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Thiophene, 2-bromo-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid52.51cal/mol*KN/AFujimori and Oguni, 1993 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
34.42298.15Fujimori and Oguni, 1993T = 4 to 300 K.

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil423.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus203.9KN/AGonthier-Vassal, Szwarc, et al., 1992Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple204.30KN/AFujimori and Oguni, 1993, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
6.67348.A,IStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 333. - 373. K. See also Eon, Pommier, et al., 1971 and Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
333.4 - 373.53.393481465.2280.878Eon, Pommier, et al., 1971Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
1.9203.9Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.0033255.3crystaline, IIcrystaline, IFujimori and Oguni, 1993DH
1.889205.30crystaline, IliquidFujimori and Oguni, 1993DH
1.503196.2crystaline, IIIliquidGonthier-Vassal and Szwarc, 1992DH
1.554200.3crystaline, IIliquidGonthier-Vassal and Szwarc, 1992DH
1.812203.9crystaline, IliquidGonthier-Vassal and Szwarc, 1992DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.060055.3crystaline, IIcrystaline, IFujimori and Oguni, 1993DH
9.185205.30crystaline, IliquidFujimori and Oguni, 1993DH
7.67196.2crystaline, IIIliquidGonthier-Vassal and Szwarc, 1992DH
7.77200.3crystaline, IIliquidGonthier-Vassal and Szwarc, 1992DH
8.89203.9crystaline, IliquidGonthier-Vassal and Szwarc, 1992DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.80CTSAloisi and Pignataro, 1973LLK
8.664 ± 0.005PERabalais, Werme, et al., 1972LLK
8.664PEBergmark, Rabalais, et al., 1972LLK
8.93 ± 0.05EILinda, Marino, et al., 1971LLK
8.50PEBaker, Betteridge, et al., 1970RDSH
8.63 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
8.60PEBozic, Humski, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
8.82 ± 0.05PEFringuelli, Marino, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Spectrum

A digitized version of this spectrum is not currently available.

Additional Data

View scan of original (hardcopy) spectrum.

Owner COBLENTZ SOCIETY
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 2555
Date Not specified, most likely prior to 1970
Instrument Not specified, most likely a prism, grating, or hybrid spectrometer.
Data processing (NO SPECTRUM, ONLY SCANNED IMAGE IS AVAILABLE)

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1138
NIST MS number 230410

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon M130.962.Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985He or N2, Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApiezon M130.962.Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978Chromosorb W, AW/DMS; Column length: 2.1 m

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Fujimori and Oguni, 1993
Fujimori, H.; Oguni, M., Construction of an adiabatic calorimeter at low temperatures and glass transition of crystalline 2-bromothiophene, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1993, 54(2), 271-280. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Gonthier-Vassal, Szwarc, et al., 1992
Gonthier-Vassal, A.; Szwarc, H.; Romain, F., DSC study of 2-bromothiophene: a compound with three melting points, Thermochim. Acta, 1992, 202, 87. [all data]

Fujimori and Oguni, 1993, 2
Fujimori, H.; Oguni, M., Construction of an adiabatic calorimeter at low-temp and glass transition of crystalline 2-bromothiophene, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1993, 54, 271. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Eon, Pommier, et al., 1971
Eon, C.; Pommier, C.; Guiochon, G., Vapor pressures and second virial coefficients of some five-membered heterocyclic derivatives, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1971, 16, 4, 408-410, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60051a008 . [all data]

Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999
Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.L.; Hall, K.R., Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Part A. Vapor Pressure and Antoine Constants for Hydrocarbons and Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium and Hydrogen Containing Organic Compounds, Springer, Berlin, 1999, 373. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Gonthier-Vassal and Szwarc, 1992
Gonthier-Vassal, A.; Szwarc, H., and Romain F., DSC study of 2-bromothiophene: a compound with three melting points, Thermochim. Acta, 1992, 202, 87-96. [all data]

Aloisi and Pignataro, 1973
Aloisi, G.G.; Pignataro, S., Molecular complexes of substituted thiophens with «sigma» and «pi» acceptors, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1, 1973, 69, 534. [all data]

Rabalais, Werme, et al., 1972
Rabalais, J.W.; Werme, L.O.; Bergmark, T.; Karlsson, L.; Siegbahn, K., The high resolution electron spectra of thiophene, 2-bromothiophene and 3-bromothiophene, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1972, 9, 185. [all data]

Bergmark, Rabalais, et al., 1972
Bergmark, T.; Rabalais, J.W.; Werme, L.O.; Karlsson, L.; Siegbahn, K., High-resolution electron spectra of methane, thiophene, 2-bromothiphene, and 3-bromothiophene in Electron Spectroscopy, ed. D.A. Shirley (North-Holland Pub. Co., Amsterdam), 1972. [all data]

Linda, Marino, et al., 1971
Linda, P.; Marino, G.; Pignataro, S., A comparison of sensitivities to substituent effects of five- membered heteroaromatic rings in gas phase ionization, J. Chem. Soc. B, 1971, 1585. [all data]

Baker, Betteridge, et al., 1970
Baker, A.D.; Betteridge, D.; Kemp, N.R.; Kirby, R.E., Application of photoelectron spectrometry to pesticide analysis. Photoelectron spectra of fivemembered heterocycles and related molecules, Anal. Chem., 1970, 42, 1064. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Bozic, Humski, et al., 1977
Bozic, Z.; Humski, K.; Cvitas, T.; Klasinc, L., Photoelectron spectra of bromo- and iodo- thiophens, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1977, 1413. [all data]

Fringuelli, Marino, et al., 1976
Fringuelli, F.; Marino, G.; Taticchi, A.; Distefano, G.; Colonna, F.P.; Pignataro, S., Photoelectron spectra of the «alpha»-substituted derivatives of furan, thiophen, selenophen, and tellurophen. A comparative study of the molecular orbital energies, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1976, 276. [all data]

Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985
Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1985, 40, 4, 576-586. [all data]

Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978
Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Aerov, A.F., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulfur-containing compounds. 5. Thiophene, furan, and benzene derivatives, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1978, 11, 2271-2274. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References