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Undecanoic acid

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column typeActive phaseTemperature (C)IReferenceComment
PackedE-301170.1488.Shashkova, Znamenskaia, et al., 1969He, Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryHP-5MS1466.8Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51490.Choi, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-51468.Píno, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51490.Choi, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1460.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-51465.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-Wax2398.Ruiz Perez-Cacho, Mahattanatawee, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2421.Choi, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2419.Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2407.Choi, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2405.Lin and Rouseff, 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2417.Choi and Sawamura, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2400.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2369.Frohlich and Schreier, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2379.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-Wax2365.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1465.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-51490.Choi, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPE-51482.Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 200650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)1493.Dohou, Yamni, et al., 2005He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOptima-11469.de Beck, Bessière, et al., 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-11474.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1445.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998N2; Column length: 25. m; Phase thickness: 0.39 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-Wax2371.Choi, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-20M2359.Mastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 180. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2394.Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2394.Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005, 360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2417.Choi, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2419.Choi, 2004, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-Wax2373.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax2400.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2407.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2413.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC2400.Baser, Özek, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2400.Kosar, Özek, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2400.Baser, Özek, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2401.Erdemoglu, Sener, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2400.Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10 min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column typeActive phaseIReferenceComment
CapillaryDB-5MS249.52Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5248.0Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Shashkova, Znamenskaia, et al., 1969
Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas'ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, 1969, 9, 40-47. [all data]

Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007
Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2007, 595, 1-2, 328-339. [doi:10.1016/j.aca.2006.12.022] [all data]

Choi, 2005
Choi, H.-S., Characteristic odor components of kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle) peel oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 5, 1642-1647. [doi:10.1021/jf040324x] [all data]

Píno, Marbot, et al., 2004
Píno, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Volatile components of the fruits of Vangueria madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. from Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 302-304. [doi:10.1080/10412905.2004.9698727] [all data]

Choi, 2003
Choi, H.-S., Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov × C. sinensis Osbeck) × C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 9, 2687-2692. [doi:10.1021/jf021069o] [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5883-5887. [doi:10.1021/jf010414r] [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 7-11. [doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<7::AID-FFJ860>3.0.CO;2-3] [all data]

Ruiz Perez-Cacho, Mahattanatawee, et al., 2007
Ruiz Perez-Cacho, P.; Mahattanatawee, K.; Smoot, J.M.; Rouseff, R., Identification of Sulfur Volatiles in Canned Orange Juices Lacking Orange Flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 14, 5761-5767. [doi:10.1021/jf0703856] [all data]

Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005
Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Karanja, P.N.; Sawamura, M., Volatile Constituents of Redblush Grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi) and Pummelo ( Citrus grandis) Peel Essential Oils from Kenya, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 25, 9790-9794. [doi:10.1021/jf051373s] [all data]

Lin and Rouseff, 2001
Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L., Characterization of aroma-impact compounds in cold-pressed grapefruit oil using time-intensity GC-olfactometry and GC-MS, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 6, 457-463. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1041] [all data]

Choi and Sawamura, 2000
Choi, H.-S.; Sawamura, M., Composition of the essential oil of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (Hyuganatsu), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 10, 4868-4873. [doi:10.1021/jf000651e] [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994
Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 984-988. [doi:10.1021/jf00040a028] [all data]

Frohlich and Schreier, 1990
Frohlich, O.; Schreier, P., Volatile Constituents of Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) Fruit, J. Food Sci., 1990, 55, 1, 176-180. [doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.1990.tb06046.x] [all data]

Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986
Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Liu, S.-E.; Wu, C.-M., Volatile components of salted and pickled prunes (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 1, 140-144. [doi:10.1021/jf00067a038] [all data]

Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 2004
Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 18, 5670-5676. [doi:10.1021/jf049512d] [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185. [doi:10.3390/molecules15096168] [all data]

Choi, 2006
Choi, H.-S., Headspace analyses of fresh leaves and stems of Angelica gigas Nakai, a Korean medicinal herb, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 604-608. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1602] [all data]

Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006
Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 427-430. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1606] [all data]

Dohou, Yamni, et al., 2005
Dohou, N.; Yamni, K.; Badoc, A.; Tahrouch, S.; Idrissi Hassani, L.M.; Bessière, J.-M., Composés volatils de Thymelaea lythroides, endémique, ibéro-marocaine, Bull. Soc. Pharm. Bordeaux, 2005, 144, 63-70. [all data]

de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000
de Beck, P.O.; Bessière, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 182-185. [doi:10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<182::AID-FFJ888>3.0.CO;2-X] [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358. [doi:10.5985/jec.1.333] [all data]

Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998
Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Thefeld, K.; Subba, G.C., Constituents of the essential oil from the rhizomes of Hedychium gardnerianum Roscoe, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 6, 377-388. [doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199811/12)13:6<377::AID-FFJ755>3.0.CO;2-F] [all data]

Mastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 2006
Mastelic, J.; Jerkovic, I.; Mesic, M., Volatile constituents from flowers, leaves, bark and wood of Prunus mahaleb L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 306-313. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1596] [all data]

Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005, 2
Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Mwaniki, M.; Minh Tu, N.T.; Sawamura, M., Essential oils of Kenyan Citrus fruits: volatile components of two varieties of mandarins (Citrus reticulata) and a tangelo (C. paradisi × C. tangerina), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 74-79. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1376] [all data]

Njoroge, Koaze, et al., 2005, 3
Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Karanja, P.N.; Sawamura, M., Essential oil constituents of three varieties of Kenyan sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 80-85. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1377] [all data]

Choi, 2004
Choi, H.-S., Volatile constituents of satsuma mandarins growing in Korea, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 406-412. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1283] [all data]

Choi, 2004, 2
Choi, H.-S., Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 26, 8099-8104. [doi:10.1021/jf040239p] [all data]

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139. [doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002] [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2006
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, G.; Özek, T.; Duran, A.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oils of Rhabdosciadium oligocarpum (Post ex Boiss.) Hedge et Lamond and Rhabdosciadium microcalycinum Hand.-Mazz., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 650-655. [doi:10.1002/ffj.1639] [all data]

Kosar, Özek, et al., 2005
Kosar, M.; Özek, T.; Göger, F.; Kürkcüoglu, M.; Hüsnü Can Baser, K., Comparison of Microwave-Assisted Hydrodistillation and Hydrodistillation Methods for the Analysis of Volatile Secondary Metabolites, Pharm. Biol., 2005, 43, 6, 491-495. [doi:10.1080/13880200500220136] [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2004
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Deliorman, D.; Ergun, F., Composition of the essential oils of Galium aparine L. and Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. from Turkey, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 305-307. [doi:10.1080/10412905.2004.9698728] [all data]

Erdemoglu, Sener, et al., 2003
Erdemoglu, N.; Sener, B.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The glycosidically bound volatile compounds of Taxus baccata, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2003, 39, 2, 195-198. [doi:10.1023/A:1024870031960] [all data]

Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 2000
Kirimer, N.; Tabanca, N.; Özek, T.; Tümen, G.; Baser, K.H.C., Essential oils of annual Sideritis species growing in Turkey, Pharm. Biol., 2000, 38, 2, 106-111. [doi:10.1076/1388-0209(200004)3821-1FT106] [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 1993
Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 642, 1-2, 409-415. [doi:10.1016/0021-9673(93)80106-I] [all data]


Notes

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