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Benzaldehyde

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-FFAPHP-FFAPHP-InnowaxFFAPHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 25.25.15.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumNitrogenHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.500.500.500.25
Tstart (C) 45.45.40.35.60.
Tend (C) 220.220.250.250.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 15.15.3.4.3.
Initial hold (min)    5.1.
Final hold (min)    45.5.
I 1553.1553.1521.1564.1538.
ReferenceWanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999Puvipirom and Chaisei, 2012Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 2011Feng, Zhuang, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase AT-WaxFFAPTC-WaxCP Wax 52 CBDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.500.25
Tstart (C) 60.45.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 280.220.230.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.3.4.6.
Initial hold (min)  1.3.2.2.
Final hold (min)  5. 15.20.
I 1516.1514.1532.1527.1501.
ReferenceKiss, Csoka, et al., 2011Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2010Birtic, Ginies, et al., 2009Chen, Song, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowaxCP-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumNitrogenHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.350.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.50.40.30.
Tend (C) 230.230.230.230.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.4.6.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 2. 2.2.4.
Final hold (min) 20.40.15.5.30.
I 1509.1536.1533.1519.1505.
ReferenceChen, Song, et al., 2009Gauvin-Bialecki and Marodon, 2009Mo, Fan, et al., 2009Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCP-Wax 57 CBHP-FFAPHP-InnowaxCP Wax 52 CB
Column length (m) 60.50.30.50.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHydrogenHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.200.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.200.250.200.25
Tstart (C) 30.35.40.45.40.
Tend (C) 200.150.120.190.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.3.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 4.5.3.2. 
Final hold (min) 30.17.55.50. 
I 1516.1518.1525.1540.1484.
ReferenceBeck, Higbee, et al., 2008Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008Guzman-Geronimo, Lopez, et al., 2008Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008Chen, Chyau, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase StabilwaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxFFAPCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeliumN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.35.40.
Tend (C) 240.240.250.320.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.2.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5. 5.5.8.
Final hold (min) 10.  45.20.
I 1524.1532.1543.1546.1537.
ReferenceCros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007Formisano, Rigano, et al., 2007Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-20Supelcowax-10DB-WaxHP-20MDB-Wax Etr
Column length (m) 30.30.30.50.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.20.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.10.25
Tstart (C) 70.40.40.60.40.
Tend (C) 220.250.230.220.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.4.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 4.5.2. 5.
Final hold (min) 5.10.15.30.100.
I 1528.1516.1501.1471.1520.
ReferenceRawat, Gulati, et al., 2007Vichi, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007Fan and Qian, 2006Filippi, Lanfranchi, et al., 2006Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-20MDB-Wax EtrDB-WaxDB-WaxInnowax
Column length (m) 50.30.30.30.50.
Carrier gas HeHe  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.20.250.250.250.5
Tstart (C) 70.40.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 180.220.200.200.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.8.8.2.
Initial hold (min) 4.1.3.3. 
Final hold (min) 15.10.20.20.60.
I 1479.1549.1500.1500.1518.
ReferenceMastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 2006Perestrelo, Fernandes, et al., 2006Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MStabilwaxInnowaxDB-WaxCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 50.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas Helium HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.50.40.
Tend (C) 190.280.240.180.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.6.5.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.  1.
Final hold (min) 30.5.30.40. 
I 1524.1499.1532.1508.1511.
Referencede la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005Joichi, Yomogida, et al., 2005Lee, Umano, et al., 2005Rohloff and Bones, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10ZB-WaxZB-WaxZB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 5.3.2.2.2.
Final hold (min) 10.30.5.5.5.
I 1516.1522.1491.1494.1496.
ReferenceVichi, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2005Wong and Tan, 2005N/AN/AN/A
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-WaxZB-WaxPEG-20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHe  N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.35.70.
Tend (C) 250.250.180.240.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.3.4.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.10.5.2.
Final hold (min) 5.10.30.10.20.
I 1506.1491.1529.1497.1519.
ReferenceN/AWu, Krings, et al., 2005Yao, Guo, et al., 2005Chida, Sone, et al., 2004Choi, 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxPEG-20MPEG-20MDB-WaxHP-Innowax
Column length (m) 60.50.50.60.50.
Carrier gas He  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.200.200.320.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.200.200.250.2
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.35.45.
Tend (C) 220.180.180.220.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5. 2.
