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Benzyl alcohol

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Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5DB-PetroDB-PetroHP-5MSCP Sil 8 CB
Column length (m) 60.50.50.30.50.
Carrier gas    He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.20.20.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.50.50.25 
Tstart (C) 40.50.50.80.60.
Tend (C) 230.270.270.300.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.   5.
Final hold (min) 10.   30.
I 1041.1005.71005.71034.41029.
ReferenceEngel and Ratel, 2007Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 2007Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 2007Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1HP-5MSHP-5DB-5DB-1
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.25.
Carrier gas  HeHeH2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.330.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.80.50.35.60.
Tend (C) 300.300.260.270.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.10.5.3.
Initial hold (min)   3. 10.
Final hold (min)    20.10.
I 1053.1020.31037.1032.1033.
ReferenceOsorio, Alarcon, et al., 2006Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006Zhao, Wang X.Y., et al., 2006Alves, Pinto, et al., 2005bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSHP-5MSHP-5MSHP-5MSBPX-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.25.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.80.80.80.50.
Tend (C) 250.290.290.290.300.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.4.6.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.   5.
Final hold (min) 20.    
I 1033.1034.51035.61035.71051.
ReferencePino, Mesa, et al., 2005Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5SPB-5SPB-5BP-1DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.50.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.220.290.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.5.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.  
Final hold (min) 20.20.20.13. 
I 1032.1035.1032.1037.1032.
ReferencePíno, Marbot, et al., 2004Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 2Raina, Kumar, et al., 2004Reis, Pansarim, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-1PE-5HP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.50.30.60.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.10.250.33 0.25
Tstart (C) -30.50.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.310.250.280.310.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.4.2.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 1. 5. 1.
Final hold (min) 5. 20. 20.
I 1041.1034.1000.1034.1035.
ReferenceSiegmund and Murkovic, 2004Singer, Flach, et al., 2004Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003Isidorov and Vinogorova, 2003Lalel, Singh, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 5 CBSPB-5HP-5MSSPB-SulfurDB-5
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHe H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.254.0.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 280.250.200.200.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.2.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 10.2.5.12.5 
Final hold (min) 60.20.20.  
I 1002.1032.1042.1009.11034.
ReferencePino, Almora, et al., 2003Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002Kim, Shin, et al., 2001de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 2001Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-54SE-54HP-5DB-5MSSE-54
Column length (m) 25.25.50.30.25.
Carrier gas   HeH2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.310.310.320.250.31
Phase thickness (mum)   1.050.25 
Tstart (C) 35.35.50.40.35.
Tend (C) 230.230.290.200.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.3.  3.
Final hold (min) 10.10.   
I 1039.081039.311037.1031.1036.
ReferenceYin, Xiu, et al., 2001Yin, Xiu, et al., 2001David, Scanlan, et al., 2000Chassagne, Boulanger, et al., 1999Li, Wang, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-54DB-5OV-1DB-1DB-1
Column length (m) 25.30. 60.30.
Carrier gas H2H2 HeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.310.25 0.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)    0.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.60.35.50.150.
Tend (C) 250.220.300.250.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.8.3.53.
Initial hold (min) 3.3. 5. 
Final hold (min)      
I 1037.1033.1004.81026.1007.
ReferenceLi, Wang, et al., 1998Sakho, Chassagne, et al., 1997Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996Stashenko, Prada, et al., 1996Coen, Engel, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1OV-101OV-101SE-54
Column length (m) 30.60.50.50.25.
Carrier gas N2HeN2N2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  0.15
Tstart (C) 150.40.80.80.40.
Tend (C) 280.280.200.200.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.2.5.
Initial hold (min)  3.  1.
Final hold (min)  10.  15.
I 1007.1047.1007.1007.1027.2
ReferenceCoen, Engel, et al., 1995Adedeji, Hartman, et al., 1992Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992Shapi and Hesso, 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-54DB-1DB-1BP-1DB-5
Column length (m) 25.30.30.12.0.32
Carrier gas He  H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.25 1.
Phase thickness (mum) 0.15    
Tstart (C) 40.50.50.40.30.
Tend (C) 280.300.300.240.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.2.4.1.5
Initial hold (min) 1.  2.5.
Final hold (min) 15.  75. 
I 1027.21003.91007.41002.1033.
ReferenceShapi and Hesso, 1990Chang, Sheng, et al., 1989Chang, Sheng, et al., 1989Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989Guichard and Souty, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-30OV-101CP Sil 5 CBCP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m) 25.25.50.26.26.
Carrier gas N2N2He  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.330.330.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)    1.251.25
Tstart (C) 100.50.40.100.100.
Tend (C)   250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.10.2.10.10.
Initial hold (min)   4.  
Final hold (min)      
I 1005.1022.1040.1010.1014.
ReferenceKorhonen, 1986Korhonen, 1986Misharina, Vitt, et al., 1986Halket and Schulten, 1985Halket and Schulten, 1985
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase OV-1OV-1SE-30
Column length (m) 183.183. 
Carrier gas  N2 
Substrate   Celite
Column diameter (mm) 0.762  
Phase thickness (mum)    
Tstart (C) 0.0.75.
Tend (C) 230.230.228.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.1. 
Initial hold (min)    
Final hold (min)    
I 1014.1013.1020.
ReferenceSchreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976, 2van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Engel and Ratel, 2007
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Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 2006
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Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2006, 82, 1-2, 218-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.08.008 . [all data]

