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Benzaldehyde

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Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSDB-5MSHP-5MSSPB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.251.1.
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.200.250.230.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 1.1.8.2.2.
Final hold (min) 10.10.30.10.10.
I 960.921.958.969.971.
ReferenceCho, Namgung, et al., 2008Cho, Namgung, et al., 2008Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007Engel and Ratel, 2007Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-PetroDB-PetroHP-5HP-5MSDB-5MS
Column length (m) 50.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas   HeHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.20.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.50.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.50.50.60.40.
Tend (C) 270.270.250.280.285.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.4.4.4.3
Initial hold (min)   4.5. 
Final hold (min)   10.  
I 927.2928.5961.959.959.
ReferencePang T., Zhu S., et al., 2007Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 2007Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 2007Radulovic, Lazarevic, et al., 2007Radulovic, Misic, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-5HP-5MSDB-5
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.80.60.
Tend (C) 200.240.250.300.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.5.4.3.
Initial hold (min)   2.  
Final hold (min) 60. 5.  
I 978.961.933.965.6955.
ReferenceRout, Rao, et al., 2007Telascrea, de Araujo, et al., 2007Wu, Zorn, et al., 2007Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007Bastos, Ishimoto, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Mega 5MSSPB-5DB-5HP-5HP-5MS
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeN2N2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.40.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 240.230.240.220.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.5.3.
Initial hold (min)  5.3.10. 
Final hold (min)  5.3.  
I 968.967.961.964.958.
ReferenceCondurso, Verzera, et al., 2006Deport, Ratel, et al., 2006Dob, Dahmane, et al., 2006Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2006Kukic J., Petrovic S., et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 8 CBHP-1DB-1HP-5MSDB-1
Column length (m) 50.25.25.30.30.
Carrier gas  He HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.20.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.330.330.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.50.60.60.
Tend (C) 220.300.300.280.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.4.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.3.   
Final hold (min) 30.30.   
I 956.926.974.945.965.
ReferenceMahadevan and Farmer, 2006Nath, Baruah, et al., 2006Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 2006Pavlovic, Kovacevic, et al., 2006Rezazadeh, Hamedani, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5MSHP-5MSHP-5MSHP-5
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeH2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.50.80.60.
Tend (C) 240.280.285.300.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.34.10.
Initial hold (min)  5.  2.
Final hold (min)     10.
I 961.963.929.964.9968.
ReferenceRezazadeh, Hamedani, et al., 2006Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006Vujisic L., Vuckovic I., et al., 2006Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006Zhao J.Y., Liu J.M., et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 5 CBRTX-5DB-5CP-Sil 8CB-MS5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane
Column length (m) 25.30.30.0.30.
Carrier gas HeN2H2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.40.250.250.251.
Tstart (C) 80.40.35.40.40.
Tend (C) 270.300.270.280.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.5.5.4.7.
Initial hold (min)  2. 2.10.
Final hold (min)  10.20.5.5.
I 941.968.6961.969.986.
ReferenceZiegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005Alves, Pinto, et al., 2005Elmore, Cooper, et al., 2005Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5HP-5HP-5DB-1DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.25.25.
Carrier gas N2N2N2 N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.60.60.75.
Tend (C) 230.220.220.180.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.5.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.10.10.10.10.
Final hold (min) 10.  10.1.
I 968.963.971.961.960.
ReferenceFang and Qian, 2005Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005, 2bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5MSHP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.25.25.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.20.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.251.1.
Tstart (C) 60.50.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 260.250.250.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.4.5.5.
Initial hold (min)  5.2.  
