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p-Nitroaniline

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C6H6N2O2+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)207.0kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity199.4kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.75 ± 0.10LPESSmith, Buonaugurio, et al., 2013Vertical Detachment Energy: 1.1 eV; B
0.915 ± 0.087IMREHuh, Kang, et al., 1999«DELTA»G(EA) 343K; anchored to «DELTA»G value. Including anchor «DELTA»S, EA is ca. 0.4 kcal/mol more bound.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.43EIJohnstone and Mellon, 1973LLK
8.34 ± 0.01PIPotapov, Kardash, et al., 1972LLK
8.6 ± 0.1EIBrown, 1970RDSH
8.85EICrable and Kearns, 1962RDSH
8.60PEKhalil, Meeks, et al., 1973Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H6N+11.5 ± 0.1NO2EIBrown, 1970RDSH
C6H6NO+9.6 ± 0.1NOEIBrown, 1970RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C6H5N2O2- + Hydrogen cation = p-Nitroaniline

By formula: C6H5N2O2- + H+ = C6H6N2O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar343.5 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSTaft and Topsom, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar336.2 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRETaft and Topsom, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Smith, Buonaugurio, et al., 2013
Smith, B.H.; Buonaugurio, A.; Chen, J.; Collins, E.; Bowen, K.H.; Compton, R.N.; Sommerfeld, T., Negative ions of p-nitroaniline: Photodetachment, collisions, and ab initio calculations, J. Chem. Phys., 2013, 138, 23, 234304, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4810869 . [all data]

Huh, Kang, et al., 1999
Huh, C.; Kang, C.H.; Lee, H.W.; Nakamura, H.; Mishima, M.; Tsuno, Y.; Yamataka, H., Thermodynamic stabilities and resonance demand of aromatic radical anions in the gas phase, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1999, 72, 5, 1083-1091, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.72.1083 . [all data]

Johnstone and Mellon, 1973
Johnstone, R.A.W.; Mellon, F.A., Effects of induction and resonance in the calculation of ionization potentials of substituted benzenes by perturbation molecular orbital theory, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1973, 69, 36. [all data]

Potapov, Kardash, et al., 1972
Potapov, V.K.; Kardash, I.E.; Sorokin, V.V.; Sokolov, S.A.; Evlasheva, T.I., Photoionization of heteroaromatic compounds, Khim. Vys. Energ., 1972, 6, 392. [all data]

Brown, 1970
Brown, P., Kinetic studies in mass spectrometry. IX. Competing [M-NO2] and [M-NO] reactions in substituted nitrobenzenes. Approximate activation energies from ionization and appearance potentials, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1970, 4, 533. [all data]

Crable and Kearns, 1962
Crable, G.F.; Kearns, G.L., Effect of substituent groups on the ionization potentials of benzenes, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 436. [all data]

Khalil, Meeks, et al., 1973
Khalil, O.S.; Meeks, J.L.; McGlynn, S.P., Electronic spectroscopy of highly polar aromatics. VII. Photoelectron spectra of nitroanilines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 5876. [all data]

Taft and Topsom, 1987
Taft, R.W.; Topsom, R.D., The Nature and Analysis of Substituent Effects, Prog. Phys. Org. Chem., 1987, 16, 1. [all data]


Notes

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