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Benzaldehyde

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TR-5 MSTR-5 MSSLB-5 MSSLB-5 MSPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups
Column length (m) 15.15.30.30. 
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHelium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Program 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 mion) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)not specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 952.969.960.967.969.
ReferenceKurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 2014Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 2013Mondello, 2012Mondello, 2012Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Polydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsSiloxane, 5 % Ph DB-55 % Phenyl polydimethyl siloxane
Column length (m)    30. 
Carrier gas    Helium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.25 
Phase thickness (mum)    0.25 
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 972.956.960.960.961.
ReferenceRobinson, Adams, et al., 2012VOC BinBase, 2012Brandi, Bar, et al., 2011Cao, Li, et al., 2011Chaverri, Diaz, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Sil 8 CBHP-5DB-5Polydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenylZB-1 MS
Column length (m) 30.30.60. 30.
Carrier gas HydrogenHeliumHelium Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.25 0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.251.00 0.25
Program 30 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 220 0Cnot specified40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)not specified50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
I 963.960.985.956.982.
Referencede Freitas, Garruti, et al., 2011Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2011Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Sil 8 CBHP-5HP-5 MSDB-1ZB-1 MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program Multi-rise programnot specifiednot specifiednot specified50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
I 965.960.960.961.982.
ReferenceDi Giusto, Bessiere, et al., 2010Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2010Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010Xu, Tang, et al., 2010Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1HP-5 MSHP-5 MSDB-1DB-1
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogenHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 50 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min)40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
I 934.962.963.927.927.
ReferenceDelort and Jaquier, 2009Fan, Lu, et al., 2009Mancini, Arnold, et al., 2009Mendes, Trindade, et al., 2009Mendes, Trindade, et al., 2009, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5ZB-5DB-5CP-Sil 5 Cb
Column length (m) 50.60.30.30.50.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumNitrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.050.250.250.251.20
Program not specified30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)not specified40 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (30 min)
I 965.969.962.961.930.
ReferencePugliese, Sirtori, et al., 2009Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 2009de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 2009Bastos, Ishimoto, et al., 2008Collin, Nizet, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SLB-5 MSSLB-5 MSCP Sil 8 CBHP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHelium HeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)not specified60C => 2.5C/min => 170C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)40 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min)not specified
I 960.952.961.958.968.
ReferenceCosta, De Fina, et al., 2008Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008Kristiawan, Sobolik, et al., 2008Qiao, Xie, et al., 2008Qiao, Xie, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SLB-5MSDB-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5
Column length (m) 10.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHelium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.180.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.181.00.250.250.25
Program not specified-10 0C (3 min) 50 0C/min -> 40 0C 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min)40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
I 960.970.958.961.959.
ReferenceRisticevic, Carasek, et al., 2008Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 2008Xie, Sun, et al., 2008Xie, Sun, et al., 2008Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5 MSDB-5 MSHP-1DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.50.30.
Carrier gas  HeliumHeliumHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.20.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.330.25
Program not specified50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)50C(1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
I 986.920.960.930.962.
ReferenceZhao, Li, et al., 2008Zhu, Li, et al., 2008Zhu, Li, et al., 2008Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007Beaulieu and Lancaster, 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5 MSDB-5 MSHP-5MSHP-5 MSHP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)40C => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 230C(2min)40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 250 0C (15 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C50C(2min) => 20C/min => 80C (1min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 30C/min => 230C(3min)
I 972.972.958.963.956.
ReferenceCajka, Hajslova, et al., 2007Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 2007Chokeprasert P., Charles A.L., et al., 2007Formisano, Rigano, et al., 2007Ho, Wan Aida, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-5 MSDB-5CP Sil 8 CBHP-1
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2HeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.00.250.250.33
Program 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 200C(9min)40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)not specified50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 2.7C/min => 140C => 2.4C/min => 180C => 6C/min => 250C60C(5min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C(10min)
I 921.973.961.963.966.
ReferenceLin, Peng, et al., 2007Liu, Xu, et al., 2007Machado, Bastos, et al., 2007Meekijjaroenroj, Bessière, et al., 2007Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5HP-5 MSHP-5HP-5MSHP-5
Column length (m) 50.30. 30.26.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.25 0.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25   0.25
Program 60 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C40 0C (10 min) 3 oC/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C60C(5min) => 6C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C(5min)
I 960.968.949.973.938.
ReferenceNivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 2007Setzer, Stokes, et al., 2007Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007Takaku, Haber, et al., 2007Baroni, Nores, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxaneUltra-2OV-101BP-5HP-5 MS
Column length (m) 30.25. 30.30.
Carrier gas  H2 HeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.750.33 1.0.25
Program 50C(1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 190C => 30C/min => 250C(1min)not specifiednot specified40C(2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 250C (15min)40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
I 966.961.951.964.961.
ReferenceBeaulieu J.C. and Lea J.M., 2006Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 2006Ebrahimi and Hadjmohammadi, 2006Helsper, Bücking, et al., 2006Schmidt, Noletto, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-52RTX-5RTX-5HP-5MSDB-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeN2N2He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.150.250.250.250.25