Final hold (min)  15.20.5.5.
I 959.968.961.979.979.
ReferenceJavidnia, Miri, et al., 2005Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 2005Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5HP-5MSHP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.50.60.
Tend (C) 280.250.280.290.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.3.4.5.
Initial hold (min)  2.  10.
Final hold (min) 5.5.   
I 979.933.956.960.962.
ReferenceSolina, Baumgartner, et al., 2005Wu, Zorn, et al., 2005Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 2004Flach A., Dondon R.C., et al., 2004Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-5HP-5MSCP-Sil 8CB-MSHP-5DB-5MS
Column length (m) 0.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas  He HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.40.60.40.
Tend (C) 265.280.280.260.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 7.4.4.3.4.
Initial hold (min)  5.2. 2.
Final hold (min) 5. 5.  
I 970.959.972.957.959.
ReferenceGocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 2004Grujic-Jovanovic, Skaltsa, et al., 2004Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 2004Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004Mardarowicz, Wianowska, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5SPB-5SPB-5DB-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.1
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.50.-30.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.290.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.4.10.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2. 1.
Final hold (min) 20.20.20. 5.
I 961.961.960.960.958.
ReferencePíno, Marbot, et al., 2004Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 2Reis, Pansarim, et al., 2004Siegmund and Murkovic, 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSDB-5BPX-5DB-5DB-1
Column length (m) 30.25.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeN2N2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.75.75.60.40.
Tend (C) 200.210.210.240.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.10.10.  
Final hold (min) 20.1.1.30.20.
I 962.960.960.963.924.
ReferenceZheng, Kim, et al., 2004bin Ahmad and bin Jantan, 2003bin Ahmad and bin Jantan, 2003, 2Bader, Caponi, et al., 2003Brat, Rega, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Sil 8CB-MSHP-5HP-5Ultra-2SPB-1
Column length (m) 60.30.30.25.30.
Carrier gas  N2N2H2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.330.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.60.40.35.
Tend (C) 280.220.220.280.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.5.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.10.10.2.5.
Final hold (min) 5.  10.20.
I 972.963.963.955.924.
ReferenceBruna, Hierro, et al., 2003Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2003Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2003Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 2003Chisholm, Jell, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5DB-5DB-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 220.220.240.240.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.3.3.5.
Initial hold (min) 10.10.  10.
Final hold (min)      
I 963.963.963.963.962.
ReferenceDural, Bagci, et al., 2003Ertugrul, Dural, et al., 2003Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2003Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5HP-5MSHP-5MSCP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m) 30.25.60.30.60.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 220.260.310.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.4.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 10. 1. 10.
Final hold (min)   20. 60.
I 963.960.963.961.923.
ReferenceFlamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003, 3Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2003Lalel, Singh, et al., 2003Mimica-Dukic, Kujundzic, et al., 2003Pino, Almora, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5HP-1HP-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.330.250.251.
Tstart (C) 60.40.60.40.50.
Tend (C) 250.260.280.275.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.4.7.2.5
Initial hold (min) 2.5.5.  
Final hold (min) 20.20.   
I 961.951.959.996.965.2
ReferencePino, Marbot, et al., 2003Senatore, Rigano, et al., 2003Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003Valim, Rouseff, et al., 2003Xu, van Stee, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BPX-5HP-5MSDB-5HP-5MSCP Sil 8 CB
Column length (m) 50.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas  HeHe He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.251.0.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.50.50.40.
Tend (C) 250.300.200.280.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.2.53.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.  5.8.
Final hold (min) 20.   10.
I 988.958.962.961.982.
ReferenceBredie, Mottram, et al., 2002Couladis, Chinou, et al., 2002Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 2002Demetzos, Angelopoulou, et al., 2002Duckham, Dodson, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 8 CBCP Sil 8 CBDB-5DB-1DB-5
