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Ethylbenzene

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Temperature (C) 0.10.20.30.40.
I 850.6844.5846.8843.4841.8
ReferenceWang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1Methyl SiliconeZB-5OV-101
Column length (m) 30.30.15.60.50.
Carrier gas   He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.240.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.25 
Temperature (C) 50.60.150.120.60.
I 843.5848.1866.85879.95847.3
ReferenceWang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002Lebrón-Aguilar, Eduardo Quintanilla-López, et al., 2002Chen, Liang, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase C78, Branched paraffinHP-101HP-101OV-1DB-1
Column length (m) 3.350.50.50.10.
Carrier gas HeH2H2 He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.20.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.20.2 0.25
Temperature (C) 130.60.60.100.140.
I 875.4848.34848.34859.2861.
ReferenceDallos, Sisak, et al., 2000Garay, 2000Garay, 2000Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Beens, Tijssen, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1CP Sil 2CP Sil 2OV-101
Column length (m) 10.30.100.100.20.
Carrier gas HeHe   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.530.250.250.5
Phase thickness (mum) 0.255.00.250.25 
Temperature (C) 60.60.60.80.150.
I 847.850.848.0854.8871.1
ReferenceBeens, Tijssen, et al., 1998Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 1997Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995Cha and Lee, 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101DB-1PONAPONADB-1
Column length (m) 20.    
Carrier gas  H2H2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.5    
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.50.51.
Temperature (C) 180.60.60.60.60.
I 880.0847.8848.1848.1848.2
ReferenceCha and Lee, 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101SqualaneC78, Branched paraffinHP-1HP-1
Column length (m)  3.3.325.25.
Carrier gas H2H2 N2N2
Substrate  Silanized white support (80-100 mesh)Chromosorb G HP  
Column diameter (mm)    0.200.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.2    
Temperature (C) 60.100.130.60.60.
I 847.6849.874.0848.848.
ReferenceKrupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Hongwei and Zhide, 1992Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1SPB-1ApolaneOV-1
Column length (m) 25.25.60.3.760.
Carrier gas N2N2N2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.200.75 0.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.60.130.100.
I 859.859.848.875.858.4
ReferenceZhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991Dutoit, 1991Engewald and Maurer, 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1OV-101OV-1OV-1
Column length (m) 60.50.50.25.25.
Carrier gas    HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.310.31
Phase thickness (mum)    0.520.52
Temperature (C) 120.90.100.45.65.
I 863.3857.3857.844.6849.7
ReferenceEngewald and Maurer, 1990Maurer, Engewald, et al., 1990Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneOV-101SqualaneHP-1
Column length (m) 50.50.50.2.25.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeN2
Substrate    Risorb (0.2-0.3 mm) 
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.220.20 0.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.210.21   
Temperature (C) 50.70.100.70.60.
I 834.6839.8858.840.859.
ReferenceGuan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989Safina, Poznyak, et al., 1989Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1SqualaneSqualaneOV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 25.50.50.278.278.
Carrier gas N2HeHeH2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.220.220.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 60.50.70.100.100.
I 860.832.8838.5857.858.
ReferenceBangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase OV-101SqualaneSqualaneSE-30OV-101
Column length (m) 50. 180.3.85.
Carrier gas    ArN2
Substrate    Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh) 
Column diameter (mm) 0.30 0.25 0.28
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.50.150.100.
I 859.849.833.3870.857.
ReferenceEngewald, Topalova, et al., 1987Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986Tiess, 1984Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101Squalane
Column length (m) 85.85.85.85.100.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.280.280.280.28 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.110.90.106.
I 859.857.860.854.848.
ReferenceBoneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase SqualaneDB-1DB-1SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 100.60.60.15.2.
Carrier gas He  N2 
Substrate     Gaschrom Q
Column diameter (mm)  0.2640.2590.25 
Phase thickness (mum)   1.  
Temperature (C) 96.60.60.70.100.
I 845.847.8848.2851.4859.
ReferenceKugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Tóth, 1983Winskowski, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-30OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 100.100.50.50.50.
Carrier gas   N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.50.50.300.300.30
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 130.80.100.120.140.
I 867.854.859.864.870.
ReferenceBredael, 1982Bredael, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Porapack QSqualaneSqualaneOV-101OV-101
Column length (m)  50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.30.3
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 200.86.96.100.120.
I 821.845.3847.7858.9864.2
ReferenceGoebel, 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.1.100.100.50.
Carrier gas N2He  N2
Substrate  Chromaton N-AW-HMDS   
Column diameter (mm) 0.3 0.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 140.100.50.70.86.
I 870.1846.834.1839.5844.6
ReferenceGerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 86.86.86.70.70.
I 844.6844.8845.3839.4840.6
ReferenceNabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 10.10.50.50.100.
Carrier gas     N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.23
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 70.70.86.96.100.
I 839.839.2845.3847.7850.
ReferenceDrozd, Novák, et al., 1978Drozd, Novák, et al., 1978Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Engewald and Wennrich, 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneApolaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 120.120.2.450.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHe  
Substrate   Chromosorb  
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.70.60.60.
I 844.844.855.2837.839.
ReferenceLulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976Ryba, 1976Ryba, 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSE-30SE-30SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 100.6.16.16.16.1
Carrier gas H2N2N2N2N2
Substrate  Chrom WChrom WChrom WChrom W
Column diameter (mm) 0.25    
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 80.110.120.130.140.
I 841.56864.866.870.873.
ReferenceSoják and Rijks, 1976Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-30SE-30SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 6.16.16.16.16.1
Carrier gas H2H2H2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 3.183.183.183.183.18
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 130.140.150.160.170.
I 868.872.875.877.880.
ReferenceMitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 50.100.100.25.525.5
Carrier gas H2N2N2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.50.5
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.50.70.65.65.
I 850.835.840.849.1849.1
ReferenceMitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2Rijks and Cramers, 1974Rijks and Cramers, 1974Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-30SE-30SE-30Squalane
Column length (m) 25.525.525.525.510.5
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.50.50.50.50.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 65.65.65.65.100.
I 849.1849.1849.1849.1847.7
ReferenceSvob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)
Column length (m) 50.50.   
Carrier gas N2N2   
Substrate Celite 545Celite 545   
Column diameter (mm) 0.30.3   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.86.35.45.50.
I 848.843.846.850.852.
ReferenceAgrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)SqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m)   100.3.0100.
Carrier gas    N2 
Substrate    Embacel 
Column diameter (mm)   0.25 0.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 58.68.70.100.80.
I 855.859.834.848.844.2
ReferenceSidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Dimov and Schopov, 1971Robinson and Odell, 1971Wallaert, 1971
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneApiezon LSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 200.200.2.315.15.
Carrier gas N2N2N2HeHe
Substrate   DCMS-treated Chromosorb WChromosorb PChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.2 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 115.86.100.27.49.
I 851.3844.3879.830.836.
ReferenceSoják and Bucinská, 1970Soják and Bucinská, 1970Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneApiezon LApiezon LApiezon L
Column length (m) 15.15.10.10.10.
Carrier gas HeHe   
Substrate Chromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 67.86.100.120.140.
I 841.846.876.884.892.
ReferenceHively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon LSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 10.6.6.6.6.
Carrier gas      
Substrate Chromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 80.100.120.140.80.
I 868.847.853.859.843.
ReferenceBonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase Squalane
Column length (m)  
Carrier gas  
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm)  
Phase thickness (mum)  
Temperature (C) 70.
I 840.
ReferenceSchomburg, 1966
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wang, Liu, et al., 2005
Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 2005, 81, 2, 184-190, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2005.02.003 . [all data]

Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002
Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Malyukova, I.V.; Popova, T.P.; Shiryaeva, V.E.; Khotimskii, V.S., Poly[1-(trimethylsilyl)-1-propine] as chromatographic adsorbent and prospects of its application in packed and capillary columns, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 960, 1-2, 151-158, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00333-3 . [all data]

Lebrón-Aguilar, Eduardo Quintanilla-López, et al., 2002
Lebrón-Aguilar, R.; Eduardo Quintanilla-López, J.; Antonio García-Domínguez, J., Improving the accuracy of Kováts' retention indices in isothermal gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 945, 1-2, 185-194, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01463-7 . [all data]

Chen, Liang, et al., 2001
Chen, J.P.; Liang, X.M.; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, L.F., Prediction of GC retention values under various column temperature conditions from temperature programmed data, Chromatographia, 2001, 53, 9/10, 539-547, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02491619 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Garay, 2000
Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 2000, 51, 1, s108-s120, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492792 . [all data]

Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999
Zhu, X.; Zhang, L.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Che, X., The application quantitative structure-retention relationship of GC to aid MS qualitative analysis, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1999, 17, 4, 351-353. [all data]

Beens, Tijssen, et al., 1998
Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. A theoretical and practical exercise, J. Chromatogr. A, 1998, 822, 2, 233-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00649-9 . [all data]

Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 1997
Dewulf, J.; Van Langenhove, H.; Everaert, M., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile organic compounds estimation of the sorption equilibrium from the Kováts index, effect of salinity and humic acids and the study of the kinetics by the development of an agitated/static layer model, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 761, 1-2, 205-217, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00810-2 . [all data]

Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995
Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 7, 403-412, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180703 . [all data]

Cha and Lee, 1994
Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 1994, 38, 2, 108-120, retrieved from http://journal.kcsnet.or.kr/publi/dh/dh94n2/108.pdf. [all data]

Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994
Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1994, 59, 11, 2390-2396, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19942390 . [all data]

Hongwei and Zhide, 1992
Hongwei, Z.; Zhide, H., Utilization of total solubility parameter for calculating retention indices of alkylbenzenes, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 11/12, 575-580, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02262251 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 3/4, 138-146, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275894 . [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Gerbino, T., Gas chromatographic separation and automatic identification of complex mixtures of organic solvents in indrustrial wates, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 585, 2, 273-280, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)85088-W . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Engewald and Maurer, 1990
Engewald, W.; Maurer, T., Enhanced possibilities for identification by the use of series-coupled capillary gas chromatographic columns. I. General exposition and application of the retention index concept, J. Chromatogr., 1990, 520, 3-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(90)85078-A . [all data]

Maurer, Engewald, et al., 1990
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Notes

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