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Acetophenone, 4'-nitro-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-3933.kJ/molCcbSeno, Tsuchiya, et al., 1975 

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil475.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil421.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus353.65KN/AHajos, 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)824.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity792.5kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.57 ± 0.10IMREChowdhury, Kishi, et al., 1989«DELTA»Gea(423 K) = -34.8 kcal/mol, «DELTA»S = -3 eu est; B
1.539 ± 0.087IMREHuh, Kang, et al., 1999«DELTA»G(EA) 343K; anchored to «DELTA»G value. Including anchor «DELTA»S, EA is ca. 0.4 kcal/mol more bound.; B
1.414 ± 0.087IMREMishima, Huh, et al., 1995«DELTA»Gea(343 K)=-33.5 kcal/mol. Reanchored to EA(PhNO2), Kebarle and Chowdhury, 1987.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.07 ± 0.02EIFoffani, Pignataro, et al., 1964RDSH
10.05PEDistefano, Granozzi, et al., 1987Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.98PEGal, Geribaldi, et al., 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM
10.2 ± 0.1PEEgdell, Green, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C7H4NO3+10.7 ± 0.1CH3EIChin and Harrison, 1969RDSH
C7H4NO3+10.32CH3EIBuchs, Rossetti, et al., 1964RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118930

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Grammaticakis, 1953
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 954
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 81.8
Boiling point 165(5)

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Seno, Tsuchiya, et al., 1975
Seno, M.; Tsuchiya, S.; Kise, H.; Asahara, T., Studies on bond character in phosphorus ylides by combustion heat and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1975, 48, 2001-2005. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Hajos, 1959
Hajos, A., Experiments in the Domain of chloroamphenicols VIII. Preparation of nitroacetophenones and nitrobenzaldehydes and various derivatives through oxidative oxime cleavage, Acta Chim. Acad. Sci. Hung., 1959, 21, 131. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Chowdhury, Kishi, et al., 1989
Chowdhury, S.; Kishi, H.; Dillow, G.W.; Kebarle, P., Electron Affinities of Substituted Nitrobenzenes, Can. J. Chem., 1989, 67, 4, 603, https://doi.org/10.1139/v89-091 . [all data]

Huh, Kang, et al., 1999
Huh, C.; Kang, C.H.; Lee, H.W.; Nakamura, H.; Mishima, M.; Tsuno, Y.; Yamataka, H., Thermodynamic stabilities and resonance demand of aromatic radical anions in the gas phase, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1999, 72, 5, 1083-1091, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.72.1083 . [all data]

Mishima, Huh, et al., 1995
Mishima, M.; Huh, C.; Lee, H.W.; Nakamura, H.; Fujio, M.; Tsuno, Y., Electron affinities of acetophenones and methyl benzoates. Varying resonance demand of aromatic radical anions, Tetrahed. Lett., 1995, 36, 13, 2265, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-4039(95)00267-G . [all data]

Kebarle and Chowdhury, 1987
Kebarle, P.; Chowdhury, S., Electron affinities and electron transfer reactions, Chem. Rev., 1987, 87, 513. [all data]

Foffani, Pignataro, et al., 1964
Foffani, A.; Pignataro, S.; Cantone, B.; Grasso, F., Ionization potentials and substituent effects for aromatic carbonyl compounds, Z. Physik. Chem. (Frankfurt), 1964, 42, 221. [all data]

Distefano, Granozzi, et al., 1987
Distefano, G.; Granozzi, G.; Olivato, P.R.; Guerrero, S.A., Hyperconjugative interactions in halogen-substituted carbonyls: Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy of w-halogenoacetophenones, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1987, 1459. [all data]

Gal, Geribaldi, et al., 1985
Gal, J.-F.; Geribaldi, S.; Pfister-Guillouzo, G.; Morris, D.G., Basicity of the carbonyl group. Part 12. Correlations between ionization potentials and lewis basicities in aromatic carbonyl compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1985, 103. [all data]

Egdell, Green, et al., 1975
Egdell, R.; Green, J.C.; Rao, C.N.R., Photoelectron spectra of substituted benzenes, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1975, 33, 600. [all data]

Chin and Harrison, 1969
Chin, M.S.; Harrison, A.G., Substituent effects on ion abundances and energetics in substituted acetophenones, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1969, 2, 1073. [all data]

Buchs, Rossetti, et al., 1964
Buchs, A.; Rossetti, G.P.; Susz, B.P., Etude, en fonction de la constante «sigma»p de Hammett, du spectre de masse d'acetophenones p-substituees, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1964, 47, 1563. [all data]

Grammaticakis, 1953
Grammaticakis, P., Contribution a l'etude de l'absorption dans l'U.-V. moyen et le visible des composes carbonyles aromatiques et de leurs derives. (2e memoire), Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1953, 20, 865-872. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References