Column length (m) 60.60.30.25.25.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25  
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.60.70.
Tend (C) 250.280.240.180.275.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.3.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 8.2. 10. 
Final hold (min) 10.  10. 
I 983.971.963.931.961.
ReferenceDuckham, Dodson, et al., 2002Elmore, Campo, et al., 2002Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2002bin Jantan and bin Ahmad, 2002Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5CP Sil 8 CBCP Sil 5 CBSPB-5
Column length (m) 30.25.60.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.70.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 260.260.250.280.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min)   8.6.2.
Final hold (min)   10. 20.
I 961.961.967.919.961.
ReferenceJavidnia, Miri, et al., 2002, 2Miri, Ramezani, et al., 2002Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 5 CBCP Sil 5 CBHP-5HP-5CP-Sil 8CB-MS
Column length (m) 30.50.30.30.60.
Carrier gas H2HeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.40.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.40.
Tend (C) 280.280.280.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.3.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 10.10. 5.2.
Final hold (min) 40.60.   
I 924.924.931.951.972.
ReferencePino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 3Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 4Pitarokili, Couladis, et al., 2002Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 2001Bruna, Hierro, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5DB-1SPB-SulfurDB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHe H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.501.4.0.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 380.280.220.200.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.2.4.3.
Initial hold (min)   5.12.5 
Final hold (min)      
I 962.963.929.936.7980.
ReferenceCouladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 2001Couladis, Tzakou, et al., 2001Kim, 2001de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 2001Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BPX-5BPX-5BPX-5BPX-5CP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.4
Tstart (C) 35.35.35.35.60.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.250.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.3.3.3.10.
Final hold (min) 10.10.10.10.60.
I 979.983.978.983.923.
ReferenceOruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 2001Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 2001Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 2001Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 2001Pino and Marbot, 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 5 CBHP-5MSSE-54SE-54DB-1
Column length (m) 50.30.25.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHe  H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.310.310.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.40.25  0.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.35.35.40.
Tend (C) 280.280.230.230.245.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.4.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 10.5.3.3.3.
Final hold (min) 60. 10.10.20.
I 923.959.961.33962.09926.
ReferencePino, Marbot, et al., 2001Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 2001Yin, Xiu, et al., 2001Yin, Xiu, et al., 2001Brat, Brillouet, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 8 CBBP-5HP-5DB-5MSCP Sil 8 CB
Column length (m) 60.50.30.30.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.0.250.25 
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 280.190.200.200.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.5. 5.
Final hold (min)   20. 30.
I 973.962.957.954.955.
ReferenceElmore, Mottram, et al., 2000Escudero, Cacho, et al., 2000Kim, Thuy, et al., 2000Chassagne, Boulanger, et al., 1999Chevance and Farmer, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1OV-1OV-1BPX-5OV-1
Column length (m) 60.20.20.50.25.
Carrier gas  HeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.30.30.500.3
Tstart (C) -50.45.45.40.50.
Tend (C) 175.220.220.280.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.10.10.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.5. 1.
Final hold (min)  10.10. 20.
I 931.3927.929.988.925.
ReferenceHelmig, Klinger, et al., 1999Valero, Sanz, et al., 1999Valero, Sanz, et al., 1999Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 1998Bicchi, Rubiolo, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-54SE-54DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 25.25.30.30.30.
Carrier gas H2H2 H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.310.310.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)   1.1.1.
Tstart (C) 35.35.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.210.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.3.5.  
