, 75, 2708. [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2875-8. [all data]

Lecat, 1927
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 6th list, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. B, 1927, 47, 63-71. [all data]

Marsh, 1987
Marsh, K.N., Recommended Reference Materials for the Realization of Physicochemical Properties, Blackwell Sci. Pub., Oxford, 1987. [all data]

Ginnings and Furukawa, 1953, 2
Ginnings, D.C.; Furukawa, G.T., Heat Capacity Standards for the Range 14 to 1200 K, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1953, 75, 522-7. [all data]

Ambrose, Broderick, et al., 1974
Ambrose, D.; Broderick, B.E.; Townsend, R., The Critical Temperatures and Pressures of Thirty Organic Compounds, J. Appl. Chem. Biotechnol., 1974, 24, 359. [all data]

Glaser and Ruland, 1957
Glaser, F.; Ruland, H., Untersuchungsen über dampfdruckkurven und kritische daten einiger technisch wichtiger organischer substanzen, Chem. Ing. Techn., 1957, 29, 772. [all data]

Zhuravlev, 1937
Zhuravlev, D.I., Crit. Temp. and Orthobaric Density of Diphenyl Ether and Napphthalene naphthalene, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1937, 9, 875. [all data]

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)90670-3 . [all data]

Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1976
Ambrose, D.; Ellender, J.H.; Sprake, C.H.S.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds XLIII. Vapour pressures of some ethers, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1976, 8, 2, 165-178, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(76)90090-2 . [all data]

Morawetz, 1972
Morawetz, E., Enthalpies of vaporization for a number of aromatic compounds, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1972, 4, 455. [all data]

Morawetz, 1972, 2
Morawetz, Ernst, Enthalpies of vaporization for a number of aromatic compounds, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1972, 4, 3, 455-460, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(72)90029-8 . [all data]

Collerson, Counsell, et al., 1965
Collerson, R.R.; Counsell, J.F.; Handley, R.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., 677. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XV. Purification and vapour pressures of some ketones and ethers, J. Chem. Soc., 1965, 3697, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9650003697 . [all data]

Bent and Francel, 1948
Bent, H.E.; Francel, R.J., The vapor pressure of "Mustard Gas" («beta»,«beta»'-dichloroethylsufide), diphenyl ether and their mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 634-637. [all data]

Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986
Pedley, J.B.; Naylor, R.D.; Kirby, S.P., Thermochemical Data of Organic Compounds, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1986, 1-792. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Collerson, Counsell, et al., 1965, 2
Collerson, R.R.; Counsell, J.F.; Handley, R.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part XV. Purification and Vapour Pressures of Some Ketones and Ethers, J. Chem. Soc., 1965, 3697-3700, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9650003697 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Babich, Hwang, et al., 1992
Babich, M.W.; Hwang, S.W.; Mounts, R.D., The search for novel energy storage materials using differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochimica Acta, 1992, 210, 83-88, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(92)80279-6 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References