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1-Octadecanol

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillaryOV-101200.2074.4Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 199815. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2
PackedOV-101220.2067.8Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 1997N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySE-30200.2095.1Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 199727. m/0.4 mm/0.1 «mu»m, N2, Chromosorb G HP
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB240.2075.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1240.2074.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30160.2058.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30180.2065.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30200.2063.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30220.2064.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30240.2069.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30260.2067.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedSE-30180.2060.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryBP-12061.Raina, Verma, et al., 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 13. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-12067.Srivastava, Srivastava, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 3. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryOV-1012050.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1012050.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
CapillaryCP-Wax240.2549.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax240.2585.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-351160.2563.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351180.2570.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351200.2574.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351220.2573.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryHP-5MS2081.Kukic J., Petrovic S., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-52080.bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 75. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-52082.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2090.Demetzos, Angelopoulou, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-52084.Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2070.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2082.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-52081.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-12059.Peng, 199215. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-12061.Tokuda, Saitoh, et al., 198812.5 m/0.20 mm/0.11 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 325. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryUltra-12061.Tokuda, Saitoh, et al., 198812.5 m/0.20 mm/0.11 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 325. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryDB-52086.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryVF-5MS2089.8Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryDB-52081.Sampaio and Nogueira, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 220C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-12070.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillarySE-522080.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2059.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
PackedSE-302059.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryAT-Wax2546.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-Wax2598.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2569.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2603.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2603.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
PackedCarbowax 20M2534.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Supelcoport, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min; Column length: 3.05 m; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2558.Schwab, Mahr, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-Wax2570.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDP-52053.Vijayakumar, Duraipandiyan, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 80. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 40. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS2087.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS2087.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2084.Jerkovic, Hegic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 18. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2084.Jerkovic and Marijanovic, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 18. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2084.Jerkovic, Tuberso, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 18. min
CapillaryHP-52080.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-52083.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2086.Vedernikov and Roschin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 150. C
CapillaryOV-12071.Nibret and Wink, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-52070.Bousaada, Ammar, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryElite-5MS2085.Tava, Pecetti, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane2063.Marongiu, Piras, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52080.Morteza-Semnani K., Akbarzadeh M., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-52079.Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-12066.Valette, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52081.Ferraz, Limberger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-12067.Khanavi, Ghasemian, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 2.5 K/min, 265. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-52087.7Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-52084.Miyazawa, Nishiguchi, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-52079.Morteza-Semnani and Saeedi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-52078.Tirillini, Pellegrino, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-52084.Naka, van Vang, et al., 2003He, 100. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 240. C @ 15. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-52078.Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.53 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-52080.da Camara, Shepherd, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-52082.Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5MS2039.Marongiu, Porcedda, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-52084.Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2040.Vendramini and Trugo, 200050. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryUltra-12066.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillarySE-542090.Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988N2, 60. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryRTX-5 MS2082.Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 201215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min)
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph2089.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl2089.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-52082.Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-52078.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS2084.Vedernikov and Roschin, 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-52077.Judzentiene and Budiene, 200850. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS2081.Moronkola, Ogunwande, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C
CapillaryDB-52082.da Camara, Shepherd, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryHP-Innowax2544.Bousaada, Ammar, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2569.Parada, Duque, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2581.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryInnowax FSC2607.Bardakci, Demirci, et al., 201260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2607.Polatoglu, Demirci, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2618.Baser, Özek, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2607.Iscan, Kirimer, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2607.Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C => (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2607.Demirci, Demirci, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2607.Duman, Kartal, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2607.Demirci, Baser, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax2534.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-5MS342.84Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS346.29Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5345.48Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes345.48Eckel and Kind, 2003Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kittiratanapiboon, Jeyashoke, et al., 1998
Kittiratanapiboon, K.; Jeyashoke, N.; Krisnangkura, K., The relationship of Kováts retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of fatty acid methyl esters on a methyl silicone capillary column, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 7, 361-364. [doi:10.1093/chromsci/36.7.361] [all data]

Didaoui, Touabet, et al., 1997
Didaoui, L.; Touabet, A.; Meklati, B.Y., Comparison of mathematical methods for the calculation of retention indices at high temperature in gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1997, 20, 11, 605-610. [doi:10.1002/jhrc.1240201107] [all data]

Hanai and Hong, 1989
Hanai, T.; Hong, C., Structure-retention correlation in CGC, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 5, 327-332. [doi:10.1002/jhrc.1240120517] [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 319, 131-142. [doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90548-5] [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195. [doi:10.1007/BF02269018] [all data]

Raina, Verma, et al., 2006
Raina, V.K.; Verma, S.C.; Dhawan, S.; Khan, M.; Ramesh, S.; Singh, S.C.; Yadav, A.; Srivastava, S.K., Essential oil composition of Murraya exotica from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 140-142. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1547] [all data]

Srivastava, Srivastava, et al., 2006
Srivastava, A.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V., Volatile composition of Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. rhizome from central and southern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 423-426. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1680] [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992. [doi:10.1021/jf00125a008] [all data]

Kukic J., Petrovic S., et al., 2006
Kukic J.; Petrovic S.; Pavlovic M.; Couladis M.; Tzakou O.; Niketic M., Composition of essential oil of Stachys alpina L. ssp dinarica Murb., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 539-542. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1684] [all data]

bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005
bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ayop, N.; Ahmad, A.S., Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of Peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 601-604. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1495] [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 2003, 64, 3, 743-752. [doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00386-8] [all data]

Demetzos, Angelopoulou, et al., 2002
Demetzos, C.; Angelopoulou, D.; Perdetzoglou, D., A comparative study of the essential oils of Cistus salviifolius in several populations of Crete (Greece), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2002, 30, 7, 651-665. [doi:10.1016/S0305-1978(01)00145-4] [all data]

Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 2001
Nogueira, P.C.L.; Bittrich, V.; Shepherd, G.J.; Lopes, A.V.; Marsaioli, A.J., The ecological and taxonomic importance of flower volatiles of Clusia species (Guttiferae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 56, 5, 443-452. [doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00213-2] [all data]

Pino and Marbot, 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5880-5882. [doi:10.1021/jf010270g] [all data]

Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 2001
Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 57, 2, 235-244. [doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00003-6] [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 7-11. [doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<7::AID-FFJ860>3.0.CO;2-3] [all data]

Peng, 1992
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Notes

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