Final hold (min)   20.  
I 960.962.958.965.968.
ReferenceLi, Wang, et al., 1998Li, Wang, et al., 1998Madruga and Mottram, 1998Moio and Addeo, 1998Moio and Addeo, 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1DB-1DB-1DB-1
Column length (m) 30.25.25.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.20.20.2480.248
Phase thickness (mum) 5.0.110.110.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.50.50.50.50.
Tend (C) 270.250.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.5.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 1.  5.5.
Final hold (min)      
I 950.933.934.925.925.
ReferenceBartelt, 1997Warthen, Lee, et al., 1997Warthen, Lee, et al., 1997DeMilo, Lee, et al., 1996DeMilo, Lee, et al., 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1DB-5SE-30DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.60.50.30.
Carrier gas He   H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2480.250.330.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.0.250.251.
Tstart (C) 50.-50.-50.50.40.
Tend (C) 250.180.180.250.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.6.6.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.    
Final hold (min)      
I 925.920.9960.2927.968.
ReferenceDeMilo, Lee, et al., 1996Helmig, Pollock, et al., 1996Helmig, Pollock, et al., 1996Misharina and Golovnya, 1996Moio L., Rillo L., et al., 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1DB-1DB-1HP-101
Column length (m) 60.30.30.60.50.
Carrier gas HeN2N2 N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.251. 
Tstart (C) 50.150.150.-50.70.
Tend (C) 250.280.280.180.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.53.3.6.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.  4. 
Final hold (min)      
I 945.932.932.931.965.
ReferenceStashenko, Prada, et al., 1996Coen, Engel, et al., 1995Coen, Engel, et al., 1995Kaiser and Siegl, 1994Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1OV-101OV-101HP-1OV-101
Column length (m) 60.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas HeN2N2 He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25  1.50.50
Tstart (C) 40.80.80.40.50.
Tend (C) 280.200.200.220.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 3.    
Final hold (min) 10.  30. 
I 995.946.947.944.950.
ReferenceAdedeji, Hartman, et al., 1992Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992Zhang, Dorjpalam, et al., 1992Misharina, Aerove, et al., 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30DB-1DB-1SE-54SE-54
Column length (m) 50.50.60.25.25.
Carrier gas  He HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.05 0.150.15
Tstart (C) 50.40.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 240.260.250.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.4.5.5.
Initial hold (min)   0.11.1.
Final hold (min)  40. 15.15.
I 926.956.979.953.7953.7
ReferenceMisharina, Golovnya, et al., 1991Wu, Kuo, et al., 1991Flath, Light, et al., 1990Shapi and Hesso, 1990Shapi and Hesso, 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-54BP-1DB-1DB-5SPB-1
Column length (m) 25.12.60.0.3260.
Carrier gas HeH2HeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.32 0.251.0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.15 0.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.30.35.
Tend (C) 280.240.220.180.235.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.4.2.1.52.
Initial hold (min) 1.2. 5.10.
Final hold (min) 15.75.10. 40.
I 953.7923.925.963.915.
ReferenceShapi and Hesso, 1990Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989Zhang and Ho, 1989Guichard and Souty, 1988Huang, Bruechert, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-1OV-101OV-1SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 60.50.50.25.25.
Carrier gas HeHeH2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.20.30.3
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25    
Tstart (C) 35.40.50.100.100.
Tend (C) 235.250.200.  
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.10.14.
Initial hold (min) 10.4.   
Final hold (min) 40. 55.  
I 915.950.964.942.933.
ReferenceHuang, Bruechert, et al., 1987Misharina, Vitt, et al., 1986Wu and Liou, 1986Korhonen and Knuutinen, 1984Korhonen and Knuutinen, 1984
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30OV-101OV-1OV-1
Column length (m) 25.2.5183.183.
Carrier gas N2  N2
Substrate  Gas-Chrom Q  
Column diameter (mm) 0.3 0.762 
Phase thickness (mum)     
Tstart (C) 100.50.0.0.
Tend (C)  220.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.2.1.1.
Initial hold (min)     
Final hold (min)     
I 929.944.935.932.
ReferenceKorhonen and Knuutinen, 1984Nixon, Wong, et al., 1979Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006
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Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 2006
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Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006
Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1104, 1-2, 313-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.087 . [all data]