Program 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)not specifiednot specified40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)70C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C(15min) => 5C/min => 240C
I 963.965.968.962.989.
ReferenceTognolini, Barocelli, et al., 2006Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 2005Bagci and Baser, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeDB-1CP-Sil5 CB MSPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsHP-5
Column length (m) 60.60.50.  
Carrier gas HeliumHe   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.32  
Phase thickness (mum) 1.00.251.2  
Program -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)33C(5min) => 2C/min => 50c => 5C/min => 225C36C(2min) => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)not specifiednot specified
I 940.917.930.960.953.
ReferenceBlunden, Aneja, et al., 2005Cramer, Mattinson, et al., 2005Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 2005Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5 MSCP Sil 5 CBSPB-5HP-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.50.30.50.50.
Carrier gas Helium He  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.20.251.051.05
Program 35 0C (1 min) 120 0C/min -> 60 0C 1.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 280 0C36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C => 4C/min => 95C => 5C/min => 115C => 10C/min => 200C40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
I 962.933.974.970.970.
ReferenceTurchini, Giani, et al., 2005Counet, Ouwerx, et al., 2004Crook, Boylston, et al., 2004Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase MDN-5SE-30DB-1SPB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30. 30.60.60.
Carrier gas Helium H2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.251.0.25
Program 35 0C (1 min) 120 0C/min -> 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 280 0Cnot specified40C(10min) => 2C/min => 110C => 5C/min => 200C(10min)not specified35C => 5C/min => 120C => 2C/min => 160C => 7C/min => 250C
I 945.947.969.964.966.
ReferenceTurchimi, Mentasti, et al., 2004Vinogradov, 2004Alves and Franco, 2003Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 2003Chung, Heymann, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5SE-54  CP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m) 30.50.  50.
Carrier gas  H2   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20  0.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  1.2
Program 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C50 0C (8 min) 1 0C/min -> 75 0C 2 0C/min -> 110 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0Cnot specifiednot specified36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C=3C/min => 250C(30min)
I 962.969.925.926.935.
ReferenceJordán, Margaría, et al., 2003Bastos, Franco, et al., 2002Bruce, Cork, et al., 2002Bruce, Cork, et al., 2002Counet, Callemien, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSCP Sil 5 CBHP-5HP-5Methyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)
Column length (m)  50.30.30. 
Carrier gas  He   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.320.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)  1.20.250.25 
Program not specified36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250Cnot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 937.933.962.954.966.
ReferenceFu, Yoon, et al., 2002Guyot-Declerck, Renson, et al., 2002Jordán, Goodner, et al., 2002Jordán, Goodner, et al., 2002Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-5DB-5HP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30. 30.
Carrier gas     He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.200.20 0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.01.01.0 0.25
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
I 953.953.953.968.959.
ReferenceRapior, Breheret, et al., 2002Rapior, Breheret, et al., 2002Rapior, Breheret, et al., 2002Staples E.S., 2002Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-1Methyl SiliconeCP Sil 8 CBDB-5 MSBPX-5
Column length (m) 50. 60.30.30.
Carrier gas He  HeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1. 0.251.00.25
Program -50C => 49.9C/min => 5C(3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C(20 min)not specifiednot specifiednot specified50C(2min) => 10C/min => 110C => 5.7C/min => 200C => 40C/min => 250C(5min)
I 920.42965.983.972.986.
ReferenceCooke, Hassoun, et al., 2001N/ADuckham, Dodson, et al., 2001Luo and Agnew, 2001Sides, Robards, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1OV-101HP-5BPX-5CP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m) 50.50.30.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.52 0.250.50 
Program 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250Cnot specified40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)40 0C (5 min) 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
I 928.947.959.982.940.
ReferenceTeai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001Yang, 2001Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 2000Madruga, Arruda, et al., 2000Guyot, Scheirman, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-54SE-54CP Sil 5 CBDB-5HP-1
Column length (m) 25.25.50.30.25.
Carrier gas   HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.310.310.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)   1.20.25 
Program not specifiednot specified30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230Cnot specified
I 955.956.939.959.926.
ReferenceDing, Deng, et al., 1998Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 1998Matsui, Guth, et al., 1998Ong, Acree, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5SPB-1DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 50.60.50.50.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.530.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.525.0.250.250.25
Program 35 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min)40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C40C(10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C(10min)40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
I 961.948.973.971.972.
ReferenceTimón, Ventanas, et al., 1998Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997Mateo, Aguirrezábal, et al., 1997Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 1996Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase RSL-150DB-1DB-5DB-1SPB-1
Column length (m) 60.60.30.60.60.
Carrier gas He   Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.320.53
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.255.0
Program 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C => 6C/min => 200C(10min)not specifiednot specified3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
I 931.924.960.924.948.
ReferenceBuchbauer, Nikiforov, et al., 1994Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994Garneau, Bouhajib, et al., 1994Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 1993Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-1SE-54DB-1DB-1DB-1
Column length (m) 60.50.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHe H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 5.0  0.250.25
Program not specified35 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
I 956.976.926.917.926.
ReferenceStrete, Ruprah, et al., 1992Um, Bailey, et al., 1992Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.OV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.OV-1
Column length (m)  50.50. 
Carrier gas  HydrogenHydrogen 
Substrate     
Column diameter (mm)  0.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum)     
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 947.929.961.947.
ReferenceShibamoto, 1987Waggott and Davies, 1984Waggott and Davies, 1984Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 2014
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Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 2013
Kurashov, E.A.; Krylova, Yu.V.; Mitrukova, G.G., Variations in component composition of essential oil of Potamogeton pusillus (Potamogetonaceae) dirong vegetation, Plant Resources (Rastitel'nye Resursy), 2013, 000-000. [all data]