Final hold (min)  30.30. 50.
I 1550.1527.1527.1520.1545.
ReferenceLópez, Ezpeleta, et al., 2004Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004Palá-Paúl, Brophy, et al., 2004Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MDB-WaxStabilwaxDB-WaxTC-Wax
Column length (m) 25.30.60.30.60.
Carrier gas N2H2HeliumHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.25 
Tstart (C) 50.50.40.50.80.
Tend (C) 200.200.240.230.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.3.3.4.
Initial hold (min)  10.5.2. 
Final hold (min)  10.10.20.30.
I 1523.1533.1524.1513.1530.
ReferenceAgnaniet, Mounzeo, et al., 2003Alves and Franco, 2003Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003Lin, Cai, et al., 2003Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TC-WaxCarbowax 20MHP-InnowaxCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.50.50.50.30.
Carrier gas  HeliumHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.700.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.20.250.25
Tstart (C) 80.50.45.45.30.
Tend (C) 240.280.190.190.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min)  2.2.2.1.
Final hold (min)   50.50. 
I 1536.1494.1539.1539.1518.
ReferenceMiyazawa, Yamafuji, et al., 2003Saura, LAencina, et al., 2003Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2003Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2003Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10HP-FFAPHP-FFAPDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.25.25.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.50.25
Tstart (C) 30.40.45.45.40.
Tend (C) 250.200.220.220.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.15.15.8.
Initial hold (min) 1.10.  5.
Final hold (min)     5.
I 1519.1512.1553.1553.1503.
ReferenceTanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 2003Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 2003Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxHP-WaxFFAPDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeH2HeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.25.40.
Tend (C) 220.190.240.220.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.4.2.
Initial hold (min) 10.6.5. 5.
Final hold (min) 10.  30. 
I 1509.1561.1510.1506.1539.
ReferenceHayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001Duque, Bonilla, et al., 2001Escudero, Cacho, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10DB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.70.60.50.50.
Tend (C) 200.240.280.180.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.4.3.5.
Initial hold (min) 10.8.  2.
Final hold (min)  20. 40. 
I 1538.1507.1537.1510.1519.
ReferenceGirard and Durance, 2000Kim, Kim, et al., 2000Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 2000Lee and Shibamoto, 2000Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-WaxPEG-20MCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 60.25.60.60.50.
Carrier gas HeHe N2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.30.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25   0.22
Tstart (C) 40.60.30.70.60.
Tend (C) 200.190.170.220.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.5.2.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.4. 4.
Final hold (min)  20.60. 21.
I 1514.1483.1516.1550.1502.
ReferenceUmano, Hagi, et al., 2000Xue, Ye, et al., 2000Buttery, Orts, et al., 1999Hirose, Joichi, et al., 1999Hwan and Chou, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxHP Innowax FSPInnowaxCarbowaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.50.60.
Carrier gas  HeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.250.250.20.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.80.40.
Tend (C) 210.220.220.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.  1.2.
Initial hold (min)  10.10. 2.
Final hold (min)  10. 20. 
I 1515.1541.1541.1500.1514.
ReferenceIwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999, 2Menon, Chacko, et al., 1999Umano, Nakahara, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxPEG-20MDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.25.60.30.30.
Carrier gas   HeN2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   1.0.250.25
Tstart (C) 30.50.50.45.45.
Tend (C) 170.230.200.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 4.    
Final hold (min) 30. 40.  
I 1516.1531.1507.1542.1527.
ReferenceButtery and Ling, 1998Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 1998Molleken U., Sinnwell V., et al., 1998Mölleken, Sinnwell, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CBP-20DB-WaxPEG-20MPEG-20MCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 25.60.60.60.50.
Carrier gas   He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.25  0.25
Tstart (C) 35.50.70.70.50.
Tend (C) 200.230.210.220.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.3.3.1.5
Initial hold (min) 5.   5.
Final hold (min)     10.
I 1519.1495.1532.1523.1531.
ReferenceQuiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 1998Ravichandran and Parthiban, 1998Awano, Honda, et al., 1997Awano, Ichikawa, et al., 1997Chyau, Lin, et al., 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxPEG-20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.50.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeNitrogenHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.50.60.20.50.
Tend (C) 180.200.180.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.2.4.4.
Initial hold (min)    4.4.
Final hold (min)  40. 10.10.
I 1523.1535.1479.1494.1502.
ReferenceSekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997Wada and Shibamoto, 1997Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 1996Morales, Albarracín, et al., 1996Morales, Albarracín, et al., 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxTC-WaxSupelcowax-10Carbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas He He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50 0.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 50.80.40.60.50.
