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CN anion


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 51 to 66

(CN- bullet Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- bullet Water bullet Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- bullet CHN) + H2O = (CN- bullet H2O bullet CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; B

(CN- bullet Hydrogen cyanide bullet 2Water) + Hydrogen cyanide = (CN- bullet 2Hydrogen cyanide bullet 2Water)

By formula: (CN- bullet CHN bullet 2H2O) + CHN = (CN- bullet 2CHN bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

(CN- bullet 2Hydrogen cyanide bullet Water) + Hydrogen cyanide = (CN- bullet 3Hydrogen cyanide bullet Water)

By formula: (CN- bullet 2CHN bullet H2O) + CHN = (CN- bullet 3CHN bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
30.262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

(CN- bullet 3Water) + Hydrogen cyanide = (CN- bullet Hydrogen cyanide bullet 3Water)

By formula: (CN- bullet 3H2O) + CHN = (CN- bullet CHN bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
33.262.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

CN- + Sulfur dioxide = (CN- bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: CN- + O2S = (CN- bullet O2S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.07 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B

CN- + Carbon dioxide = (CN- bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: CN- + CO2 = (CN- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.4 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar132.J/mol*KPHPMSLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.1 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(CN- bullet 5Hydrogen cyanide) + Hydrogen cyanide = (CN- bullet 6Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- bullet 5CHN) + CHN = (CN- bullet 6CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.4J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.0kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; B

CN- + Borane, triethyl- = (CN- bullet Borane, triethyl-)

By formula: CN- + C6H15B = (CN- bullet C6H15B)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar150.2 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115.5 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(CN- bullet 2Water bullet Hydrogen cyanide) + Water = (CN- bullet 3Water bullet Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (CN- bullet 2H2O bullet CHN) + H2O = (CN- bullet 3H2O bullet CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsMeot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

(CN- bullet Hydrogen cyanide bullet Water) + Hydrogen cyanide = (CN- bullet 2Hydrogen cyanide bullet Water)

By formula: (CN- bullet CHN bullet H2O) + CHN = (CN- bullet 2CHN bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar55.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989gas phase; n; M

CN- + C3F6O = (CN- bullet C3F6O)

By formula: CN- + C3F6O = (CN- bullet C3F6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115. ± 4.2kJ/molIMRELarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.0 ± 2.1kJ/molIMRELarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B

CN- + Propane, 2-chloro-2-methyl- = (CN- bullet Propane, 2-chloro-2-methyl-)

By formula: CN- + C4H9Cl = (CN- bullet C4H9Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.6 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B

CN- + Chloromethane = (CN- bullet Chloromethane)

By formula: CN- + CH3Cl = (CN- bullet CH3Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.5 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B

CN- + CH3CONHCH(CH3)COOCH3 = (CN- bullet CH3CONHCH(CH3)COOCH3)

By formula: CN- + C6H11NO3 = (CN- bullet C6H11NO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

CN- + L-Alanine, N-acetyl-, methyl ester = (CN- bullet L-Alanine, N-acetyl-, methyl ester)

By formula: CN- + C6H11NO3 = (CN- bullet C6H11NO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

CN- + Borane = (CN- bullet Borane)

By formula: CN- + H3B = (CN- bullet H3B)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar256. ± 8.8kJ/molEndoWorkman and Squires, 1988gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Meot-Ner (Mautner) M. and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner) M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions. 2. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 9, 3663, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100346a058 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1989
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Speller, C.V., Multicomponent Cluster Ions.3. Comparative Stabilities of Cationic and Anionic Hydrogen Bonded Networks. Mixed Clusters of Water and Hydrogen Cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 6580. [all data]

Larson, Szulejko, et al., 1988
Larson, J.W.; Szulejko, J.E.; McMahon, T.B., Gas Phase Lewis Acid-Base Interactions. An Experimental Determination of Cyanide Binding Energies From Ion Cyclotron Resonance and High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Equilibrium Measurements., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 23, 7604, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00231a004 . [all data]

Meot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988
Meot-ner, M.; Cybulski, S.M.; Scheiner, S.; Liebman, J.F., Is CN- Significantly Anisotropic? Comparison of CN- vs. Cl-: Clustering with HCN and Condensed Phase Thermochemistry, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 10, 2738, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100321a009 . [all data]

Li, Ross, et al., 1996
Li, C.; Ross, P.; Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Investigations of the Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas-Phase Sn2 Reactions., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 39, 9360, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja960565o . [all data]

Meot-ner, 1988
Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 6. Interaction Energies of the Acetate Ion with Organic Molecules. Comparison of CH3COO- with Cl-, CN-, and SH-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 12, 3854, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00220a022 . [all data]

Workman and Squires, 1988
Workman, D.B.; Squires, R.R., Hydride Binding Energies of Boranes, Inorg. Chem., 1988, 27, 11, 1846, https://doi.org/10.1021/ic00284a003 . [all data]


Notes

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