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VOC BinBase, 2012
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Brandi, Bar, et al., 2011
Brandi, F.; Bar, E.; Mourgues, F.; Horvath, G.; Turcsi, E.; Giuliano, G.; Liverani, A.; Tartarini, S.; Lewinsohn, E.; Rosati, C., Study of Redhaven peach and its white-fleshed mutant suggests a key role of CCD4 carotenoid dioxygenase in carotenoid and norisoprenoid volatile metabolism, BMC Plant Biol., 2011, 11, 24, 1-14. [all data]

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Cao, H.; Li, Z.; Chen, X., QSRR study of GC retention indices of volatile compounds emitted from Mosla chinensis Maxim. by multiply linear regression, Chin. J. Chem., 2011, 29, 10, 2187-2196, https://doi.org/10.1002/cjoc.201180379 . [all data]

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Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2010
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Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
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Xu, Tang, et al., 2010
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Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2009
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Delort and Jaquier, 2009
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Fan, Lu, et al., 2009
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Mancini, Arnold, et al., 2009
Mancini, E.; Arnold, N.A.; De Martino, L.; De Feo, V.; Formisano, C.; Rigano, D.; Senatore, F., Chemical composition and phytotoxic effects of essential oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. growing wild in Lebanon, Molecules, 2009, 14, 11, 4725-4736, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14114725 . [all data]

Mendes, Trindade, et al., 2009
Mendes, M.D.; Trindade, H.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Pedro, L.G.; Barroso, J.G., Chaerophyllum azoricun Trel. grown in the Azores archipelago, Portugal: evaluation of the genetic diversity using molecular markers and comparison with volatile oils profiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 2009, 24, 5, 259-265, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1939 . [all data]