Zhao, Wang X.Y., et al., 2006
Zhao, Y.P.; Wang X.Y.; Wang, Z.C.; Lu Y.; Fu, C.X.; Chen, S.Y., Essential oil of Actinidia macrosperma, a catnip response kiwi endemic to China, Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B, 2006, 7, 9, 708-712, https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2006.B0708 . [all data]

Alves, Pinto, et al., 2005
Alves, R.J.V.; Pinto, A.C.; da Costa, A.V.M.; Rezende, C.M., Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. (Rhamnaceae) and the chemical composition of its floral fecal odor, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2005, 16, 3B, 654-656, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532005000400027 . [all data]

bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005
bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ahmad, N.W.; Jamal, J.A., Insecticidal activities of the leaf oils of eight Cinnamomum species against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, Pharm. Biol., 2005, 43, 6, 526-532, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200500220771 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005
Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Fang, H.-Z.; Li, X.-N., Temperature-programmed retention indices for gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis of plant essential oils, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1096, 1-2, 76-85, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.09.067 . [all data]

Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 2004
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Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
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Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 2
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Raina, Kumar, et al., 2004
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Siegmund and Murkovic, 2004
Siegmund, B.; Murkovic, M., Changes in chemical composition of pumpkin seeds during the roasting process for production of pumpkin seed oil (Part 2: volatile compounds), Food Chem., 2004, 84, 3, 367-374, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00241-3 . [all data]

Singer, Flach, et al., 2004
Singer, R.B.; Flach, A.; Koehler, S.; Marsaioli, A.J.; Amaral, M.C.E., Sexual Mimicry in Mormolyca ringens (Lindl.) Schltr. (Orchidaceae: Maxillariinae), Ann. Bot. Rome, 2004, 93, 6, 755-762, https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mch091 . [all data]

Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Cavalli, J.-F.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M., Comparison of static headspace, headspace solid phase microextraction, headspace sorptive extraction, and direct thermal desorption techniques on chemical composition of French olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 26, 7709-7716, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034834n . [all data]

Isidorov and Vinogorova, 2003
Isidorov, V.A.; Vinogorova, V.T., GC-MS analysis of compounds extracted from buds of Populus balsamifera and Populus nigra, Z. Naturforsch. C:, 2003, 58, 355-360. [all data]

Lalel, Singh, et al., 2003
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Pino, Almora, et al., 2003
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Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

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Shapi, M.M.; Hesso, A., Thermal decomposition of polystyrene volatile compounds from large-scale pyrolysis, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1990, 18, 2, 143-161, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(90)80004-8 . [all data]

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Chang, L.P.; Sheng, L.S.; Yang, M.Z.; An, D.K., Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatography, Acta Pharm. Sin., 1989, 24, 11, 847-852. [all data]

Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989
Tan, S.T.; Wilkins, A.L.; Holland, P.T.; McGhie, T.K., Extractives from New Zealand unifloral honeys. 2. Degraded carotenoids and other substances from heather honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 5, 1217-1221, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00089a004 . [all data]

Guichard and Souty, 1988
Guichard, E.; Souty, M., Comparison of the relative quantities of aroma compounds found in fresh apricot (Prunus armeniaca) from six different varieties, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1988, 186, 4, 301-307, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01027031 . [all data]

Korhonen, 1986
Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Analyses. XLVIII. Benzyl, (±)-1-Phenylethyl and 2-Phenylethyl Alcohols and the Corresponding Esters of Benzoic Acid and Its 2-, 3- and 4-Chloro, Pentafluoro, 4-Nitro and 3,5-Dinitro Derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 Capillary Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 363, 277-292. [all data]

Misharina, Vitt, et al., 1986
Misharina, T.A.; Vitt, S.V.; Golovnya, R.V.; Belikov, V.M., The use of chemical modification for combined chromatographic-mass spectrometric identification of isomeric thiophene and furan substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1986, 61, 10, 1876-1881. [all data]

Halket and Schulten, 1985
Halket, J.M.; Schulten, H.-R., Thick-film capillary column gas chromatography-field ionization mass spectrometry: A complementary technique for the rapid analysis of volatiles, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 322, 200-205, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97672-1 . [all data]

Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976
Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; van Wassenhove, F.; Schamp, N., Analysis of leek volatiles by headspace condensation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1976, 24, 6, 1147-1152, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60208a023 . [all data]

Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976, 2
Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; van Wassenhove, F.; Schamp, N., Volatile flavor components of leek, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1976, 24, 2, 336-341, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60204a056 . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References