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Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2006, 82, 1-2, 218-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.08.008 . [all data]

Zhao J.Y., Liu J.M., et al., 2006
Zhao J.Y.; Liu J.M.; Zhang X.Y.; Liu Z.J.; Tsering T.; Zhong Y.; Nan P., Chemical composition of the volatiles of three wild Bergenia species from western China, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 431-434, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1689 . [all data]

Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006
Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; König, W.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oils of three wood-rotting fungi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 813-816, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1732 . [all data]

Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005
Ádámová, M.; Orinák, A.; Halás, L., Retention indices as identification tool in pyrolysis-capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1087, 1-2, 131-141, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.01.003 . [all data]

Alves, Pinto, et al., 2005
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Elmore, Cooper, et al., 2005
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Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 2005
Estevez, M.; Ventanas, S.; Ramirez, R.; Cava, R., Influence of the Addition of Rosemary Essential Oil on the Volatiles Pattern of Porcine Frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 21, 8317-8324, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051025q . [all data]

Fang and Qian, 2005
Fang, Y.; Qian, M., Aroma compounds in Oregon Pinot Noir wine determined by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 22-29, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1551 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I.; Celik, S.; Gokturk, R.S.; Unal, O., Essential oil of Stachys aleurites from Turkey, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.05.013 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005, 2
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oils and in vivo emission of volatiles of four Lamium species from Italy: L. purpureum, L. hybridum, L. bifidum and L. amplexicaule, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 63-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.047 . [all data]

bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005
bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ahmad, N.W.; Jamal, J.A., Insecticidal activities of the leaf oils of eight Cinnamomum species against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, Pharm. Biol., 2005, 43, 6, 526-532, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200500220771 . [all data]

bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005, 2
bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ayop, N.; Ahmad, A.S., Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of Peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 601-604, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1495 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2005
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Edraki, N., Chemical composition of Ferula persica Wild. essential oil from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 605-606, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1496 . [all data]

Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005
Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 2005, 118, 414-418. [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 2005
Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 4, 861-873, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.06.005 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2005
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4524-4528, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0478511 . [all data]

Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 2004
Aligiannis, N.; Kalpoutzakis, E.; Kyriakopoulou, I.; Mitaku, S.; Chinou, I.B., Essential oils of Phlomis species growing in Greece: chemical composition and antimicrobial activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 320-324, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1305 . [all data]

Flach A., Dondon R.C., et al., 2004
Flach A.; Dondon R.C.; Singer R.B.; Koehler S.; Amaral M.D.E.; Marsaioli A.J., The chemistry of pollination in selected Brazilian maxillariinae orchids: Floral rewards and fragrance, J. Chem. Ecol., 2004, 30, 5, 1045-1056, https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOEC.0000028466.50392.ed . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2004
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Essential oils of Galeopsis pubescens and G. tetrahit from Tuscany (Italy), Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 327-329, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1307 . [all data]

Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 2004
Gocmen, D.; Gurbuz, O.; Rouseff, R.L.; Smoot, J.M.; Dagdelen, A.F., Gas chromatographic-olfactometric characterization of aroma active compounds in sun-dried and vacuum-dried tarhana, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2004, 218, 6, 573-578, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-004-0913-6 . [all data]

Grujic-Jovanovic, Skaltsa, et al., 2004
Grujic-Jovanovic, S.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Marin, P.; Sokovic, M., Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of six Stachys species from Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 2, 139-144, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1275 . [all data]

Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 2004
Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordóñez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 4, 649-657, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.07.001 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Sarkarzadeh, H.; Jamalian, A., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Anthemis altissima L. grown in Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 213-216, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1277 . [all data]

Mardarowicz, Wianowska, et al., 2004
Mardarowicz, M.; Wianowska, D.; Dawidowicz, A.L.; Sawicki, R., The influence of sample treatment on SPME extracts from conifers. I. Comparison of terpene composition in Engelmann Spruce (Picea engelmanii) using hydrodistillation, SPME and PLE, Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska Lublin - Polonia, 2004, 59, 3, 25-42. [all data]

Píno, Marbot, et al., 2004
Píno, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Volatile components of the fruits of Vangueria madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. from Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 302-304, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698727 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Volatile components of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) grown in Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 318-320, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698731 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 2
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 32-35, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1269 . [all data]

Reis, Pansarim, et al., 2004
Reis, M.G.; Pansarim, E.R.; da Silva, U.F.; Estanislau do Amaral, M.C.; Marsaioli, A.J., Pollinator attraction devices (floral fragrances) of some Brazilian orchids, Arkivoc, 2004, 6, 89-97. [all data]

Siegmund and Murkovic, 2004
Siegmund, B.; Murkovic, M., Changes in chemical composition of pumpkin seeds during the roasting process for production of pumpkin seed oil (Part 2: volatile compounds), Food Chem., 2004, 84, 3, 367-374, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00241-3 . [all data]

Zheng, Kim, et al., 2004
Zheng, C.H.; Kim, T.H.; Kim, K.H.; Leem, Y.H.; Lee, H.J., Characterization of potent aroma compounds in Chrysanthemum coronarium L. (Garland) using aroma extract dilution analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 401-405, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1447 . [all data]

bin Ahmad and bin Jantan, 2003
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Notes

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