Mendes, Trindade, et al., 2009, 2
Mendes, M.D.; Trindade, H.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Fontinha, S.S.; Pedro, L.G., Volatile and molecular characterization of two Portuguese endemic species: Angelica lignescens and Melanoselinium decipiens, Biochen. Systematics Ecol., 2009, 37, 2, 98-105, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2008.12.006 . [all data]

Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 2009
Pugliese, C.; Sirtori, F.; Ruiz, J.; Martin, D.; Parenti, S.; Franci, O., Effect of pasture on chestnut or acorn on fatty acid composition and aromatic profile of fat of China Senece dry-cured ham, Gracas y Aceites, 2009, 60, 3, 271-276, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.130208 . [all data]

Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 2009
Rotsatschakul, P.; Visesanguan, W.; Smitinont, T.; Chaiseri, S., Changes in volatile compounds during fermentation of nham (Thai fermented sausage), Int. Food Res. J., 2009, 16, 391-414. [all data]

de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 2009
de Simon, B.F.; Estruelas, E.; Munoz, A.M.; Cadahia, E.; Sanz, M., Volatile compounds in acacia, chestnut, cherry, ash, and oak woods, with a view to their use in cooperage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 8, 3217-3227, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803463h . [all data]

Bastos, Ishimoto, et al., 2008
Bastos, D.H.M.; Ishimoto, E.Y.; Marques, O.M.; Ferri, A.F.; Torres, E.A.F.S., Essential Oil and Antioxidant Activity of Green Mate and Mate Tea (Ilex paraguariensis) Infusions, 2008, retrieved from http://www.aseanfood.info/Articles/11016488.pdf. [all data]

Collin, Nizet, et al., 2008
Collin, S.; Nizet, S.; Muls, S.; Iraqi, R.; Bouseta, A., Characterization of odor-active compounds in extracts obtained by simultaneous extraction/distillation from Moroccan black olives, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 9, 3273-3278, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf073488x . [all data]

Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008
Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 2, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1919 . [all data]

Kristiawan, Sobolik, et al., 2008
Kristiawan, M.; Sobolik, V.; Al-Haddad, M.; Allaf, K., Effect of pressure-drop rate on the isolation of cananga oil using instantaneous controlled pressure-drop process, Chem. Eng. Processing, 2008, 47, 1, 66-75, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cep.2007.08.011 . [all data]

Qiao, Xie, et al., 2008
Qiao, Y.; Xie, B.J.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; FAn, G.; Yao, X.L.; Pan, S.Y., Characterization of aroma active compounds in fruit juice and peel oil of Junchen sweet orange fruit (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) by GC-MS and GC-O, Molecules, 2008, 13, 6, 1333-1344, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules13061333 . [all data]

Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 2008
Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2008, 617, 1-2, 72-84, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.04.009 . [all data]

Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 2008
Watanabe, A.; Ueda, Y.; Higuchi, M.; Shiba, N., Analysis of volatile compounds in beef fat by dinamic-headspace solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Food Sci., 2008, 73, 5, 420-425, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.00764.x . [all data]

Xie, Sun, et al., 2008
Xie, J.; Sun, B.; Zheng, F.; Wang, S., Volatile flavor constituents in roasted pork of mini-pig, Food Chem., 2008, 109, 3, 506-514, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.12.074 . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Zhu, Li, et al., 2008
Zhu, M.; Li, E.; He, H., Determination of volatile chemical constitutes in tea by simultaneous distillation extraction, vacuum hydrodistillation and thermal desrption, Chromatographia, 2008, 68, 7/8, 603-610, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-008-0732-1 . [all data]

Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007
Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1279-1284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.027 . [all data]

Beaulieu and Lancaster, 2007
Beaulieu, J.C.; Lancaster, V.A., Correlating Volatile Compounds, Sensory Attributes, and Quality Parameters in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 23, 9503-9513, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070282n . [all data]

Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 2007
Cajka, T.; Hajslova, J.; Cochran, J.; Holadova, K.; Klimankova, E., Solid phase microextraction - comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography - time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the analysis of honey volatiles, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 30, 4, 534-546, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600413 . [all data]

Chokeprasert P., Charles A.L., et al., 2007
Chokeprasert P.; Charles A.L.; Sue K.H.; Huang T.C., Volatile components of the leaves, fruits and seeds of wampee [Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels], J. Food Comp. Anal., 2007, 20, 1, 52-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.07.002 . [all data]

Formisano, Rigano, et al., 2007
Formisano, C.; Rigano, D.; Napolitano, F.; Senatore, F.; Arnold, N.A.; Piozzi, F.; Rosselli, S., Volatile constituents of Calamintha ariganifolia Boiss. growing wild in Lebanon, Natural Product Communications, 2007, 2, 12, 1253-1256. [all data]

Ho, Wan Aida, et al., 2007
Ho, C.W.; Wan Aida, W.M.; Maskat, M.Y.; Osman, H., Changes in volatile compounds of palm sap (Arenga pinnata) during the heating process for production of palm sugar, Food Chem., 2007, 102, 4, 1156-1162, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.07.004 . [all data]

Lin, Peng, et al., 2007
Lin, L.-Y.; Peng, C.-H.; Wang, H.-E.; Wu, T.-H.; Chen, C.-C.; Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Peng, R.Y., Factors affecting solid phase microextraction (SPME) to concentrate the odorants of Chinese white salted noodles for GC-MS analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 274-279, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1792 . [all data]

Liu, Xu, et al., 2007
Liu, Y.; Xu, X.-L.; Zhou, G.-H., Comparative study of volatile compounds in traditional Chinese Nanjing marinated duck by different extraction techniques, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2007, 42, 5, 543-550, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2006.01264.x . [all data]

Machado, Bastos, et al., 2007
Machado, C.C.B.; Bastos, D.H.M.; Janzantti, N.S.; Facanali, R.; Marques, M.M.; Franco, M.R.B., Determinação do perfil de compostos voláteis e avaliação do sabor e aroma de bebidas produzidas a partir da erva-mate (Ilex paraguariensis), Quim. Nova, 2007, 30, 3, 513-518, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422007000300002 . [all data]

Meekijjaroenroj, Bessière, et al., 2007
Meekijjaroenroj, A.; Bessière, J.-M.; Anstett, M.-C., Chemistry of floral scents in four Licuala species (Arecaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 300-310, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1797 . [all data]

Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 2007
Merle, H.; Verdeguer, M.; Blázquez, M.A.; Boira, H., Chemical composition of the essential oils from Eriocephalus africanus L. var. africanus populations growing in Spain, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 461-464, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1821 . [all data]

Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 2007
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Setzer, Stokes, et al., 2007
Setzer, W.N.; Stokes, S.L.; Penton, A.F.; Takaku, S.; Haber, W.A.; Hansell, E.; Caffrey, C.R.; McKerrow, J.H., Cruzain inhibitory activity of leaf essential oils of neotropical Lauraceae and essential oil components, Natural Product Communications, 2007, 2, 12, 1203-1210. [all data]

Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007
Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 2007, 68, 20, 2584-2598, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.030 . [all data]

Takaku, Haber, et al., 2007
Takaku, S.; Haber, W.A.; Setzer, W.N., Leaf essential oil composition of 10 species of Ocotea (Lauraceae) from Monteverde, Costa Rica, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 8, 525-532, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2007.02.003 . [all data]

Baroni, Nores, et al., 2006
Baroni, M.V.; Nores, M.L.; Diaz, M.D.P.; Chiabrando, G.A.; Fassano, J.P.; Costa, C.; Wunderlin, D.A., Determination of Volatile Organic Compound Patterns Characteristic of Five Unifloral Honey by Solid-Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Coupled to Chemometrics, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 19, 7235-7241, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061080e . [all data]

Beaulieu J.C. and Lea J.M., 2006
Beaulieu J.C.; Lea J.M., Characterization and semiquantitative analysis of volatiles in seedless watermelon varieties using solid-phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 20, 7789-7793, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060663l . [all data]

Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 2006
Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Silva, A.S.; Carvalho, C.P.S.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile composition of siriguela (Spondias purpurea L.) by solid phase microextraction (SPME), LWT, 2006, 39, 4, 437-443, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2005.02.007 . [all data]

Ebrahimi and Hadjmohammadi, 2006
Ebrahimi, P.; Hadjmohammadi, M.R., Simultaneous modeling of the Kovats retention indices on phenyl OV stationary phases with different polarity using MLR and ANN, QSAR Comb. Sci., 2006, 25, 10, 836-845, https://doi.org/10.1002/qsar.200530145 . [all data]

Helsper, Bücking, et al., 2006
Helsper, J.P.F.G.; Bücking, M.; Muresan, S.; Blaas, J.; Wietsma, W.A., Identification of the volatile component(s) causing the characteristic foxy odor in various cultivars of Fritillaria imperialis L. (Liliaceae), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 14, 5087-5091, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0605594 . [all data]

Schmidt, Noletto, et al., 2006
Schmidt, J.M.; Noletto, J.A.; Vogler, B.; Setzer, W.N., Abaco Bush Medicine: Chemical composition of the essential oils of four aromatic medicinal plants from Abaco Island, Bahamas, J. Herbs, Spices Medicinal Plants, 2006, 12, 3, 43-65, https://doi.org/10.1300/J044v12n03_04 . [all data]

Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 2006
Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 2006, 78, 13, 1419-1432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2005.07.020 . [all data]

Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005
Ádámová, M.; Orinák, A.; Halás, L., Retention indices as identification tool in pyrolysis-capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1087, 1-2, 131-141, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.01.003 . [all data]

Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 2005
Alissandrakis, E.; Kibaris, A.C.; Tarantilis, P.A.; Harizanis, P.C.; Polissiou, M., Flavour compounds of Greek cotton honey, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2005, 85, 9, 1444-1452, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2124 . [all data]

Bagci and Baser, 2005
Bagci, E.; Baser, K.H.C., Study of the essential oils of Thymus haussknechtii Velen and Thymus kotschyanus Boiss. et Hohen var. kotschyanus (Lamiaceae) taxa from the eastern Anatolian region in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 199-202, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1397 . [all data]

Blunden, Aneja, et al., 2005
Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 2005, 39, 36, 6707-6718, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.03.053 . [all data]

Cramer, Mattinson, et al., 2005
Cramer, A.-C.J.; Mattinson, D.S.; Fellman, J.K.; Baik, B.-K., Analysis of volatile compounds from various types of barley cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 19, 7526-7531, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0506939 . [all data]

Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 2005
Iraqi, R.; Vermeulen, C.; Benzekri, A.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 4, 1179-1184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040349w . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 98-100. [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7837-7843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051397z . [all data]

Turchini, Giani, et al., 2005
Turchini, G.M.; Giani, I.; Caprino, F.; Moretti, V.M.M.; Valfre, F., Discrimination of origin og farmed trout by means of biometrical parameters, fillet composition and flavor volatile compounds, Ital. J. Animal Sci., 2005, 3, 123-140. [all data]

Counet, Ouwerx, et al., 2004
Counet, C.; Ouwerx, C.; Rosoux, D.; Collin, S., Relationship between procyanidin and flavor contents of cocoa liquors from different origins, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 20, 6243-6249, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040105b . [all data]

Crook, Boylston, et al., 2004
Crook, L.R.; Boylston, T.D.; Glatz, B.A., Effect of gas environment and sorbate addition on flavor characteristics of irradiated apple cider during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 23, 6997-7004, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049454w . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2004, 84, 11, 1364-1370, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1826 . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasarán, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 2004, 64, 2, 458-466, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2004.03.007 . [all data]

Turchimi, Mentasti, et al., 2004
Turchimi, G.N.; Mentasti, T.; Carpino, F.; Panseri, S.; Moretti, V.M.; Valfre, F., Effects of dietary lipid sources on flavour volatile compounds of brown trout (Salmo trurra L.) fillet, J. Appl. Ichtyol., 2004, 20, 1, 71-75, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0175-8659.2003.00522.x . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Alves and Franco, 2003
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Notes

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