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Ethylbenzene

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5 MSRTX-5 MSPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsDB-1
Column length (m) 30.15.  60.
Carrier gas HeliumHelium  Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25  0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  0.25
Program not specified35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min)not specifiednot specified50 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min)
I 860.850.864.866.852.
ReferenceKotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 2012Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Delort and Jaquier, 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSLB-5 MSSLB-5 MSHP-5HP-5
Column length (m)  30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeliumHelium  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Program not specified50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)not specified40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)not specified
I 840.867.857.868.851.
ReferenceChen, 2008Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008Zhao, Li, et al., 2008Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5 MSDB-5 MSHP-5BPX-5Methyl Silicone
Column length (m) 30.60. 60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.32 0.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.0 1.1.0
Program 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)40C(4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C-50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
I 870.869.850.871.855.
ReferenceCajka, Hajslova, et al., 2007Liu, Xu, et al., 2007Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007van Ruth, Floris, et al., 2006Blunden, Aneja, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Polydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groupsHP-5MSHP-5DB-5Polymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)
Column length (m)  30.50.50. 
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum)  0.251.051.05 
Program not specified40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)not specified
I 893.855.868.868.851.
ReferencePino, Marbot, et al., 2005Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2005Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2Cornwell and Cordano, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5Methyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)HP-5MSBP-1CP Sil 8 CB
Column length (m) 60. 30.50.60.
Carrier gas Helium HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.251.0.25
Program 50 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)not specified40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)-50C => 49.9C/min => 5C(3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C(20 min)not specified
I 859.866.851.839.30869.
ReferenceLee and Kim, 2002Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 2001Cooke, Hassoun, et al., 2001Duckham, Dodson, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5 MSOV-101DB-1BPX-5Methyl Silicone
Column length (m) 30.  50. 
Carrier gas Helium  Helium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25  0.32 
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0  0.50 
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specified40 0C (5 min) 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)not specified
I 879.858.848.868.853.
ReferenceLuo and Agnew, 2001Zhu and Wang, 2001Zhu and Wang, 2001Madruga, Arruda, et al., 2000Spieksma, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1Methyl SiliconeSPB-1Methyl Silicone
Column length (m)    60. 
Carrier gas    He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.53 
Phase thickness (mum)    5. 
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specified40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200Cnot specified
I 846.848.854.861.854.
ReferenceZhu and He, 1999Zhu and He, 1999Zenkevich, 1998Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-1SE-30SE-30Polydimethyl siloxanes
Column length (m) 50.30.   
Carrier gas He    
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.53   
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.5   
Program 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)not specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 872.858.851.858.854.
ReferenceMateo and Zumalacárregui, 1996Peng, 1996Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Polydimethyl siloxanesDB-5DB-1DB-1DB-1
Column length (m)  30.60.30.60.
Carrier gas  He He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)   0.251.0.25
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specified40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
I 854.863.846.854.846.
ReferenceZenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Sorimachi, Tanabe, et al., 1995Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994Schuberth, 1994Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1SPB-1SPB-1OV-1OV-1
Column length (m) 100.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas  HeliumHelium  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.530.530.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.55.05.0  
Program not specified40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0Cnot specified1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 100C1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
I 847.861.860.859.1863.3
ReferenceHathcock and Bertsch, 1993Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992Engewald and Maurer, 1990Engewald and Maurer, 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1SqualaneCP Sil 8 CBSE-30
Column length (m) 60.60. 40.60.
Carrier gas    HeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.32 0.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)    0.25 
Program 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 6C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.1)1st 30m column temp ramp 3C/min 60-120 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 120Cnot specified30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C50C(8min) => 3C/min => 150C => 35C/min => 275C (10min)
I 862.8862.6847.5867.844.
ReferenceEngewald and Maurer, 1990Engewald and Maurer, 1990Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Weller and Wolf, 1989Ibrahim and Suffet, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-52OV-1OV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.OV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.OV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.
Column length (m) 100.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas  HydrogenHydrogenHydrogenHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.500.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified
I 870.846.830.840.846.
Referencevan Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Waggott and Davies, 1984Waggott and Davies, 1984Waggott and Davies, 1984Waggott and Davies, 1984
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedPacked
Active phase OV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.OV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.OV-1SE-30Squalane
Column length (m) 50.50. 6.13.0
Carrier gas HydrogenHydrogen   
Substrate    Chrom WEmbacel
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.32   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Program not specifiednot specifiednot specified50C(10min) => 20C/min(2min) => 90C(6min) => 10C/min(6min) => (hold at 150C)25C(5min) => 2C/min(5min) => 4C/min(15min) => (hold at 95C)
I 846.848.849.864.843.
ReferenceWaggott and Davies, 1984Waggott and Davies, 1984Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Robinson and Odell, 1971Robinson and Odell, 1971
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012
Kotowska, U.; Zalikowski, M.; Isidorov, V.A., HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from municipal sewage sludge, Environ. Monit. Asses., 2012, 184, 5, 2893-2907, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2158-8 . [all data]

Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 2012
Nadaf, M.; Halimi, M.; Mortazavi, M., Identification of nonpolar chemical composition Spartium junceum flower growing in Iran by GC-MS, Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 2012, 11, 2, 221-224. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Delort and Jaquier, 2009
Delort, E.; Jaquier, A., Novel terpenyl esters from Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica) peel extract, Flav. Fragr. J., 2009, 24, 3, 123-132, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1922 . [all data]