Tend (C) 250.240.200.180.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.3.3.2.2.5
Initial hold (min) 1.5.3.4.5.
Final hold (min) 6. 30.  
I 1503.1535.1518.1482.1490.
ReferenceSagrero-Nieves and Bartley, 1996Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996Wong and Lai, 1996Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 1995Stashenko, Torres, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MPEG-20MDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeH2H2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25  0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.150.150.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 180.180.230.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.8.8.8.
Initial hold (min) 4.4.5.5.5.
Final hold (min)   10.10.10.
I 1477.1482.1528.1535.1531.
ReferenceTogari, Kobayashi, et al., 1995Togari, Kobayashi, et al., 1995Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.80.
Carrier gas HeHeHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25  
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.70.
Tend (C) 230.230.230.220.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.8.8.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.4. 
Final hold (min) 10.10.10.  
I 1532.1532.1532.1558.1502.
ReferenceSteullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Steullet and Guerin, 1994Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993Egolf and Jurs, 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.60.30.45.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHydrogenHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.25 1.0 
Tstart (C) 60.50.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 180.230.240.200.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.3.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 4.4.10.5.4.
Final hold (min)      
I 1482.1513.1476.1504.1482.
ReferenceKawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1993Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 1992Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 50.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas N2   He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 60.50.50.50.60.
Tend (C) 180.230.230.230.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.4.4.2.
Initial hold (min)     1.
Final hold (min)  10.10.10. 
I 1490.1516.1516.1516.1558.
ReferenceKubota, Nakamoto, et al., 1991Binder, Benson, et al., 1990Binder, Turner, et al., 1990Binder, Turner, et al., 1990, 2Loughrin, Hamilton-Kemp, et al., 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m)  60.60.60.50.
Carrier gas 30 HeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.3220.22
Phase thickness (mum)   0.250.25 
Tstart (C) 30.50.40.50.80.
Tend (C) 240.230.175.230.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 50.4.1.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 10.0.15.  
Final hold (min)  10.   
I 1490.1511.1521.1516.1530.
ReferencePfannhauser, 1990Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Hsieh, Williams, et al., 1989Engel, Flath, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.60.60.30.150.
Carrier gas N2H2H2Helium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.250.250.320.66
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.25  
Tstart (C) 80.30.30.40.60.
Tend (C) 200.180.180.200.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.6.1.
Initial hold (min)  2.2.1.40.
Final hold (min)      
I 1532.1507.1507.1500.1520.
ReferenceMihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Andersen J.F., Mikolajczak K.L., et al., 1987Buttery, Ling, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.50.50.150.50.
Carrier gas N2N2Hydrogen  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.220.200.640.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.80.50.50.70.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.170.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.1.1.2.
Initial hold (min)    30. 
Final hold (min)   35.60. 
I 1530.1532.1489.1520.1500.
ReferenceMihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Wu, Liou, et al., 1987Buttery, Ling, et al., 1983Engel and Tressl, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CarbowaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 3.31.150.50.150.
Carrier gas HeHeliumHe  
Substrate Chromosorb G AW DMCS    
Column diameter (mm)  0.500.640.320.64
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 60.40.50.70.50.
Tend (C) 180.200.170.190.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.10.1.2.1.
Initial hold (min)   10. 30.
Final hold (min)   60.  
I 1503.1530.1505.1479.1520.
ReferenceSchieberle and Grosch, 1983Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Seifert and King, 1982Tressl, Bahri, et al., 1982Buttery, Parker, et al., 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase Carbowax 20M
Column length (m) 150.
Carrier gas  
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.64
Phase thickness (mum)  
Tstart (C) 50.
Tend (C) 170.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.
Initial hold (min) 30.
Final hold (min)  
I 1530.
ReferenceButtery, Ling, et al., 1980
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999
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Formisano, Rigano, et al., 2007
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Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007
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Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007
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Fan and Qian, 2006
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Filippi, Lanfranchi, et al., 2006
Filippi, J.-J.; Lanfranchi, D.-A.; Prado, S.; Baldovini, N.; Meierhenrich, U.J., Composition, Enantiomeric Distribution, and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All. from Corsica, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 17, 6308-6313, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060752y . [all data]

Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 2006
Ibarz, M.J.; Ferreira, V.; Hernández-Orte, P.; Loscos, N.; Cacho, J., Optimization and evaluation of a procedure for the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of the aromas generated by fast acid hydrolysis of flavor precursors extracted from grapes, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1116, 1-2, 217-229, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.020 . [all data]

Mastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 2006
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Perestrelo, Fernandes, et al., 2006
Perestrelo, R.; Fernandes, A.; Albuquerque, F.F.; Marques, J.C.; Camara, J.S., Analytical characterization of the aroma of Tinta Negra Mole red wine: Identification of the main odorants compounds, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 563, 1-2, 154-164, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2005.10.023 . [all data]

Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006
Schirack, A.V.; Drake, M.A.; Sander, T.H.; Sandeep, K.P., Characterization of aroma-active compounds in microwave blanched peanuts, J. Food Sci., 2006, 71, 9, c513-c520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2006.00173.x . [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005
de la Fuente, E.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Characterization of Spanish unifloral honeys by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Sep. Sci., 2005, 28, 9-10, 1093-1100, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200500018 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005
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Joichi, Yomogida, et al., 2005
Joichi, A.; Yomogida, K.; Awano, K.; Ueda, Y., Volatile components of tea-scented modern roses and ancient Chinese roses, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 152-157, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1388 . [all data]

Lee, Umano, et al., 2005
Lee, S.-J.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T.; Lee, K.-G., Identification of volatile components in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and thyme leaves (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their antioxidant properties, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 131-137, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.056 . [all data]

Rohloff and Bones, 2005
Rohloff, J.; Bones, A.M., Volatile profiling of Arabidopsis thaliana - Putative olfactory compounds in plant communication, Phytochemistry, 2005, 66, 16, 1941-1955, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.06.021 . [all data]

Vichi, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2005
Vichi, S.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Mora-Pons, M.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Characterization of Volatiles in Different Dry Gins, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 26, 10154-10160, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf058121b . [all data]

Wong and Tan, 2005
Wong, K.C.; Tan, C.H., Volatile constituents of the flowers of Clerodendron fragrans (Vent.) R. Br., Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 4, 429-430, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1457 . [all data]

Wu, Krings, et al., 2005
Wu, S.; Krings, U.; Zorn, H.; Berger, R.G., Volatile compounds from the fruiting bodies of beefsteak fungus Fistulina hepatica (Schaeffer: Fr.) Fr., Food Chem., 2005, 92, 2, 221-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.07.013 . [all data]

Yao, Guo, et al., 2005
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Chida, Sone, et al., 2004
Chida, M.; Sone, Y.; Tamura, H., Aroma characteristics of stored tobacco cut leaves analyzed by a high vacuum distillation and canister system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 26, 7918-7924, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049223p . [all data]

Choi, 2004
Choi, H.-S., Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 26, 8099-8104, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040239p . [all data]

López, Ezpeleta, et al., 2004
López, R.; Ezpeleta, E.; Sánchez, I.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Analysis of the aroma intensities of volatile compounds released from mild acid hydrolysates of odourless precursors extracted from Tempranillo and Grenache grapes using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Food Chem., 2004, 88, 1, 95-103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.025 . [all data]

Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004
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Palá-Paúl, Brophy, et al., 2004
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Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004
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Agnaniet, Mounzeo, et al., 2003
Agnaniet, H.; Mounzeo, H.; Menut, C.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Criton, M., The essential oils of Rinorea subintegrifolia O. Ktze and Drypetes gossweileri S. Moore occurring in Gabon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 3, 207-210, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1185 . [all data]

Alves and Franco, 2003
Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 297-301, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01398-5 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003
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Lin, Cai, et al., 2003
Lin, P.; Cai, J.; Li, J.; Sang, W.; Su, Q., Constituents of the essential oil of Hemerocallis flava day lily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 539-541, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1264 . [all data]

Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003
Miyazawa, M.; Okuno, Y., Volatile components from the roots of Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl., Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 398-400, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1232 . [all data]

Miyazawa, Yamafuji, et al., 2003
Miyazawa, M.; Yamafuji, C.; Kurose, K.; Ishikawa, Y., Volatile components of the rhizomes of Cirsium japonicum DC, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 1, 15-17, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1135 . [all data]

Saura, LAencina, et al., 2003
Saura, D.; LAencina, J.; Perez-Lopez, A.J.; Lizama, V.; Carbonell-Barrachina, A.A., Aroma of canned peach halves acidified with clarified lemon juice, J. Food Sci., 2003, 68, 3, 1080-1085, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2003.tb08292.x . [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2003
Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Analysis of volatile composition of honey by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatographymass spectrometry, J. Sep. Sci., 2003, 26, 9-10, 793-801, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200301368 . [all data]

Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003
Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 2003, 50, 6, 278-285, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.50.278 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6572-6577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030269c . [all data]

Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 2003
Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 2003, 83, 4, 619-629, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00256-5 . [all data]

Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002
Fu, S.-G.; Yoon, Y.; Basemore, R., Aroma-actie components in fermented bamboo shoots, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 3, 549-554, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010883t . [all data]

Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002
Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Osajima, Y., Analysis of aromatic volatile compounds in 'Miyabi' melon (Cucumis melo L.) using the Porapak Q column, J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 2002, 71, 4, 517-525, https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.71.517 . [all data]

Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002
Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 8, 840-847, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1110 . [all data]

Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001
Ducruet, V.; Fournier, N.; Saillard, P.; Feigenbaum, A.; Guichard, E., Influence of packaging on the aroma stability of strawberry syrup during shelf life, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 5, 2290-2297, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012796 . [all data]

Duque, Bonilla, et al., 2001
Duque, C.; Bonilla, A.; Bautista, E.; Zea, S., Exudation of low molecular wight compounds (thiobismethane, methyl isocyanide, amd methyl isothiocyanate) as a possible chemical defense mechanism in the marine sponge Ircinia felix, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 2001, 29, 5, 459-467, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(00)00081-8 . [all data]

Escudero, Cacho, et al., 2000
Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Isolation and identification of odorants generated in wine during its oxidation: a gas chromatography-olfactometric study, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2000, 211, 2, 105-110, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002179900128 . [all data]

Girard and Durance, 2000
Girard, B.; Durance, T., Headspace volatiles of sockeye and pink salmon as affected by retort process, Food Chem. Toxicol., 2000, 65, 1, 34-39. [all data]

Kim, Kim, et al., 2000
Kim, H.-J.; Kim, K.; Kim, N.-S.; Lee, D.-S., Determination of floral fragrances of Rosa hybrida using solid-phase trapping-solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 902, 2, 389-404, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00863-3 . [all data]

Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 2000
Korány, K.; Mednyánszky, Zs.; Amtmann, M., Preliminary results of a recognition method visualizing the aroma and fragrance features, Acta Aliment., 2000, 29, 2, 187-198, https://doi.org/10.1556/AAlim.29.2000.2.9 . [all data]

Lee and Shibamoto, 2000
Lee, K.-G.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidant properties of aroma compounds isolated from soybeans and mung beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 9, 4290-4293, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000442u . [all data]

Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 2000
Paniandy, J.-C.; Chane-Ming, J.; Pierbattesti, J.-C., Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction of the Guava Fruit (Psidium guajava L.), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2000, 12, 153-158. [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3463-3469, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0001738 . [all data]

Xue, Ye, et al., 2000
Xue, C.; Ye, M.; Li, Z.; Cai, Y.; Tan, L.; Lin, H.; Sakaguchi, M., Changes in the volatile compounds of Yellowtail (Seriola aureovitata) during refrigerated storage, Asian Fisheries Sciences, 2000, 13, 263-270. [all data]

Buttery, Orts, et al., 1999
Buttery, R.G.; Orts, W.J.; Takeoka, G.R.; Nam, Y., Volatile flavor components of rice cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 10, 4353-4356, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990140w . [all data]

Hirose, Joichi, et al., 1999
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Hwan and Chou, 1999
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Notes

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