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Aniline, N-methyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas83.9 ± 6.3kJ/molCmGuthrie, Barker, et al., 1993 
Deltafgas85.4kJ/molCcbVriens and Hill, 1952 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid33.4 ± 7.5kJ/molCmGuthrie, Barker, et al., 1993ALS
Deltafliquid32.kJ/molCcbVriens and Hill, 1952ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4073.kJ/molCcbVriens and Hill, 1952ALS
Deltacliquid-4077.kJ/molCcbGarner and Abernethy, 1921ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
207.1298.Lesbats and Lichanot, 1987T = 220 to 325 K.; DH
230.1290.Kurnakov and Voskresenskaya, 1936DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil468. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 13 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus216.KN/ALesbats and Lichanot, 1987DH
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc51.9797barN/AHerz and Neukirch, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7092 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap50.5 ± 4.2kJ/molEGuthrie, Barker, et al., 1993ALS
Deltavap50.5kJ/molN/AGuthrie, Barker, et al., 1993DRB
Deltavap53.1kJ/molVVriens and Hill, 1952ALS
Deltavap53.4kJ/molN/AVriens and Hill, 1952DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
53.6324.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 309. - 469. K.; AC
45.35466.6VMathews and Fehlandt, 1931ALS

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
323. - 472.764.994092226.576-22.456Nelson and Wales, 1925Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C7H9N+ + Aniline, N-methyl- = (C7H9N+ bullet Aniline, N-methyl-)

By formula: C7H9N+ + C7H9N = (C7H9N+ bullet C7H9N)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.5J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C7H8N- + Hydrogen cation = Aniline, N-methyl-

By formula: C7H8N- + H+ = C7H9N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1526. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSTaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1496. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Aniline, N-methyl- = 0.5Benzenamine, N,N-dimethyl- + 0.5Aniline

By formula: C7H9N = 0.5C8H11N + 0.5C6H7N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.kJ/molEqkMatvienko, Kachurin, et al., 1982liquid phase; Methansulfonic acid; ALS
Deltar-4.kJ/molKinKachurin, Matvienko, et al., 1979liquid phase; ALS

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman

View reactions leading to C7H9N+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)7.32 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)916.6kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity890.1kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.38 ± 0.05EQMautner(Meot-Ner), Nelsen, et al., 1984LBLHLM
7.3PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983LBLHLM
7.35 ± 0.02PEMaier and Turner, 1973LLK
7.32PECowling and Johnstone, 1973LLK
7.30 ± 0.05PIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1964RDSH
7.34 ± 0.02PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
7.53PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
7.73PEBaker, May, et al., 1968Vertical value; RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H6+10.98 ± 0.09?EISelim, Rabbih, et al., 1992LL
C7H8N+11.0 ± 0.1HPIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1964RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C7H8N- + Hydrogen cation = Aniline, N-methyl-

By formula: C7H8N- + H+ = C7H9N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1526. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSTaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1496. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C7H9N+ + Aniline, N-methyl- = (C7H9N+ bullet Aniline, N-methyl-)

By formula: C7H9N+ + C7H9N = (C7H9N+ bullet C7H9N)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.5J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 291377

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Grammaticakis, 1949
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 424
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point -57
Boiling point 196.2

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101150.1040.4Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.1052.2Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M150.1726.6Ellis and Still, 1979Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS
PackedPEG-2000179.1747.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000180.1737.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.1746.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.1750.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-20M210.1719.8Still, Evans, et al., 1972Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-20M210.1717.9Still, Evans, et al., 1972Chromosorb G; Column length: 3. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-11035.Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
PackedSE-301056.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988He, Supelcoport and Chromosorb, 40. C @ 4. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Column length: 3.05 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1062.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1056.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51069.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-11041.Thomas and Bassols, 19925. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryUltra-11031.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1041.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax1746.Thomas and Bassols, 19925. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1686.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1711.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Guthrie, Barker, et al., 1993
Guthrie, J.P.; Barker, J.; Cullimore, P.A.; Lu, J.; Pike, D.C., The tetrahedral intermediate from the hydration of N-methylformanilide, Can. J. Chem., 1993, 71, 2111-2122. [all data]

Vriens and Hill, 1952
Vriens, G.N.; Hill, A.G., Equilibria of several reactions of aromatic amines, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1952, 44, 2732-27. [all data]

Garner and Abernethy, 1921
Garner, W.E.; Abernethy, C.L., Heats of combustion and formation of nitro-compounds. Part I. - Benzene, toluene, phenol and methylaniline series, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A, 1921, 213-235. [all data]

Lesbats and Lichanot, 1987
Lesbats, C.; Lichanot, A., Capacites calorifiques de durcisseurs amines et resines epoxydes, Thermochim. Acta, 1987, 109, 317-329. [all data]

Kurnakov and Voskresenskaya, 1936
Kurnakov, N.S.; Voskresenskaya, N.K., Calorimetry of liquid binary systems, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Otdel. Mat. i Estestv. Nauk. Ser. Khim, 1936, 1936, 439-461. [all data]

Herz and Neukirch, 1923
Herz, W.; Neukirch, E., On Knowldge of the Critical State, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1923, 104, 433-50. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Mathews and Fehlandt, 1931
Mathews, J.H.; Fehlandt, P.R., The heats of vaporization of some organic compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3212-32. [all data]

