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thorium


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - S.G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - S.G. Lias and J.F. Liebman
LLK - S.G. Lias, R.D. Levin, and S.A. Kafafi
RDSH - H.M. Rosenstock, K. Draxl, B.W. Steiner, and J.T. Herron

View reactions leading to Th+ (ion structure unspecified)

QuantityValueUnitsMethodReferenceComment
IE (evaluated)6.308 ± 0.003eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV)MethodReferenceComment
6.3067 ± 0.0002LSTrautmann, 1994LL
6.08EVALLide, 1992LL
6.310 ± 0.002LSJohnson, Fearey, et al., 1992LL
6.0 ± 0.3EILau and Hildenbrand, 1990LL
6.0 ± 0.3EILau, Brittain, et al., 1989LL
6.11 ± 0.02PELee and Potts, 1980LLK
6.9 ± 0.5EIGupta and Gingerich, 1980LLK
6.9 ± 0.5EIGingerich and Gupta, 1978LLK
6.08 ± 0.12EVALSugar, 1974LLK
6.0 ± 0.1EIRauh and Ackermann, 1974LLK
6.8EINeubert and Zmbov, 1974LLK
6.2 ± 0.2EIHildenbrand and Murad, 1974LLK
7.0 ± 0.5EIHildenbrand and Murad, 1974, 2LLK
6.08 ± 0.12SSugar, 1973LLK
5.9 ± 0.15EIAckermann and Rauh, 1973LLK
7.5 ± 0.3SISmith and Hertel, 1969RDSH
6.95 ± 0.06SIIonov and Mittsev, 1961RDSH

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Trautmann, 1994
Trautmann, N., Accurate determination of the first ionization potential of actinides by laser spectroscopy, J. Alloys Compd., 1994, 213/214, 28. [all data]

Lide, 1992
Lide, D.R. (Editor), Ionization potentials of atoms and atomic ions in Handbook of Chem. and Phys., 1992, 10-211. [all data]

Johnson, Fearey, et al., 1992
Johnson, S.G.; Fearey, B.L.; Miller, C.M.; Nogar, N.S., Resonance ionization mass spectrometry of thorium: Determination of the autoionization level structure and a re-determination of the ionization potential, Spectrochim. Acta Part B, 1992, 47, 633. [all data]

Lau and Hildenbrand, 1990
Lau, K.H.; Hildenbrand, D.L., High-temperature equilibrium studies of the gaseous thorium chlorides, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 92, 6124. [all data]

Lau, Brittain, et al., 1989
Lau, K.H.; Brittain, R.D.; Hildenbrand, D.L., High temperature thermodynamic studies of some gaseous thorium fluorides, J. Chem. Phys., 1989, 90, 1158. [all data]

Lee and Potts, 1980
Lee, E.P.F.; Potts, A.W., The VUV photoelectron spectra of atomic In and Tl, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1980, 19, 65. [all data]

Gupta and Gingerich, 1980
Gupta, S.K.; Gingerich, K.A., A thermodynamic study of the gaseous thorium carbides, ThC, ThC2, ThC3, ThC4, ThC5, and ThC6, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 72, 2795. [all data]

Gingerich and Gupta, 1978
Gingerich, K.A.; Gupta, K.A., Dissociation energies of the molecules RhTh and RhU from high temperature mass spectrometry and predicted thermodynamic stabilities of selected diatomic actinide-platinum metal intermetallic molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 1978, 69, 505. [all data]

Sugar, 1974
Sugar, J., Revised ionization energies of the neutral actinides, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 4103. [all data]

Rauh and Ackermann, 1974
Rauh, E.G.; Ackermann, R.J., First ionization potentials of some refractory oxide vapors, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 1396. [all data]

Neubert and Zmbov, 1974
Neubert, A.; Zmbov, K.F., Mass spectrometric determination of the dissociation energy of the ThO molecule, High Temp. Sci., 1974, 6, 303. [all data]

Hildenbrand and Murad, 1974
Hildenbrand, D.L.; Murad, E., Ionization potential of thorium, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 5466. [all data]

Hildenbrand and Murad, 1974, 2
Hildenbrand, D.L.; Murad, E., Mass spectrometric studies of gaseous ThO and ThO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 1232. [all data]

Sugar, 1973
Sugar, J., Ionization energies of the neutral actinides, J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 59, 788. [all data]

Ackermann and Rauh, 1973
Ackermann, R.J.; Rauh, E.G., High temperature properties of the thorium-oxygen system: a revision of the thermodynamic properties of ThO(g) and ThO2(g), High Temp. Sci., 1973, 5, 463. [all data]

Smith and Hertel, 1969
Smith, D.H.; Hertel, G.R., First ionization potentials of Th, Np, and Pu by surface ionization, J. Chem. Phys., 1969, 51, 3105. [all data]

Ionov and Mittsev, 1961
Ionov, N.I.; Mittsev, M.A., Atomic first ionization potentials determined by the method of surface ionization, Zh. Eksperim. i Teor. Fiz. 1961,40,741 (Engl. Transl.: Soviet Phys. JETP, 1961, 13, 518). [all data]


Notes

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