Chen, 2008
Chen, H.-F., Quantitative prediction of gas chromatography retention indices with support vector machines, radial basis neutral networks and multiple linear regression, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2008, 609, 1, 24-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.003 . [all data]

Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008
Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 2, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1919 . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 2007
Cajka, T.; Hajslova, J.; Cochran, J.; Holadova, K.; Klimankova, E., Solid phase microextraction - comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography - time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the analysis of honey volatiles, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 30, 4, 534-546, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600413 . [all data]

Liu, Xu, et al., 2007
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Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007
Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 2007, 68, 20, 2584-2598, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.030 . [all data]

van Ruth, Floris, et al., 2006
van Ruth, S.M.; Floris, V.; Fayoux, S., Characterisation of the volatile profiles of infant formulas by proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 2006, 98, 2, 343-350, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.06.012 . [all data]

Blunden, Aneja, et al., 2005
Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 2005, 39, 36, 6707-6718, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.03.053 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005
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Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2005
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; L´opez-Tamames, E., Simultaneous determination of volatile and semi-volatile aromatic hydrocarbons in virgin olive oil by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1090, 1-2, 146-154, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.07.007 . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2004, 84, 11, 1364-1370, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1826 . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasarán, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 2004, 64, 2, 458-466, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2004.03.007 . [all data]

Cornwell and Cordano, 2003
Cornwell, E.; Cordano, G., Nueva proposicion para predecir datos de retencion obtenidos mediante cromatografia de gases de hidrocarburos derivados de las naftas, Revista de la Sociedad Quimica de Mexico, 2003, 47, 1, 38-43. [all data]

Lee and Kim, 2002
Lee, D.-S.; Kim, N.-S., Identification of fragrances from chestnut blossom by gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 2002, 23, 11, 1647-1650, https://doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2002.23.11.1647 . [all data]

Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002
Poligne, I.; Collignan, A.; Trystram, G., Effects of salting, drying, cooking, and smoking operations on volatile compound formation and collor patterns in pork, Food Eng. Physical Properties, 2002, 67, 8, 2976-2986. [all data]

Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 2001
Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasarán, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 2001, 34, 1, 67-75, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(00)00133-2 . [all data]

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Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
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Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1997
Zenkevich, I.G.; Tsibulskaya, I.A., Group identification of organic compounds by gas-chromatographic retention indices and partition coefficients in the hexane-nitromethane system, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1997, 71, 2, 341-346. [all data]

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Mateo, J.; Zumalacárregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 1996, 44, 4, 255-273, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(96)00028-9 . [all data]

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Peng, C.T., Gas chromatographic identification of aromatic hydrocarbons in Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry, Cook, G.T.; Harkness, D.D.; MacKenzie, A.B.; Miller, B.F.; Scott, E.M., ed(s)., 1996, 221-232. [all data]

Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996
Xiuhua, Zh.; Zhang, L.; Che, X., Prediction of the Kovats retention indexes of polysubstituted alkylbenzenes, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1996, 14, 4, 244-248. [all data]

Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 1996, 32, 5, 656-666. [all data]

Sorimachi, Tanabe, et al., 1995
Sorimachi, J.; Tanabe, A.; Mitobe, H.; Kuniaki, K.; Masaaki, S., Programmed temperature retention indices for volatile organic compounds on headspace GC/MS analysis, Niigata-ken Eisei Kogai Kenkyusho Nenpo, 1995, 11, 75-79. [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, 1994, 549-568. [all data]

Schuberth, 1994
Schuberth, J., Joint use of retention index and mass spectrum in postmortem tests for volatile organics by headspace capillary gas chromatography with ion-trap detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 674, 1-2, 63-71, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)85217-0 . [all data]

Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 1993
Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 643, 1-2, 55-69, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80541-F . [all data]

Hathcock and Bertsch, 1993
Hathcock, S.; Bertsch, W., Analysis of volatiles associated with industrial scale processing of expanded polystyrene. Part II: Identification and quantitation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 11, 651-659, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240161106 . [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Engewald and Maurer, 1990
Engewald, W.; Maurer, T., Enhanced possibilities for identification by the use of series-coupled capillary gas chromatographic columns. I. General exposition and application of the retention index concept, J. Chromatogr., 1990, 520, 3-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(90)85078-A . [all data]

Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989
Dimov, N.; Mekenyan, Ov., Quantitative Relationships Between the Structure of Alkylbenzenes and Their Gas Chromatographic Retention on Stationary Phasses with Different Polarity, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 471, 227-236, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94170-0 . [all data]

Weller and Wolf, 1989
Weller, J.-P.; Wolf, M., Massenspektroskopie und Headspace-GC, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 1989, 47, 525-532. [all data]

Ibrahim and Suffet, 1988
Ibrahim, E.A.; Suffet, I.H., Freon FC-113, an Alternative to Methylene Chloride for Liquid-Liquid Extraction of Trace Organics from Chlorinated Drinking Water, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 454, 217-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)88615-X . [all data]

van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986
van Langenhove, H.; Schamp, N., Identification of Volatiles in the Head Space of Acid-Treated Phosphate Rock by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectromety, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 351, 65-75, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)83473-7 . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]

Robinson and Odell, 1971
Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., Comparison of isothermal and non-linear temperature programmed gas chromatography. The temperature dependence of the retention indices of a number of hydrocarbons on squalane and SE-30, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 57, 11-17, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(71)80002-X . [all data]


Notes

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