Nelson and Wales, 1925
Nelson, O.A.; Wales, H., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of Mono- and Dimthylanilines and Mono- and Diethylanilines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 3, 867-872, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01680a040 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and El-Shall, 1986
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; El-Shall, M.S., Ionic Charge Transfer Complexes. 1. Cationic Complexes with Delocalized and Partially Localized pi Systems, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1986, 108, 15, 4386, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00275a026 . [all data]

Taft, 1987
Taft, R.W., The Nature and Analysis of Substitutent Electronic Effects, Personal communication. See also Prog. Phys. Org. Chem., 1987, 16, 1. [all data]

Matvienko, Kachurin, et al., 1982
Matvienko, N.M.; Kachurin, O.I.; Chekhuta, V.G., Kinetics and equilibrium of the transalkylation reaction of N-methylarylamines, Russ. Chem. Rev., 1982, 48, 42-45. [all data]

Kachurin, Matvienko, et al., 1979
Kachurin, O.I.; Matvienko, N.M.; Chekhuta, V.G., Disproportionation of N-methylaniline, Russ. Chem. Rev., 1979, 45, 43-47. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Mautner(Meot-Ner), Nelsen, et al., 1984
Mautner(Meot-Ner), M.; Nelsen, S.F.; Willi, M.R.; Frigo, T.B., Special effects of an unusually large neutral to radical cation geometry change. Adiabatic ionization energies and proton affinities of alkylhydrazines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 7384. [all data]

Klasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983
Klasinc, L.; Kovac, B.; Gusten, H., Photoelectron spectra of acenes. Electronic structure and substituent effects, Pure Appl. Chem., 1983, 55, 289. [all data]

Maier and Turner, 1973
Maier, J.P.; Turner, D.W., Steric inhibition of resonance studied by molecular photoelectron spectroscopy Part 3. Anilines, Phenols and Related Compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1973, 69, 521. [all data]

Cowling and Johnstone, 1973
Cowling, S.A.; Johnstone, R.A.W., Photoelectron spectroscopy: The effects of steric inhibition to resonance in anilines, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1973, 2, 161. [all data]

Akopyan and Vilesov, 1964
Akopyan, M.E.; Vilesov, F.I., Excited states of positive ions and dissociative photoionization of aromatic amines, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1964, 158, 1386, In original 965. [all data]

Vilesov and Terenin, 1957
Vilesov, F.I.; Terenin, A.N., The photoionization of the vapors of certain organic compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1957, 115, 744, In original 539. [all data]

Baker, May, et al., 1968
Baker, A.D.; May, D.P.; Turner, D.W., Molecular photoelectron spectroscopy. Part VII. The vertical ionisation potentials of benzene and some of its monosubstituted and 1,4-disubstituted derivatives, J. Chem. Soc. B, 1968, 22. [all data]

Selim, Rabbih, et al., 1992
Selim, E.T.M.; Rabbih, M.A.; Fahmey, M.A.; Hawash, M.F., Electron impact study of [C6H6]+ fragment ions produced from isomeric C7H9N precursors using the deconvoluted first differential technique and kinetic release measurements, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1992, 113, 133. [all data]

Grammaticakis, 1949
Grammaticakis, P., Contribution a l'etude de l'absorption dans l'ultraviolet moyen des anilines orthosubstituees. I. Orthoalcoylanilines N substituees, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1949, 16, 134-145. [all data]

Cha and Lee, 1994
Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 1994, 38, 2, 108-120, retrieved from http://journal.kcsnet.or.kr/publi/dh/dh94n2/108.pdf. [all data]

Ellis and Still, 1979
Ellis, T.S.; Still, R.H., Thermal degradation of polymers. XXI. Vacuum pyrolysis of poly(m-N,N-dimethylaminostyrene); the products volatile at pyrolysis temperature, liquid at room temperature, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1979, 23, 10, 2837-2854, https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1979.070231002 . [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., 1973, 1, 51-63. [all data]

Still, Evans, et al., 1972
Still, R.H.; Evans, M.B.; Whitehead, A., Thermal Degradation of Polymers. V. Vacuum Pyrolysis of Poly (p-N,N-dimethylaminostyrene) . The Products Volatile at Pyrolysis Temperature, Liquid or Gaseous at Room Temperature, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1972, 16, 12, 3207-3221, https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1972.070161213 . [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 436, 137-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94575-8 . [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Maltby, D., Prediction of retention indexes. III. Silylated derivatives of polar compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 113-129, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80029-G . [all data]

Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993
Moio, L.; Dekimpe, J.; Etievant, P.; Addeo, F., Neutral volatile compounds in the raw milks from different species, J. Dairy Res., 1993, 60, 2, 199-213, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900027515 . [all data]

Thomas and Bassols, 1992
Thomas, A.F.; Bassols, F., Occurrence of pyridines and other bases in orange oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 11, 2236-2243, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00023a037 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Zenkevich, 1999
Zenkevich, I.G., Precalculation of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Boiling Points of their Structural Analogues, Zh. Struct. Khim., 1999, 40, 1, 121-130. [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]


Notes

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